Where they stand - Egyptian candidates Shafiq and Mursi

Ahmed Shafiq and Muhammed Mursi

Egypt's presidential hopefuls, Mubarak-era figure Ahmed Shafiq and Muslim Brotherhood (MB) candidate Muhammed Mursi, reveal - in their own words - where they stand on key issues likely to influence voters in the second round of elections on 16 and 17 June.

Politics

Shafiq:
Woman at an election rally in Egypt It is thought many of the country's undecided voters are women

"I was not part of the old regime. Rather, I was part of the Egyptian state... Nobody can deny me my right to serve the country where I was brought up, even the parliament of the revolution." (State-run Al-Nahar TV, 8 May 2012)

"The reason he [Mubarak] is behind bars is his trust in a bunch of people whom he should not have trusted." (Al-Nahar TV, 8 May 2012)

"I will appoint three vice-presidents [if elected]; one of Islamic orientation, a Copt and a woman." (Egyptian private CBC TV, 2 May 2012)

"We should look at states that have a presidential/parliamentary system... The current presidential prerogatives must be reconsidered." (State-run Channel 1, 16 May 2012)

Mursi:

The Muslim Brotherhood "works in the service of Egyptians... I do not perceive among any of them (the Brotherhood's leadership), any intention to become president of the republic... The group is a civil society." (CBC TV, 10 May 2012)

"My party believes that a woman should not assume the post of president, but I do not mind appointing a woman as my vice-president... A woman can become prime minister." (CBC TV, 10 May 2012)

Islam

Shafiq:

Start Quote

Islam urges kindness and fairness between Muslims and Copts”

End Quote Muhammed Mursi Muslim Brotherhood candidate

"The application of Sharia law is complicated... Civil law is the best choice for Egypt." (CBC TV, 1 May 2012)

Mursi:

"There is no such thing as a religious state in Islam... The idea of a modern state, comprising institutions, is being proposed as a guarantor of citizens' freedom." (CBC TV, "Egypt Elects", 9 May 2012)

"Muslims have the right to change their faith in a discreet way. But if a Muslim announces his conversion publicly, a practice which harms society, the Riddah [apostasy] penalty should be applied against him." (Al-Nahar TV, 18 May 2012)

"In Egypt, when the principles of the Islamic Sharia are the main source of legislation, banning polygamy would violate the principles of the Islamic Sharia." (pan-Arabic channel Al-Arabiya TV, 23 November 2011)

Copts

Shafiq:
An Egyptian Coptic priest An Egyptian Coptic priest votes in the country's first free presidential election

''Christians should be forgiven for worrying about an Islamic current-dominated parliament. I tell them: Wait, things might be better. Egyptian people will never allow any offence against Copts." (Channel 1 TV, 12 May 2012)

"Copts are full citizens, just like Muslims." (State-run Nile News TV, 13 May 2012)

Mursi:

"The [former] regime used the Coptic issue to create division between Copts and Muslims and draw people's attention from the regime's malpractices... The Muslim Brotherhood has no problem whatsoever with our Christian brothers or the Coptic Church." (Channel 1 TV, 12 May 2012)

"Islam urges kindness and fairness between Muslims and Copts... Copts should have the right to build places of worship anywhere they want, just as Muslims do." (CBC TV, 10 May 2012)

Israel/USA

Shafiq:

Egyptian and Israeli conflicts

Former Egyptian President Anwar Sadat
  • 1956 - Tripartite invasion of Egypt by Britain, France and Israel after nationalisation of the Suez Canal
  • 1967 - Six-Day War in which Israel defeats forces of Egypt, Jordan and Syria
  • 1973 - Egypt and Syria go to war with Israel during Israel's celebration of Yom Kippur to reclaim the land they lost in 1967
  • 1978 - Camp David Accords for peace with Israel are signed by Egyptian President Anwar Sadat (above)

"Any change to the peace treaty [signed by Egypt and Israel] requires the agreement of both sides, Egypt and Israel." (Channel 1 TV, 14 May 2012)

"We have a strategic relationship with the USA, which is mostly stable. Differences occur, but we should not lose direction. We have to develop our relations with the USA." (Nile News TV, 13 May 2012)

Mursi:

"I will keep the peace treaty between Egypt and Israel, on the basis of mutual respect... A nation [Israel] of five million people cannot be a threat to a nation of 95 million people [Egypt]." (CBC TV, 9 May 2012)

"I pledge to respect the agreements and treaties that were established under international law... Egypt has been respecting this treaty [Camp David accord] for more than 32 years, since 1979, but the other party [Israel] has violated it over and over again." (Channel 1 TV, 14 May 2012)]

"We are not declaring war on anyone, and we do not intend to sever ties with anyone in the future, except with those who stand against the Egyptian people or attack Egypt." (Al-Arabiya TV, 23 November 2011)

Economy and poverty

Shafiq:
A boy selling sweets Egyptian children living in poverty often have to work

"Capitalism is more suitable for Egypt." (Nile News TV, 13 May 2012)

"I will focus on projects to combat unemployment and increase food production... including a free zone around the Suez Canal and a plan to develop Lake Nasser to boost revenue from fishing." (Channel 1 TV, 7 May 2012)

"Justice includes citizens' right to have a job." (Channel 1 TV, 19 May 2012)

"The problem of slums can be resolved with expert help... We see the example of the alleys and narrow streets in Italy, and how the Italians made them attractive to tourists." (Channel 1 TV, 11 May 2012)

Mursi:

"I will not allow money and tycoons to influence politics... The budget deficit can be overcome within a year or two... I will not allow the return of corruption that was rampant under the former regime." (CBC TV, 10 May 2012)

"Slums are the legacy of the former regime... We should reconsider the architectural landscape of the country and create new cities and residential communities... The state should provide soft loans to slum residents in order for them to be able to own homes in these new communities." (Channel 1 TV, 11 May 2012)

"Traffic and security are the main issues affecting tourism... My aim is to increase the flow of tourists to 20 million annually." (CBC TV, 9 May 2012)

Security

Shafiq:

"We are definitely going through a time of the absence of law... When we put an end to the emergency law, we can say that life is back to normal." (Channel 1 TV, 2 May 2012)

"The security dossier is a top priority." (Al-Nahar TV, 8 May 2012)

"I admit there is corruption in the security system... Security is one of the top needs for the Egyptian people... Democracy has limits... Unrest is not democracy." (Nile News TV, 13 May 2012)

Mursi:

"The law still exists, but it is not respected... Restructuring the Interior Ministry is a real problem... There should not be anything called an 'emergency' in Egypt." (Channel 1 TV, 2 May 2012)

"Restoring security will be my first mission if I assume the presidency." (Al-Nahar TV, 18 May 2012)

Health and education

Shafiq:
An Egyptian boy weaving a carpet An Egyptian boy weaves a carpet at a government run carpet school

"Teachers as well as judges will receive higher salaries if I am chosen as president." (CBC TV, 2 May 2012)

"I will help every Egyptian to enjoy a real health insurance system. I will tackle Egypt's endemic diseases, such as diabetes and hepatitis." (CBC TV, 1 May 2012)

"Poor citizens should have the right to free healthcare." (Channel 1 TV, 19 May 2012)

Mursi:

"Deteriorating health conditions and services are attributable to the lack of political will under the former regime... Healthcare must be accessible to all Egyptians." (Channel 1 TV, 11 May 2012)

"An Islamic background should be adopted in education, because it strengthens and deepens the sense of national belonging... The last 30 years of Egypt's history should be taught in order not to repeat the policies of corruption and injustice." (CBC TV, 10 May 2012)

BBC Monitoring selects and translates news from radio, television, press, news agencies and the internet from 150 countries in more than 70 languages. It is based in Caversham, UK, and has several bureaux abroad. For more reports from BBC Monitoring, click here

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