African viewpoint: Mugabe and the Jamaicans

Rastafarians smoke marijuana in Kingston, Jamaica - August 1999

In our series of viewpoints from African journalists, film-maker and columnist Farai Sevenzo on how one man's wise words became a proverbial faux pas.

An interesting news story this month was the diplomatic tiff between Zimbabwe and Jamaica, two countries thousands of miles apart and yet somehow forever linked by cultural bonds.

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In Jamaica... Men want to sing and do not go to colleges”

End Quote Robert Mugabe Zimbabwe's president

For those of us of a certain age, in fact anyone 20 years or so younger than the president of Zimbabwe - Robert Mugabe is now 88 - and below, would be acutely aware of the strong cultural ties that exist between that Caribbean island and much of Africa.

It is impossible to visit Tanzania, Uganda, Kenya, Namibia or any country south of the Sahara, stay off the beaten track of game parks and sunbathing, and not discover some of Africa's young who are imbued with a kind of Jamaican subculture in their music and even their speech patterns.

For patois, after reggae music is a major Jamaican cultural export to Africa.

Caribbean citizens, since the great crime of slavery, have been settling on the continent and are a part of Africa in their professions, while there are many links through marriage and other personal connections.

Jamaican musicians played their part in no small measure in raising the consciousness of African youths throughout the last decades of colonialism and apartheid; indeed the great icon himself - Bob Marley - was a guest of the new Zimbabwean government as independence was achieved on that sultry April night in 1980.

Bob Marley performing in the 1970s Reggae star Bob Marley sang during celebrations to mark Zimbabwe's independence in April 1980

While the Lancaster House independence negotiations credited with bringing about that night were chaired by late Jamaican Prime Minister Michael Manley.

That is why it came as a great surprise when President Mugabe, in an address to University of Zimbabwe students at the Research and Intellectual Expo 2012, declared in that kind of off-the-cuff way your granny may use when she wants to tell you to settle down or avoid bad boyfriends - that Jamaican men are drunks and have dreadlocks, that Jamaican colleges are filled with women because the men prefer to sing and local students shouldn't emulate them.

Order of Jamaica

But why paraphrase the president? These were his exact words as was widely reported:

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I prefer to regard what he said as misguided statements, expressed by a wayward brother in the winter of his years”

End Quote A J Nicholson Jamaica's foreign affairs minister

"In Jamaica, they have freedom to smoke marijuana, the men are always drunk."

He continued: "Men want to sing and do not go to colleges, some then dreadlock their hair. Let's not go there."

Offended Jamaicans filled their radio phone-ins and newspaper letter pages with indignation and soul searching.

What could have prompted such an outburst from a brother leader on whom they inferred the Order of Jamaica honour not so long ago?

Was he right? Was he a man in a glass house busy lobbying stones?

Jamaica's Foreign Affairs Minister A J Nicholson told the island press: "I prefer to regard what he said as misguided statements, expressed by a wayward brother in the winter of his years.

"The Jamaica government and the people of Jamaica know that those negative comments by Mugabe do not represent the feelings of the people of Zimbabwe nor those of the other nations of Africa."

The Harare-Kingston bout prompted questions about the influence of Jamaica on Harare's youth, for every Usain Bolt wannabe there were 30 "dancehall slackers" high on weed and low on ambition and wasn't the old man right?

Independence celebrations in Zimbabwe in 2005 Is Zimbabwe suffering from the cult of personality?

Yet what do people expect from a man who was 18 in 1942?

It is impossible to imagine the dear leader without his suit and tie in the heat of October.

His dances are from another age, and should you chance upon his iPod, there would be very little music familiar to today's 18 year olds on it, unlike, it is fair to assume, his young son's music collection.

And anyone who has listened to the elder statesman's meandering moral lessons could easily make a tally of the number of times he has spoken against drug taking, the modern custom of young girls bearing their belly buttons in public and all manner of topics that would make Africans of a certain age uncomfortable.

The president has reached that stage in life when, despite all the headlines over this particular faux pas, he ought to be listened to like we listen to the old, knowing that the wisdom of their words is heavily tainted by their own out-of-date tastes.

Bob Marley arrived at the invitation of the late Edgar Tekere, then the Zanu-PF secretary-general, who died in opposition - a completely different type of politician, visceral in his passions, and a beloved opponent of the cult of personality

Such a cult seems far more dangerous than some dreadlocked island musicians long schooled to inspire, despite their very human faults.

If you would like to comment on Farai Sevenzo's latest column, please use the form below.


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  • rate this

    Comment number 23.

    I did not know about this until the Jamaicans began making a lot of fuss about it. In short the old (as in out-of-touch) man should have been simply ignored.

  • rate this

    Comment number 22.

    Rhodies in full force, I can't see the link between the comments to uni students and pitting Marley against Mugabe? Notwithstanding the poor taste of words and unfair generalisation of Jamaican men, fact is there is a trend among some Zimbabweans of ignorantly embracing bad practices in the name of being hip - whether its from trying imitate what they think is hip from Reggae or hip hop - end of!

  • rate this

    Comment number 21.

    Here is a man bent on holding on to power at all cost. A man who refused to follow through with the wishes of his people for true self-determination and redistribute the land and the wealth to the people of Zimbabwe. A man who went to Lancaster House at the dawn of Zimbabwe's independence and was so drunk with the excesses of his British host, went back home and denied the people the spiritua.

  • rate this

    Comment number 20.

    We in Africa, born during these generations when the continent is just creeping up to join the rest of the developed world, will never enjoy fully. Why? the likes of Mugabe, Nguema, etc are still holding us hostage.
    They say and do what they want and walk away scot-free. Maybe the one only consolation we have is time : time is quickly catching up with them and they are being wiped out by age.

  • rate this

    Comment number 19.

    The ancient Zim despot lost it when his wife, a very great and kind woman, sadly died some 20 years ago.
    His views are no longer of any interest to anyone except those who infuence and direct his thoughts. The sycophants and grubby little people who depend on him. Its high time they went!

  • rate this

    Comment number 18.

    Who cares what Robert Mugabe has to say? He's a mad old despot.

    Bob Marley had a much wider message about how people should get on with each other, regardless of his recreational habits.

  • rate this

    Comment number 17.

    I don't understand why anyone would give credence to a doddering old fool who destroyed one of Southern Africa's strongest agricultural economies in thirty short years at the expense of his own people.
    A corrupt criminal that stole the future of his country through corruption and cronyism. If I was Jamaican I would not want to be associated with Mugabe in any way. Hopefully he will be removed soon

  • rate this

    Comment number 16.

    To attempt to imply that Jamaica and Marley had any influence on the Lancaster House talks or the outcome of the Rhodesia situation is total bullcrap...I worked for Time Out Magazine at the time (and was deported from Rhodesia and SA in Feb 1980 for doing so) and Marley was seen as a complete non entity politics wise by those around the Lancaster House Conference fringes...Manley not much better.

  • rate this

    Comment number 15.

    it's a strange world where living a stress free, sociable and fun life is seen as something to be frowned upon.

    Maybe the European/Asian way of life isn't for everyone and rather than mocking aficans and people from the caribbean, they should be admired..

  • rate this

    Comment number 14.

    Another broad sweeping stereotyping by a politician. Globally there are more and more students going into theater/arts/media/music and fewer into engineering/pharmacology etc. Why lash out at Jamaicans? It's worse in America. I'm curious why he even went down that road - was that supposed to be a marketing ploy on behalf of UZ? A bizarre and irreverent remark. How very like Mugabe.

  • rate this

    Comment number 13.

    I think that President Mugabe has his reasons and the people of Jamaica must forgive him if this is an insult on their intergrity.

  • rate this

    Comment number 12.

    Let Mr. Mugabe be serious and concentrate on his internal problems. Know
    yourself is an insult but an advice to a wise man. A big fool as he is. A failure in tackling his domestic problems now meddling in another mans trouble.

  • rate this

    Comment number 11.

    Africans share a common ancestry and a culture of respect for age and wisdom. But it has never been the case that all Africans, especially the youth, will sing a chorus to traditional beliefs and wisdom of the elders without deep thinking.

    African proverbs or common wisdom are often modified to suit the present environment. One example, "It's not the streets that groundnuts are cultivated". LOL

  • rate this

    Comment number 10.

    Bob Marley is loved by all, however, I am often concerned about the message of Jamaica to the new generation now that Bob has given the culture recognition. It certainly is not about education or trade. I have seen many youth that are misguided by rasta movement Mugabe speaks the truth. I apologize but truth must be told.

  • rate this

    Comment number 9.

    I may not support Mugabe in saying that Jamaican men are drunk but I tend to agree with him, in that alot of Jamaican men want to be singers or believe they can sing.
    But for sure, Jamaican "dance hall music" is having a damaging effect on the youths of the Caribbean, resulting in drug use and crime. Every youth want to be a "bad boy" as glorified in dance hall.

  • rate this

    Comment number 8.

    I don't believe that one can classify any one people into - lazy, dirty, drug-smoking, sex addicts, etc. Every culture has its problems; some of the problems are traditional i.e. built into tradition.
    But my point is: You cannot say Jamaican & think you know of whom you speak. Mugabe is Mugabe - sometimes brilliant, sometimes not, but always the darling of western scapegoating.

  • rate this

    Comment number 7.

    Mugabe's comments may be unflattering but there are quite true. A cursory look at some of Jamaica's most famous songs performed by its most famous artists reveals titles in praise of marijuana like 'Legalize It' by Peter Tosh & 'Kaya' by Bob Marley. Sadly, these are the images that define Jamaica internationally. The image of Jamaica abroad is not Usain Bolt's gold dash but Rasta men smoking weed.

  • rate this

    Comment number 6.

    Mugabe’s reference to Jamaican men is ill-thought, unfortunate and one can only apologies for what is an ignorant comment. However, there is a lingering smell of the classic attempt to divide and conquer here. This story is dated, there are more relevant recent things happening in Zimbabwe – e.g. the rampant corruption in the UK pet project MDC – come on BBC this game is played out!

  • Comment number 5.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • rate this

    Comment number 4.

    Fascinating article.

    Was this Mugabe's revenge for Damian (Bob's son) Marley's Road to Zion lyrics? ‘What I’m seeing is haunting, human beings like ghosts and zombies. President Mugabe holding guns to innocent bodies. In Zimbabwe, they make John Pope seem Godly, sacrilegious and blasphemous.’" Unlikely - rumour has it Mugabe wanted Cliff Richard not Marley to play at Zim's Independence.


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