Nelson Mandela and Walter Sisulu on Robben Island
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Archive: Mandela the early years

6 December 2013 Last updated at 00:02 GMT

Nelson Mandela was one of the world's most revered statesmen, who led the struggle to replace the apartheid regime of South Africa with a multi-racial democracy.

In the winter of 1964, Nelson Mandela arrived on Robben Island where he would spend 18 of his 27 prison years.

Nicholas Witchell reports