Oxfam warns of West Africa drought 'catastrophe'

Fetching water in drought stricken South of Mauritania. Feb 2012 Drought has hit a huge swathe of the Sahel region

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Urgent action is needed to stop drought in West Africa's Sahel region turning into a humanitarian disaster affecting 13 million people, Oxfam says.

The charity says the international community waited too long to respond to famine in East Africa last year.

Oxfam has launched a £23m ($36m) emergency appeal to help reach more than a million of the most vulnerable.

A BBC correspondent says refugees fleeing fighting in northern Mali are adding to the problem.

Launching its appeal, Oxfam said that malnutrition rates across Chad, Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Niger and northern Senegal are hovering between 10% and 15%, and in some areas have risen beyond the emergency threshold level of 15%.

It says that more than one million children in the Sahel region are at risk of severe malnutrition.

In parts of Chad, Oxfam says, some villagers are digging up ant hills to gather grain that the ants have stored.

The agency says that drought, high food prices, severe poverty and regional conflict are causing the crisis.

"Millions of people are on the threshold of a major crisis," said Mamadou Biteye, Oxfam Regional Director for West Africa.

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"All signs point to a drought becoming a catastrophe if nothing is done soon. The world cannot allow this to happen. A concerted aid effort is needed to stop tens of thousands dying due to international complacency."

He added: "We witnessed last year the situation spiralling out of control in East Africa as the aid community failed to act swiftly. The worst can be avoided and thousands of lives will be saved if we act now. It's that simple."

BBC world affairs correspondent Mike Wooldridge says that recent fighting between rebels and the army in northern Mali has caused more than 100,000 people to flee their homes - half of them crossing into Niger and other countries that are already hard-pressed.

In January, Oxfam and Save the Children said that thousands of people in East Africa died needlessly from famine last year because the international community failed to heed early warnings.


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  • rate this

    Comment number 362.

    Deciding not to give is your decision, but people cannot choose where they were born, and we are the fortunate.

    Remember that corrupt leaders are backed govts, not by charities. Charities monitor and innovate to overcome corruption, not to support it.

    The world has enough food, but sadly there's not enough profit in offering even access to it.

  • rate this

    Comment number 340.

    My realist side fights with my compassionate side on these issues.
    The images of acute suffering battling with the knowledge that the few £s I can spare will save perhaps one or two kids ... until the next famine/war/???

    Everyone has to choose how much they can/want to give if anything.

  • rate this

    Comment number 339.

    Nothing seems to change in this area of the world, as reports like this have been the same for 50+ years. We contribute to help but now I wonder who we are really helping.

  • rate this

    Comment number 272.

    Sadly throwing money at this problem isn't going to solve it. It's a sticking plaster on a broken leg. We seem impotent at preventing genocide at the whim of despots and we continue throwing money at famine. I hate seeing these innocent people suffering but I don't think we're actually hitting the root cause and, until we do, nothing will change however much money you throw.

  • rate this

    Comment number 225.

    I work at Oxfam. We spend 10p of every £1 on admin.
    The unfair distribution of resources accounts for deprivation, not over-population; it would take just 1% of the world's food supply to stop 1bn going hungry.
    Droughts are more frequent due to climate change; our consumption habits contribute to this.
    Aid to sub-Saharan Africa in the last 50yrs is less than half annual defence spending.


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