Obama second term: What it means for Africa

A Kenyan reading a newspaper in Nairobi on Wednesday 7 November 2012

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Some people on this continent expected more from the son of man who grew up herding goats in a village in western Kenya.

President Barack Obama made only one, cursory trip to sub-Saharan Africa during his first term, and at the time made it fairly clear that he would not be smothering the continent with attention.

"Africa's future is up to Africans," he said in Ghana, in a speech that quietly acknowledged the limitations of American influence in a region that now trades more with China than the US.

So how much will change in Mr Obama's second term?

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If Kenya pulls off a free and fair vote, expect a fairly prompt visit to Nairobi by Air Force One”

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That question was, perhaps understandably, barely mentioned in an election campaign that focused on pressing domestic issues and the Arab uprisings.

In his victory speech, Mr Obama again made only passing reference to "a decade of war" and to "people in distant nations… risking their lives right now just for a chance to argue about the issues that matter, the chance to cast their ballots like we did today".

Behind the scenes US diplomacy will no doubt continue to be furiously in demand.

No 'Obama doctrine'

In the first term, the focus was on headline-hogging conflicts in Ivory Coast, Somalia, Sudan and South Sudan and even a close-run election in Zambia.

The start of the second term is likely to be preoccupied with more of the same: International efforts to remove al-Qaeda-linked rebels from the north of Mali - by force or negotiation or both - and efforts to ensure that Zimbabwe and Kenya avoid repeating the violence that wrecked their last elections.

If Kenya pulls off a free and fair vote, expect a fairly prompt visit to Nairobi by Air Force One.

So far, there is no sign of a grand "Obama doctrine" for Africa - and perhaps that is a good thing given the diversity and complexity of the continent.

Mr Obama has left it to others to warn about the dangers posed by an insatiable China.

But his second term may give him an opportunity to move away from the distorting, "war on terror" preoccupations of Mali and Somalia, and focus on the broader issues - trade in particular - that he raised three years ago in Ghana.

Andrew Harding Article written by Andrew Harding Andrew Harding Africa correspondent

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  • rate this

    Comment number 6.

    As a white Zimbabwean, who was born and raised in Britain, but now lives in Tanzania, I have seen the run up and reaction to this election and found it astonishing how much impetus people here put on the black president of America. What we need here is for Tanzanians to vote for someone to run this country better, not put faith in someone who's already said African's future is up to Africans!!

  • rate this

    Comment number 1.

    One thing must be made clear, Obama is the president of the U.S and not africa . The expectation that Obama needs to pay homage to his fatherland by becoming the manna is not only wrong but pathetic . Africans must initiate there own way out of the political mess the likes of Mugabe. Museveni ,Biya ,Jammeh and the rest of the thieves who call themselves leaders perpectuates .

  • rate this

    Comment number 16.

    It sounds strange for Africans to expect Obama to do something for them. Obama is an American and by any standard will pursue with vigor any thing that will help America prosper. His policies will not be different substantially from the past presidents.
    African countries need to look beyond aids and other handouts, starting investing in themselves and trade across borders, reduce corruption.

  • rate this

    Comment number 17.

    The biggest drawback in most of Africa is corruption. Without it, there can be perhaps a slow but steady progress. If Obama know how to fix corruption in distant places, it is the only help they need. Anything else is a waste of time and resources.

  • rate this

    Comment number 15.

    Africans are merely proud that one of their own is the leader of the most powerful nation in the world. They understand that the destiny of the continent is the hands of their 'elected' leaders. It is insulting to insinuate that Africans expect Obama to change Africa for them.


Comments 5 of 17



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