DR Congo election: Joseph Kabila 're-elected'
President Joseph Kabila has won the Democratic Republic of Congo's election, provisional results show.
He obtained 49% of the vote against 32% for veteran opposition leader Etienne Tshisekedi, the election commission chief said.
Mr Tshisekedi has rejected the results and declared himself president, raising fears of violent protests
The announcement of results has been delayed since Tuesday, with election officials blaming logistical problems.
DR Congo is rich in minerals such as gold, diamond and coltan, which is used in mobile phones. But years of conflict and mismanagement mean it recently came bottom of a survey of living standards around the world.
Riot police are patrolling the streets of the capital, Kinshasa, seen as an opposition stronghold in this country which is still recovering from years of conflict in which some four million people died.
The BBC's Thomas Hubert in Kinshasa says gunfire has been heard near Mr Tshisekedi's house but he says there are no crowds or a large police presence.
The AFP news agency reports protests elsewhere in the city, with stones thrown at riot police and tyres set on fire in the streets in the central Bandale district.
Joseph Kabila now needs to get his victory confirmed by the supreme court, which must certify a final result before the presidential inauguration scheduled for 20 December.
Mr Tshisekedi's party has expressed its mistrust in the court and indicated that it would not pursue legal challenges to the election's result, but other candidates probably will.
Many local and international observers including the European Union and the Carter Center have expressed concern at the reduced transparency in the legal challenge process. Legislation was modified earlier this year to hold electoral hearings behind closed doors and more than 15 judges were appointed just before the election.
In the longer term, Mr Kabila is bound to face legitimacy challenges throughout his new term.
The change from a two-round to a first-past-the-post presidential election, which he promoted in a constitutional amendment earlier this year, succeeded in dividing the opposition.
But this means he is being re-elected with less than 50% of the vote, amid widespread suspicion of electoral fraud, and with very little support in most of the country's western provinces including the capital, Kinshasa.
Many shops and stalls in the city's markets have been closed for most of the week.
"The Independent National Electoral Commission certifies that candidate Kabila Kabange Joseph has obtained the simple majority of votes," said election commission chief Daniel Ngoy Mulunda.
On Thursday, he said the results had been delayed again in order to "assure the credibility" of the numbers.
In the eastern city of Goma, people started to celebrate as soon as the results were announced on national TV and radio, reports the BBC's Joshua Mmali in the city.
Mr Kabila enjoys greater popularity in eastern areas, where his origins lie and where he is credited with helping to end the war.
However, he is less popular in the west, partly because he is not fluent in the local Lingala language and because some see him as representing foreign interests.
Mr Tshisekedi dismissed the result as an "outright provocation to our people".
"I consider myself from this day on as the elected president of the Democratic Republic of Congo," he said in a statement.
Referring to his supporters as "fighters", he said: "I urge you to stick together as one man behind me to face the events that will follow."
Amid fears of a violent reaction to the results, the chief prosecutor at the International Criminal Court this week warned all sides that engaging in electoral violence would not be a ticket to power but a ticket to The Hague.
The results still have to be ratified by the supreme court.International protests
Mr Kabila, 40, has been president since 2001, following the death of his father, Laurent.
In 2006 he won the first elections since the end of a five-year conflict and is now due to be sworn in on 20 December for his second term.
Earlier this year, the constitution was amended so that the candidate with the most votes wins the elections, removing the need for a second round.
Who is Joseph Kabila?
- 40 years old
- Born in a rebel camp in eastern DR Congo - where he enjoys most of his support
- Spent his childhood in Tanzania
- His father, Laurent Kabila, overthrew long-time ruler Mobutu Sese Seko in 1997
- He first became president after his father's assassination in 2001
- Oversaw the signing of a peace accord in 2002 to end a five-year conflict involving several other nations
- Became DR Congo's first freely elected leader in 2006, winning a run-off poll with 58% of the vote
- His campaign slogan was: "Five building sites of the republic"
- Shies away from public speaking
- Is married with one daughter
As well as the presidential race, more than 18,000 candidates contested 500 parliamentary seats.
Mr Tshisekedi, 78, campaigned for multi-party democracy during the years of former leader Mobutu Sese Seko but this was the first time he has contested an election.
His supporters have been protesting in South Africa, Belgium, France and the UK, accusing the international community of backing Mr Kabila.
Four other candidates have said the election should be annulled because of alleged fraud, including pre-marked ballot papers.
Voting material did not arrive in some polling stations for four days after the election was supposed to have been held.
Election officials used helicopters from the UN peacekeeping mission to deliver material to remote parts of the country, which is two-thirds the size of Western Europe but with hardly any paved roads or railways.
But the African Union and four other African observer missions said the polls had been "successful" and urged both sides to show restraint.
The European Union observer mission said its preliminary findings showed that the polls were marred by "numerous irregularities, sometimes serious".
Several thousand people last weekend fled Kinshasa for neighbouring Congo-Brazzaville as fears grew that violence would escalate once completed results are published.