CAR fighting: 100 dead in Bangui as UN votes for French force

The BBC's Andrew Harding in Bangui: "There is real concern for the civilians in this city"

More than 100 people are confirmed dead in fierce fighting on Thursday in the capital of the Central African Republic (CAR), Bangui, UN officials say.

The city was attacked, reportedly by militias loyal to Francois Bozize, who was ousted as president by rebels in March, plunging the country into chaos.

The UN Security Council has now voted to allow French troops to join an African peacekeeping force in the CAR.

The violence has raised fears of mass killings along sectarian lines.

Wounded civilians waiting for treatment, Bangui (5 December) Dozens of wounded civilians waited for treatment in Bangui's main hospital

French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius told the BFM-TV news channel that the French deployment would total around 1,200, with 600 troops already in place.

The UK military says it is discussing "limited logistical support" for the French mission in the CAR but will not send combat troops.

About 250 French troops were sent out onto the streets of Bangui when the violence began on Thursday.

The Security Council resolution also imposed an arms embargo and asked the UN to prepare for a possible peacekeeping mission of its own.

The fighting started at around 06:00 local time. We could hear heavy machine-gun fire and the distant boom of mortars. At times, the sound of automatic gunfire sent people running for cover at our hotel.

Pickup trucks full of Seleka fighters - predominantly Muslim - raced past. Later several French military vehicles drove into the city from their base at the airport. African forces have also been on the streets.

The staff at the hotel - who have already lived through months of violent anarchy - expressed deep anxiety about the fate of civilians in the city, trapped in a conflict that has triggered bloody confrontations between Christian and Muslim communities.

Bodies, of men and women, have been seen on the streets this morning.

For several hours, the gun battles appeared to spread across much of Bangui. It is believed that forces loyal to CAR's ousted President Francois Bozize launched multiple attacks from the north.

The timing is highly significant. With French forces poised to intervene in the coming days under an imminent new UN mandate, this looks like an attempt to change the balance of military and political power on the ground. For now, it appears that forces linked to the Seleka alliance remain in control. But the situation is clearly fluid and unstable, and there are deep concerns about more inter-communal violence across the country.


One hundred people are confirmed killed, Amy Martin from the UN in Bangui told the BBC.

A government curfew came into effect at 18:00 (17:00 GMT) but sporadic gunfire could still be heard, Ms Martin said.

The BBC's Andrew Harding, in Bangui, reported seeing many people lying wounded in the halls of a hospital.

Our correspondent says the violence in the CAR is increasingly pitting Christians against Muslims.

Michel Djotodia, who ousted Mr Bozize, installed himself as the first Muslim leader in the Christian-majority country.

The mainly Muslim Seleka rebel coalition which brought him to power has been accused of atrocities against Christians.

Christian communities have now set up so-called "anti-balaka" self-defence forces, most of them loyal to Mr Bozize.

"Balaka" means machete in the local Sango and Mandja languages.

The Selekas have been officially disbanded and some of them integrated into the army, but correspondents say it is often not clear who is in charge, even in the capital.

A Seleka general told the BBC there were 54 bodies lying in a mosque in Bangui. BBC journalists saw another 20 to 30 bodies lying in the streets outside.

CAR Prime Minister Nicholas Tiangaye, in Paris for a Franco-African summit, called for the immediate deployment of French troops.

French troops in Bangui (5 Dec) French troops patrolled the streets during the fightin in Bangui on Thursday

He blamed Thursday's violence on the "anti-balaka" militias.

The UN special representative in the CAR, Babacar Gaye, told the BBC there was a danger of mass killings in Bangui if nothing was done to stop the violence.

"Today something very worrisome happened because a group... attacked the town.

Guide to Central African Republic

  • Crisis has affected entire population of 4.6m people
  • 10% have fled their homes
  • 25% need food aid
  • Unknown number killed - several hundred in one area in two weeks
  • 3,500 children are soldiers
  • Most schools and hospitals outside capital looted and not functional
  • Currently 2,500 African peacekeepers and 400 French troops in country - to be increased to 3,600 and 1,200

Source: UN

"We don't know the size, but what we know is that within ex-Seleka [rebels], casualties have been observed including commanding officers and we know that downtown, unfortunately, targeted violence is ongoing, so we are in a very bad situation," Mr Gaye said.

Our correspondent says Bangui is quieter than it was when the fighting began on Thursday morning, with only the occasional burst of gunfire.

He says the attack looks like an attempt to change the balance of power before the French intervene but for now, Seleka forces remain in control.

An existing peacekeeping force about 2,500 strong, the International Support Mission in Central Africa (Misca), is already in place.

It is now under a 12-month UN mandate and will rise to some 3,600 African soldiers, in addition to the 1,200 from French forces.

About 10% of CAR's 4.6 million people have fled their homes, the UN says.

Map showing the location of the Central African Republic and the countries that border it

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