African viewpoint: Why Timbuktu matters

Men outside the Mosque of Sankore  in Timbuktu, Mali, in February 2005

In our series of viewpoints from African journalists, Elizabeth Ohene from Ghana laments the destruction of the Malian town of Timbuktu.

I decided on a title for my memoirs long before I wrote one sentence. It was to be called I Never Did Make It To Timbuktu.

As a young journalist, three cities fascinated me - I thought nothing could be more adventurous and romantic than to get a byline from Timbuktu, the ancient Malian city, Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal, and Puffadder, a small town in South Africa.

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I wondered what it must feel like to have a Timbuktu address”

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As things turned out, I did not make any particular effort to get to these places but I made it to Puffadder in 1991 when I was on a reporting trip to South Africa and I wanted to go to places that were not on the usual route.

The story of that trip is for another day.

I have never been to Kathmandu and now I do not think I ever will.

It lost its long-distance charms long ago and I cannot quite remember why I wanted to go there in the first place.

I have not been to Timbuktu either but it has retained its attraction for me.

A general view of Kathmandu (archive shot) Kathmandu, Nepal's capital, is also an ancient city steeped in history

The nearest I came to fulfilling the long-held desire to go there was in the late 1990s when I played a small role in a project looking at the preservation of documents in the ancient libraries of the city.

Then came the African Renaissance project, instigated and led by Thabo Mbeki, South Africa's then president.

Timbuktu featured large and my interest was revived. I read everything and watched every film I could find about the city.

I felt inexplicably proud that way back in the 14th Century, Africa had a centre of learning and of excellence that could rival any other place on this planet.

I dreamt about walking along the ancient walls and rummaging through the old documents.

I thought about the young people who lived there and I wondered what it must feel like to have a Timbuktu address.

Impotent rage

Treasures of Timbuktu

  • Timbuktu was a centre of Islamic learning from the 13th to the 17th centuries
  • 700,000 manuscripts survive in public libraries and private collections
  • Books on religion, law, literature and science

And so I have been watching from afar the disaster that has overtaken Timbuktu, engulfed Mali and choked our continent.

Men with pick-axes, hammers and other tools have been systematically destroying Sufi shrines and all the other ancient and hallowed architecture and artefacts of Timbuktu, in the name of religion.

All the sacred and famous things in Timbuktu are being reduced to rubble and the locals look on with impotent rage.

The invaders claim to be doing the work of God and they carry guns to make sure their every wish is carried out.

Admittedly, Timbuktu has more in its past than its present.

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Why is there such silence around the continent about what is being done in Timbuktu?”

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This city, which was once upon a time famous for its wealth and learning and which was a cultural and wealthy trading centre, is not what it used to be.

But surely Timbuktu represents enough to give pride and confidence to present day Africans.

So where is the outrage around the continent?

Why is there such silence around the continent about what is being done in Timbuktu?

I know the leaders of Africa brought up the subject at their recent African Union meeting in Addis Ababa but it was obvious that there will be no rescue forthcoming to the city of 333 saints, as Timbuktu is known, before everything that offends the sensibilities of the Muslim Salafist fundamentalists is demolished.

I know it was getting late for me to ever make that pilgrimage to this city of my dreams but at least the dream lingered.

Now, it seems the dream will die.

I will never make it to Timbuktu.

My heart bleeds, but what is the point? I am old enough to know that is the reality of our continent.

If you would like to comment on Elizabeth Ohene's column, please do so below.


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  • rate this

    Comment number 55.

    Why no righteous outrage. The answer is simple, if unpalletable. Especially to BBC moderators. This being the case, I think we all know the answer, even though we're prevented from voicing it.

    Not racist, just realist.

  • rate this

    Comment number 54.

    It's fairly simple as to why the fate of Timbuktu is not bemoaned in the same manner that, for instance, the ruins of Great Zimbabwe would be had it been suffering the same fate. The vast majority of sub-Saharan Africans do not identify with the Saharan people's as 'Africans'. They are, in many minds, 'Arabs'. To them, Timbuktu's destruction is an assault on Arab history, not African.

  • rate this

    Comment number 53.

    Destruction follows deepening crisis in region since military coup in March. Separatist Tuareg rebels took advantage of instability to proclaim northern Mali independent state. Ansar Dine ("Protector of the Faith") ousted Tuareg rebels taking Timbuktu. UNSC has condemned group's destruction, threatened sanctions. ECOWAS is seeking support for an armed intervention. any of this seem urgent to you?

  • rate this

    Comment number 52.

    Why no outcry over destruction shrines Timbuktu? Why no mobs marching? Its simple, but you won't like it. Its the same reason why muslims complain over US destroying unwanted Korans, but say nothing about the daily blowing up of mosques (& the Korans inside) in Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan etc etc ... its apparently only an offence if non-muslims do it. Hypocrisy

  • rate this

    Comment number 51.

    As Africa sees itself as unshackled from its former colonial past to much chest beating and pride it now finds itself viewed as easy pickings by the stone aged mullahs purporting islam.
    This religion will bring nothing but strife to a continent that is on the cusp of independent progress, unless those with a moral obligation act throughout Africa then its future looks more than bleak.

  • Comment number 50.

    All this user's posts have been removed.Why?

  • rate this

    Comment number 49.

    Polls show Westerners are not happy. Developing countries are found to be happier. Respective feeling of responsibility. Most of world’s population do not to feel responsible for anything other immediate family or village. Westerners lose sleep over mistreatment of a chicken the other side of the Planet. Westerner’s don’t understand other cultures. Kismet.

  • rate this

    Comment number 48.

    @37 what?

  • rate this

    Comment number 47.

    @42. No there isn’t, ambiguous ramblings, often contradictory. Very open to interpretation as to what you need to do to be a good Muslim. For some often just being a good Muslim is not enough…..more like live and let die.

  • rate this

    Comment number 46.

    This "doing god's work" excuse to destroy is ignorance. World-wide illusions referred to as 'religions' should lead to their proper place - that of live and let live tolerance for all others - who look up to different 'gods' and swear by differing visions. Any attempt to force others to one's own illusion is no more valid as acceptable. The dire inevitability of Change rejects fundamentalism

  • rate this

    Comment number 45.

    Well not a lot of comment about the subject matter. Enough said I think. Africa deserves the fate it's own people are giving it... Amen... That is off course the very same Muslim and Christian God I say Amen too... Yeah RIGHT.

    Hello AFRICA wake up... No one outside gives a damn. Help yourself and stop messing up big time.

  • rate this

    Comment number 44.

    @ Elizabeth Ohene

    I very much enjoyed reading your point of view, thank you.

    I regret such ignorant and unwarranted destruction, a great loss.

  • rate this

    Comment number 43.

    Religion? Or simply greed for power?

  • rate this

    Comment number 42.

    @ taichibob - Islam sounds like a pretty mean minded religion if you are correct. I am sure there must be something in the Koran that teaches the values of live and let live.

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    Comment number 41.

    @Martyn - you seem to forget that it is religion that led Timbuktu to become the city that it is - or rather, was, with its shrines and stunning architecture.

    People shouldn't so readily condemn religion as being the cause of this destruction - in fact, it kicked off the creation of countless works of art. I see it rather as a group of madmen using religion as a pretext to cultural genocide.

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    Comment number 40.

    Religion was invented by those with half a brain cell to control and opress those without even that. To believe in any form of organised religion, given the information available, is ridiculous bordering on insane. The quicker the world rids itself of this stain on humanity the better.

  • rate this

    Comment number 39.

    This problem of want and destruction of historic sites are seen as a big deal to the west as we don't often endure and understand the problems that many people face in Africa they are have other priorities to deal with, they're more intrested in stablity than monuments. Which is understandable, I hope no one is more sadden by the lost of a few old buildings than the many lives?

  • rate this

    Comment number 38.

    Where were you and your western friends when we were warning that their murderous escapades in Libya was going to have repercussion far beyond Libya, you probably scorned and insulted us. As usual, the west have ruined the region, instigated war, committed murder and left African to pick up the pieces, just like in Somalia and as they are currently encouraging in Syria. So quit blaming African

  • rate this

    Comment number 37.

    For the ignorant and the is a little lesson for you..

    The greatest sin in Islam as stated numerous times in the quran is idolatry or what is called 'shirk' in Arabic. This equates to worshipping or calling on any deity other than Allah..The shrines in Timbuktu are for the purpose of commiting shirk..which is forbidden. The destruction of these places is totally in line with Islam

  • rate this

    Comment number 36.

    The locals are helpless because those gangsters were armed. And you don't argue with the man behind the gun. those religious bigots just want attention and its costing Mali and the whole world a lot.


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