Nigeria fury as fuel prices double after subsidy ends


Protesters took the streets in Abuja to vent their anger over the removal of the fuel price subsidy

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Ordinary Nigerians and trade unionists have condemned the government for withdrawing a fuel price subsidy which has led petrol prices to more than double in many areas.

The BBC's Chris Ewokor in the capital, Abuja, says many Nigerians are angry at the announcement, fearing the price of many other goods will also rise.

There have been small protests and the trade unions have called for a strike.

Nigeria is Africa's biggest oil producer, but imports refined petrol.

Years of mismanagement and corruption mean it does not have the capacity to refine oil, turning it into petrol and other fuels.

Analysts say many Nigerians regard cheap fuel as the only benefit they get from the nation's oil wealth.

Nigerian petrol station (02/01/12) Many petrol stations were closed early in the morning, while awaiting the new prices

Several previous governments have tried to remove the subsidy but have backed down in the face of widespread public protests and reduced it instead.

The IMF has long urged Nigeria's government to remove the subsidy, which costs a reported $8bn (£5.2bn) a year.

'Remove corruption, not subsidy'

Our correspondent says that early in the morning, many petrol stations in Abuja were closed as the owners were not sure what price they should charge, but they have since opened.

Nigeria's fuel prices

  • Previous price in petrol stations: $0.40/ litre
  • New price in petrol stations: $0.86
  • Previous black market price: $0.62
  • New black market price: $1.23
  • Annual cost to government of subsidy: $8bn

Prices have increased from 65 naira ($0.40; £0.26) per litre to at least 140 naira in filling stations and from 100 naira to at least 200 on the black market, where many Nigerians buy their fuel.

There are reports that petrol prices have tripled in some remote areas, while commuters have complained that motorcycle and minibus taxi fares have already doubled or tripled.

Some 200 people have gathered in central Abuja, chanting "Remove corruption, not subsidy."

They are being watched by a large contingent of soldiers and armed police.

There are also reports of protests in the main northern city, Kano.

Announcing the end of the subsidy on Sunday, the government urged people not to panic-buy or hoard fuel.

"Consumers are assured of adequate supply of quality products at prices that are competitive and non-exploitative," it said in a statement.

The government recently released a list of the biggest beneficiaries of the subsidy, who include some of Nigeria's richest people - the owners of fuel-importing firms.

Nigeria's two main labour organisations, the Trades Union Congress and the Nigerian Labour Congress, issued a joint statement condemning the move.

"We alert the populace to begin immediate mobilisation towards the D-Day for the commencement of strikes, street demonstrations and mass protests across the country," the statement said.

Nigerians try to sell fuel on the black market during a strike in 2004 Many Nigerians buy their fuel on the black market

"This promises to be a long-drawn battle; we know it is beginning, but we do not know its end or when it will end."

"We are confident the Nigerian people will triumph," it said.

Labour activist John Odah told the BBC's Network Africa programme that, judging from past experience, he doubted that the government would use the money saved by removing the subsidy to help ordinary people.

He said that the subsidy should have been retained until Nigeria's refineries had been brought up to scratch.

"As an oil-producing country, we ought not to be importing fuel in the first place," he said.

He also pointed out that Nigeria does not have many commuter railways, so people have little choice but to use motorcycle and minibus taxis, whose prices are closely linked to the price of petrol.

Fuel smuggling

Nigeria is Africa's biggest oil producer but most of the available 2 million barrels per day are exported in an unrefined state.

The country lacks refineries and infrastructure so has to import refined products such as petrol, which is expensive.

However, with the price of fuel much cheaper in Nigeria than in neighbouring countries, the subsidy led to widespread smuggling.

Nigerians are heavy users of fuel, not just for cars but to power generators that many households and businesses use to cope with the country's erratic electricity supply.

The government finance team led by respected pair central bank governor Lamido Sanusi and Finance Minister Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala have long argued that removing the subsidy would free up money to invest in other sectors and relieve poverty.

IMF head Christine Lagarde recently praised Nigeria's attempts to "transform the economy".

However, correspondents say the measures just announced could add to the difficulties faced by Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan, who declared a state of emergency on Saturday in areas hit by Islamist violence.


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  • rate this

    Comment number 16.

    We the masses lack everything. the only thing that is free in Nigeria is the polluted air we breath. The rulers will again profit from the removal of the fuel subsidy as they will share the proceeds among themselves. I hope the masses will wake up and save themselves from the tyranny of their so called ruler. Examples abound from the Arab Spring.

  • rate this

    Comment number 15.

    Well... Welcome to the REAL WORLD!!!

  • rate this

    Comment number 14.

    yes, a country like Nigeria needs to do what is necessary to specialize in exporting oil. this means a strong infrastructure. however, the Nigerian elite seem to act only to fulfill their own greedy intents. such a government is no good to the people. recovery begins with justice.
    it begins with pubic servants bent upon fulfilling the will of the people.

  • rate this

    Comment number 13.

    Oh boo hoo, I think I may cry, fuel prices doubling from 26p to 52p a litre? Big deal, that's how much it cost in the UK in 1996! Currently we're paying £1.36!

    The only reason you haven't been invaded and "Freed" by the Americans is because you successfully mismanage your country so badly already, that there is no need for the private sector to put in the extra leg work.

  • rate this

    Comment number 12.

    Way to go, BBC. Yet another HYS opened which will entice plenty of patronising comments from westerners

  • rate this

    Comment number 11.

    The Goodluck administration must immediately channel the $8 billion dollars it raises from removal of fuel subsidy into provision of sustainable electricity, pipe borne water, jobs and roads. The removal ought to be phased in to minimise the pain on the masses. A mansion and brand new car tax should also be introduced to show that the economic burden is shared by rich & poor. Long live Nigeria!

  • rate this

    Comment number 10.

    @LA this is not about voting competence or sentiment. By the way I never voted for this guy and I am from the South-South. This is about a confused government whose grasp on major issues is pathetic at best. This is the height of irresponsibility by any government since independence.

  • rate this

    Comment number 9.

    The Nigerian government needs to instruct Shell to build a refining and processing infrastructure and in addition to supplying the local market at cheap prices, export higher value refined products rather than cheap crude to Shell's European and US refineries.

  • rate this

    Comment number 8.

    The government seems to be devoid of any degree political intlligence.

  • rate this

    Comment number 7.

    Nigeria has the potential to be the powerhouse of Africa. Sad to say this will never happen as it is ripped apart by ethnic divides. Many nigerians come to south africa where they are hated as ruthless money grabbing immigrants. Zuma appeara to have done nothing to stem the flow They command the drugs trade and prostitution in johannesburg and have alienated the local population

  • Comment number 6.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • rate this

    Comment number 5.

    Calling government names is one thing but spending $8bn annually (if government figure is true) on petrol subsidies is not sustainable and isnt going to help solve our infrastructural challenges either.
    Change requires we be more participatory as citizens in enshrining systems for ACCOUNTABILITY and good governance in Nigeria. It starts when we vote for competence rather than sentiment!

  • rate this

    Comment number 4.

    Well, If the government is useless the military should take over. because there is no use of a government that can not take control of some wicked illiterates.

  • rate this

    Comment number 3.

    Fury? the government is yet to see fury. If the price of fuel doubles, automatically, the price of living triples.
    Our government will regret taking this action.

    Diesel has been deregulated for over four years now, there's nothing to show for it. Let me stop her.
    We are ready for action.

  • rate this

    Comment number 2.

    .Now you have bitten the bullet by removing the subsidy. We are all watching to see, what you are going to do with the money. You must know that, if the money is stolen or looted or misused, Nigerians will react in a way no one has seen before. Nigerians will do you a Lybia or Egypt or Tunisia.

  • rate this

    Comment number 1.

    A responsible government will know how to phase in any increase like this one. This President chooses to increase it by over 116.9%. That is wickedness. In the midst of insecurity, kidnapping, bombing, astronomical cost of living, huge unemployment,epileptic power supply,degrading infrastructure etc, if all that ails this country can be solved by removing subsidy, then this government is CONFUSED.


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