Kenya MPs vote to withdraw from ICC

 
Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta, 1 June 2013 The African Union wants the ICC to drop the charges against Uhuru Kenyatta

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Kenyan MPs have approved a motion to leave the International Criminal Court (ICC) following an emergency debate.

A bill to this effect is expected to be introduced in the next 30 days, after opposition MPs boycotted the vote.

The ICC has charged President Uhuru Kenyatta and Deputy President William Ruto with crimes against humanity, which they both deny. Mr Ruto's trial is due to start in The Hague next week.

The ICC said the cases would continue even if Kenya pulled out.

The charges against both Mr Kenyatta and Mr Ruto stem from violence that broke out after disputed elections in 2007, in which more than 1,000 people were killed and 600,000 forced from their homes.

Mr Kenyatta is to go on trial in November.

'Defend Kenya's sovereignty'

Analysis

In one sense this is a calculated piece of political theatre. The issue of the ICC is generally agreed to have helped, not hindered, the electoral prospects of Uhuru Kenyatta and William Ruto.

The debate in parliament will rekindle a sense of righteous anger among many here who feel that the president and his deputy are the victims, rather than the alleged perpetrators, of injustice.

This is a notion that is gaining currency, not just in Kenya, but across Africa. In May, Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn accused the ICC of racist bias and of "hunting Africans."

That kind of sentiment could prove useful in the weeks to come, to counter the potential negative impression created by pictures of Mr Ruto in the dock.

Even if Kenya does eventually withdraw from the Rome Statute, it will not halt prosecutions currently under way. But it could embolden other African nations to follow suit.

They were on opposite sides during the 2007 election but formed an alliance for elections in March this year, and analysts say the ICC prosecutions bolstered their campaign as they portrayed it as foreign interference in Kenya's domestic affairs.

The BBC's Gabriel Gatehouse reports from the capital, Nairobi that even though the vote does not halt the cases, it sends a powerful signal of defiance to The Hague - a sentiment that is becoming increasingly popular, in Kenya and across much of Africa.

No other country has withdrawn from the ICC.

Kenya's parliament is dominated by the Jubilee coalition formed by Mr Kenyatta and Mr Ruto.

The motion, tabled by majority leader Adan Duale, said the pair had been "lawfully elected" and the government should take steps to "immediately" withdraw from the Rome Statute, which established the ICC.

The sentence stating that Kenya would "suspend any links, co-operation and assistance" to the ICC was removed during the debate.

Mr Duale noted that the US had refused to sign the Rome Statute to protect its citizens and soldiers from potential politically motivated prosecutions.

"Let us protect our citizens. Let us defend the sovereignty of the nation of Kenya," Mr Duale is quoted as saying.

MPs from the opposition Coalition for Reforms and Democracy (Cord), led by former Prime Minister Raila Odinga, walked out of the debate, calling the motion "capricious" and "ill-considered".

Kenya's withdrawal would not bring "honour to the nation and dignity to our leaders", Cord said in a statement.

"Kenya cannot exist outside the realm of international law," it said.

'Disturbing'

ICC spokesman Fadi El Abdallah told the BBC's Newsday programme that Kenya's withdrawal would have no bearing on the cases against the two men.

ICC in brief

Fatou Bensouda
  • Set up in 2002
  • Based in The Hague, the Netherlands
  • Deals with genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and the crime of aggression
  • Court has been ratified by 121 countries, including 34 in Africa
  • Chief Prosecutor is Fatou Bensouda, from The Gambia
  • Democratic Republic of Congo militia leader Thomas Lubanga is the only person convicted so far
  • Investigating cases in Uganda, DR Congo, the Central African Republic, Sudan, Kenya, Libya, Ivory Coast and Mali

Source: ICC

"A withdrawal has an effect only for the future and never for the past," he said.

If Mr Kenyatta and Mr Ruto failed to co-operate, ICC judges "may decide to issue arrest warrants against these accused", Mr Abdallah added.

Amnesty International said the parliamentary motion was the latest in a series of "disturbing initiatives to undermine the work of the ICC in Kenya and across the continent".

"Amnesty International calls on each and every parliamentarian to stand against impunity and reject this proposal," said Netsanet Belay, the group's Africa programme director, in a statement.

Our reporter says that the withdrawal still has to pass at least one more parliamentary hurdle, and could take a year or more to come into effect.

Both Mr Kenyatta and Mr Ruto have repeatedly called for the cases against them to be dropped, saying the charges are politically motivated.

The ICC has refused and says it pursues justice impartially.

In May, the African Union accused the ICC of "hunting" Africans because of their race.

The ICC strongly denies this, saying it is fighting for the rights of the African victims of atrocities.

The ICC was set up in 2002 to deal with genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and the crime of aggression.

The court has been ratified by 122 countries, including 34 in Africa.

 

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  • rate this
    +32

    Comment number 2.

    Oh dear.
    African leaders once again play the race card to avoid and divert attention from their own accountabilities.
    I feel so sorry for the millions of Africans who have been utterly sold down the river by incompetent and corrupt leaders over the decades, who still to this day seek blame the 'colonialists' of 50 + years ago for present day failings.

  • rate this
    +27

    Comment number 12.

    It's a sad news but the fact that war criminals responsible for the death of hundreds of thousands, namely, G.W.Bush and Tony Blair have never been even considered to stand any trial makes ICC an institution with no credibility. It's used more for political reasons than to be a real accountability place.

  • rate this
    +21

    Comment number 14.

    USA LEADS THE WAY

    With USA about to commit an act of aggression that is ILLEGAL according to the international community ... this is the result of it's warmongering.

    If the USA will not obey the law ... then everyone else will learn that lesson.

  • rate this
    +21

    Comment number 19.

    "Democratic Republic of Congo militia leader Thomas Lubanga is the only person convicted so far"

    So, this ICC has existed since 2002 and has convicted ONE person?

    Has the world been so peaceful that there were no other candidates.

    What the hell is going on?

  • rate this
    +21

    Comment number 51.

    Just remember that the United States is NOT a member. Just remember that the United States congress passed what is popularly known as the Hague Invasion Resolution (2002)which authorises any US president to use all force required, including military force, to "rescue" any americans facing trial in ICC. So slag off kenya if you will. America is bigger villain and world champion Hypocrisy-state.

 

Comments 5 of 167

 

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