Archive: Mandela the early years
6 December 2013 Last updated at 00:02 GMT
Nelson Mandela was one of the world's most revered statesmen, who led the struggle to replace the apartheid regime of South Africa with a multi-racial democracy.
In the winter of 1964, Nelson Mandela arrived on Robben Island where he would spend 18 of his 27 prison years.
Nicholas Witchell reports