Ficksburg asks if ANC still part of the solution?

Shacks in Ficksburg

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The sludge of an open sewer snakes past a tin shack, and across a dirt track that meanders through Ficksburg - a small, fairly typical South African town, tucked between rugged hills on the border with Lesotho.

I have come here, en route for the grand weekend centenary celebrations of the governing African National Congress (ANC) in the nearby city of Bloemfontein, to see how the continent's oldest and most famous liberation movement is coping with the more nuanced challenges of local government, 18 years after it came to power.

The short answer is "very badly".

Start Quote

We wish they will lose power peacefully because we don't want to be in a situation like Egypt or Tunisia or Libya”

End Quote Vincent Mojase Opposition councillor

But as usual in South Africa, the bigger picture is more complicated - stained and warped by apartheid's legacy, poor education, inflated expectations, an entrenched culture of entitlement, the struggle to collect and allocate revenues, and sky-high unemployment.

Ficksburg retains the topographical scars of apartheid - still divided between a prim, well-built town centre, once reserved for whites, and a sprawling "township" filled with the stench of sewage and uncollected rubbish, but packed too with neatly manicured front gardens, kiosks, and small, brick-walled government-built houses.

Last year, public anger about the lack of basic services and enduring unemployment in the township triggered the sort of protests that have become increasingly common across South Africa.

A local man, Andries Tatane, was killed - his death caught by television cameras - when the police tried to confront the marchers.

Today, almost everyone I speak to voices disgust for what they see as the corrupt, incompetent local ANC-run council.


But the community is also bitterly divided about the way ahead, with some tempted to turn their backs on the ruling party, but many more reluctant to abandon a deep, instinctive loyalty to the organisation of liberation giants like Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu, Oliver Tambo.

Children playing in Ficksburg The ANC urges patience from Ficksburg's poor residents

"I think the ANC has collapsed - it can't be fixed," says Vincent Mojase, a local councillor who abandoned the ruling party to join the struggling Congress of the People (Cope) opposition.

Cope and the Democratic Alliance (DA) have eight seats on the council, he says, but the ANC has 26.

Start Quote

I will die voting for the ANC. Even though I have not been given a house, they gave us our freedom”

End Quote Anna Lewana

"Corruption is very rife. We've had enough of them," he says.

"They can be beaten but the population must be taught to vote on merit, not on the history of a certain political party.

"We wish they will lose power peacefully because we don't want to be in a situation like Egypt or Tunisia or Libya. It can happen peacefully because South Africa is famous for its negotiations."

Justice, a gangly law student standing with friends at a busy intersection, is tempted to agree.

"There's still no jobs, still corruption at the municipality. Personally I'm falling out of love with [the ANC]. I might vote for someone else," he says.

But Anna Lewana, a 72 year old living in the tin shack I first saw beside the open sewer, was adamant.

"I will die voting for the ANC. Even though I have not been given a house, they gave us our freedom," she declared.

It is a widely held view.

'Woeful finances'

Several local ANC officials declined to speak to us. But Molefi Nonyane, an ANC member and local community organiser insisted that "the ANC can be very much part of the solution".

He blamed poor communication between different administrative structures, and urged people to be patient, saying the picture was complex, with local feuds often fuelling the protests.


There are not many white people left in Ficksburg.

"Perhaps 6,000 of us," says lawyer Ben Du Toit, who holds a seat on the council for the opposition DA.

The town's finances are, he claims, "in dire straits".

"There's no real money for infrastructure development or maintenance. There's a lot of… mismanagement of funds and corruption. 300 million rand ($37m; £24m) is still owed to the municipality and they're not doing anything to collect it," he says.

The main problem, he insists, is that the ANC hires people based on their loyalty rather than ability.

"They've appointed people totally unsuited for the job. I don't think things can get any worse.

"The ANC is very much about pomp and splendour - they spend lots of money on things that have nothing to do with service delivery," he says, referring to this weekend's centenary events.

"We need to get people thinking about politics. But it won't be quick - maybe not in my lifetime."

The road I took into Ficksburg was a sea of potholes. But driving south west towards Bloemfontein, I see workers busy widening and resurfacing the route.

The ANC has plenty of achievements it can point to in government. But close up, its failings are glaring.

Andrew Harding Article written by Andrew Harding Andrew Harding Africa correspondent

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  • rate this

    Comment number 15.

    The ANC and Jacob Zuma are a joke. Why on earth do people vote for a party because of events over 15 years ago, time to move on folks and ditch these jokers.

  • rate this

    Comment number 14.

    SA is already a one party state, lead by Zuma a man with the attitudes that will destroy the country. A shower protects you from getting aids, sacrificing animals is ok as its 'tradition', having 20 children is 'tradition' as is makiing sure all those children get good goverment jobs because nepotism also seems to be an african tradition (not just africa of course).
    mr mandela must despair.

  • rate this

    Comment number 13.

    This was predictable in 1994 so I left and went to Canada. The people who voted ANC get what they deserved by being stupid, I am happy I didn't join them.

  • rate this

    Comment number 12.

    It's a recurring theme for people who win their freedom. They tend to loyally support the freedom fighters (or people who claim to be heirs of the freedom fighters) for far to long.

  • rate this

    Comment number 11.

    There are very few third world countries which have good governance. The norm is that one faction is 'elected', lines the pockets of itself and its friends, and is then ousted by the next group of corrupt rulers. Education is the answer, and educated populace would be less likely to vote in virtual dictators.

  • rate this

    Comment number 10.

    The ANC was an organisation that supported and carried out terror attacks on civilians in Sourh Africa. While I am delighted that the apartheid government was unseated and the racism it stood for is gone, the ANC knew nothing of running a country and since then the economy is almost on a par with Zimbabwe's and the corruption is rife. Something must be done to remedy this and soon.

  • rate this

    Comment number 9.

    The question should be: Who created Ficksburg and why?
    We all know it was the racists apartheid regime and their whites only first policy. Today, the Democratic Alliance is pretending to morph itself as the saviour of South Africa.

  • rate this

    Comment number 8.

    The ANC was always part of the problem, never the solution. Terrorist and revolutionary organisations always cause more harm than good to their supporters. And if they gain power they always become totally corrupt, before imploding in violence and retribution.

  • rate this

    Comment number 7.

    At Smart Metro we find that the biggest problem is that municipalities don't have the financial and administrative skills. Over the past 25 years we have found more than a billion rands worth of unbilled and underbilled rates and services at municipalities throughout South Africa. With a clean and unified billing database, they have much more revenue for service delivery and fraud is routed out

  • rate this

    Comment number 6.

    A beautiful country but ruled by a corrupt and self seeking government who care little about the reasons for the founding of the ANC. Government officials are above the law and are even now seeking to extend their powers. The ANC came to power based on democracy but they are abusing it and will trash it and move rapidly to an authoritarian regime. The signs are all there to see.

  • rate this

    Comment number 5.

    The ANC celebrates, the poor who voted for them are still living in squalor, as Andrew observed in Ficksburg. There numerous communities elsewhere in the country that are as bad, if not worse than that. The Eastern Cape, an ANC stronghold, is in a shambles. I cannot see them holding on to power for very much longer. The new crop of matrics will not have jobs, and they are now able to vote.

  • rate this

    Comment number 4.

    The old ANC leaders are gone. They have been replaced by people who are far more concerned about lining their own pockets than serving their people and yet majority of people STILL vote for them!!!

  • rate this

    Comment number 3.

    We are living in Ayn Rand's nightmare world in Atlas Shrugged.

    Our clueless leaders hold onto the power just long enough to empty the coffers, while the system collapses around them. Cronyism and corruption are everywhere. And no-one knows what they are doing. Amateurs. Selfish and stupid; they will eventually run the country into the ground, and the masses support them the whole way. So so sad.

  • rate this

    Comment number 2.

    Corruption is endemic, violent crime is rife, affirmative action has resulted in an exodus of skills, few new jobs have been created, the gap between rich and poor has widened under the ANC and life expectancy continues to fall. What a sad betrayal of our country and all of the many hopes and dreams of 1994.

  • rate this

    Comment number 1.

    “they spend lots of money on things that have nothing to do with service delivery," he says, referring to this weekend's centenary events.” – Exactly!!!



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