South Africa ends fracking freeze

A field of blooming flowers on 10 August 2009 on the outskirts of the small town of Nieuwoudtville in the Northern Cape Campaigners say fracking would destroy the Karoo's natural beauty

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South Africa has lifted a ban on the extraction of shale gas using the controversial fracking technique.

There are said to be huge deposits of shale gas in the semi-desert Karoo area, known for its natural beauty.

Campaigners warn that fracking - pumping water and chemicals into rock at high pressure - is dangerous for the environment.

One study found that Karoo could hold enough gas to supply South Africa for 400 years.

The area is extremely poor and fracking supporters say it would bring new jobs to the region.

But the decision was condemned by campaigners.

"Essentially what it means is that our government has sent a signal to the international community that it has made in our view a hasty and ill-informed decision about a vastly unpopular technology," Jonathan Deal of the Treasure the Karoo Action Group told the private eNCA news channel.

A government statement said a series of public consultations would now be held before any extraction began, reports the AFP news agency.

The Associated Press news agency says environmental impact studies will take two years.

A guide to fracking

Infographic showing shale gas extraction
  • Fracking is a method that energy companies use to get shale gas out of shallow deposits in the ground.
  • It uses a mix of water and chemicals at very high pressure to split rock.
  • The gas can then escape into "wells" where it can be drawn out for use in homes and power stations.

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