Condition of Somali refugees in Kenya worsening

 
A Somali refugee girl at Dadaab, Kenya, 30 July 2011 Doctors say there's a scramble to bring in staff and equipment to treat new arrivals

An armed escort is recommended for the last few hours of the dusty drive up to the southern Somali border town of Dobley.

But the only direct challenge we encountered on the rutted track came from a pack of 12 wild dogs that briefly blocked our path, and then lazily chased our small convoy for a few hundred metres.

We had hoped to cross into Somalia from Kenya. The area was recently captured from the Islamist militant group al-Shabab by the western-backed Transitional Federal Government.

But the Kenyan authorities at the border - whether because of new security concerns or some local tussle we never found out - refused to let us proceed.

Instead, we drove back to Dadaab - a shabby, blink-and-you'd-miss-it village now surrounded by the vast, resolutely temporary camps that make up the world's largest refugee settlement.

At dawn, the new arrivals gathered outside the UN reception centre. More than 1,200 today - a rate that hasn't dipped in weeks.

They sat, quietly, in family groups, surrounded by their empty water cans and barely any belongings - tough people, with no sense of entitlement or outrage.

Nineteen-year-old Isha Osman sat alone, breastfeeding the only one of her three children to survive the journey. Her baby looked sick, and staff quickly came from the UN compound to escort her inside.

The scenes and stories of hardship here have been well documented over the past few weeks. All I can add is that little seems to have changed. "No rain, and too much fighting," was how one woman, holding another feverish child, summed it up.

But one thing is different. The condition of those arriving here is deteriorating, and as the Dadaab camps become even more absurdly overcrowded some children are falling ill yet again, weeks after settling here.

At the International Rescue Committee (IRC) hospital Dr Milhia Kader told me how quick and relatively simple it was to save an acutely malnourished child. Two weeks ago she said four new urgent cases arrived each day. Now that figure has doubled.

"It's getting worse," she said. "More children are dying." The problem isn't so much a lack of food or money now; it's more about time and logistics - a scramble to bring in enough medical staff and equipment to cope with the sheer number of new arrivals.

Around us, 28 children - some of them agonisingly thin - shared 15 beds.

"Aid should be in Somalia… By the time they're coming here it is really late. For some it is too late because they're dying on the way. So I really agree that something should be done in Somalia," said Dr Milhia.

And lingering behind the urgency and misery is a nagging question - which the Kenyan government is particularly keen to raise. Will these tens of thousands of Somalis ever go home?

"No," was the emphatic answer from several refugees I spoke to who had been at the camp for more than a month and who, while bored and saddened by their plight, placed greater emphasis on the security, free food and education offered at Dadaab.

After 20 years of war, it's hardly surprising that so many Somalis are ready to turn their backs on home. But showing me round the camp was a resolutely optimistic 25-year-old called Osman Abdi Bare, who arrived here with his mother in 1991 and has lived here ever since.

"I am heartbroken when I see all this," he said, surveying the new intake like a kindly prefect at a particularly rough boarding school. "But one of these days we'll all go back. We'll take part in the reconstruction of Somalia… In the near future everything will go back to normal and we'll be citizens in our own country."

 
Andrew Harding Article written by Andrew Harding Andrew Harding Africa correspondent

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  • rate this
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    Comment number 21.

    In Kenya, some Somalian families have been forced to become beggars for food from neighbours. Crisis is a measure of chaos in the camp, which was built to house 90,000 but where there are now 390,000. More than 1,300 a day are still streaming over the border."Prasant Naik, Head of Save The Children in Kenya says Kenya needs to do better than pushing them out to live in the bush.

  • rate this
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    Comment number 20.

    Staff working for Médecins Sans Frontières report growing numbers of Somali children are becoming more ill & malnourished after reaching the Dadaab Refugee Camp, . Unni Karunakara, MSF's International President, blames Kenyan bureaucracy. Somalis arriving in Dadaab are not eligible for full food packages until Kenya officially recognizes them as refugees, which is taking "eight to 10 weeks".

  • rate this
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    Comment number 19.

    I would like to help the Somali refuggees and the malnourished in Kenya. Is there any way/mechanism to volunteer (I have never done this)? What kind of help is most useful for these people, perhaps those already assisting can comment from experience?

  • rate this
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    Comment number 18.

    I hope a more permanent solution will be found for these starving people. Maybe, analyse ways of irrigation, digging wells, etc. We Kenyans can do it. I don't think we need external help.

  • rate this
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    Comment number 17.

    Ultimate solution is re-implementation of traditional African food. In Ethiopia, govt is selling hundreds of thousands of hectares of land to Saudi Arabia & India. So one of the poorest countries in the world is reducing its land & future produce.
    Why?
    To feed the millions of people in Saudi Arabia & India. Does this make sense?

  • rate this
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    Comment number 16.

    AU offensive, launched Thursday, is designed to widen the space for delivery of humanitarian aid. Last week, UN World Food Program began an emergency airlift of food into Mogadishu. UN has said some 3.7 million Somalis are in need of emergency assistance. 4 Ugandan soldiers have been killed, at least one of the troops' bodies was dragged through the streets.

  • rate this
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    Comment number 15.

    AU troops remain on the offensive in Somalia; they are trying to ease the flow of food aid. Spokesperson for the AU peacekeeping force, Paddy Akunda, says troops are trying to capture a Mogadishu football stadium & other key areas controlled by militant group al-Shabab.
    Al-Shabab has denied a famine is taking place & banned many aid groups from operating in southern & central Somalia.

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 14.

    WFP says Somalia is epicenter of drought, which is also impacting millions in Kenya, Ethiopia, & other countries. Drought has forced thousands of Somalis to flee their homes in search of food & water. Many have gone to camps in Mogadishu, while most have fled to refugee camps in Kenya or Ethiopia. Red Cross said it's distributing food to 162,000 people in central & southern Somalia.

  • Comment number 13.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • rate this
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    Comment number 12.

    Of course all African leaders are corrupt. Western governments just have to support the least corrupt, and tolerate their theft of a proportion of aid money.
    But Al Shebab have Al-Queda links, who fund terrorist atrocities in all 14 EU states plus the US. No doubt the TGF have not distributed all aid and will keep a proportion back for themselves. But Al Shebab prevent all aid deliveries.

  • rate this
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    Comment number 11.

    Famine is not only in Somalia but in every African town. See the cause of famine in Africa. not Al shaab. http://mycontinent.co/Famine.php

  • rate this
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    Comment number 10.

    Situation must be unimaginable. This is 4th year of continued drought. As I said, people depend on livestock and agriculture; all of their livestock, or most of it, has died. For this reason, people's lives now depend on international organizations. So far, these organizations do not seem to have made a serious, ongoing plan to help these refugees. I have to wonder what is really going on...

  • rate this
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    Comment number 9.

    Why do starving, weak Somalians have to trek to Kenya at all. US already has a CIA presence in Somalia, perhaps even troops on the ground. In truth, there are many justifications. International organizations claim security conditions, shortage of funding. However, Somalians have commented there is aid sitting in storage in Mogadishu while people are dying of hunger inside Mogadishu.

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 8.

    If Alshebab had an ounce of humanity, surely they would stay away from these refugee camps and let the Aid agency do their work unhindered in any way .

  • rate this
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    Comment number 7.

    Deutsche Welle:
    "The extension came as Somali government forces and African Union troops battled insurgents in the capital Mogadishu in efforts to secure aid routes for drought and famine victims, a day after UN forces delivered an initial 10 tons of emergency food aid."

    The TFG is internationally recognized. Surely Al-Shebab should leave the city so this multi-national rescue can succeed.

  • rate this
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    Comment number 6.

    Deutsche Welle says:
    "The European Union has vowed to continue training Somali security forces, as African Union soldiers battle insurgents to clear the way for United Nations emergency food aid."
    Soldiers from 14 EU states are involved.

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 5.

    Blubesberry, please quit with your idiotic propoganda!

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 4.

    For God's sake. Aid by sea into Mogadishu stopped in 2008 because of piracy.
    Al-Shabab had an armed camp 4 miles from Mogadishu airport, endangering aid aircraft, and this was destroyed recently by the TFG. Killings by Al-Shebab of Somalians trying to fleed the country to refugee camps are widely reported.
    All you care about is rewriting Somalian history to whip up Al-Shebab to oust the TFG.

  • rate this
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    Comment number 3.

    Heavy bombardment by the African Union forces [AMISOM] in different districts of Somalia capital, Mogadishu. Shelling began Thursday - following heavy gun battle between the Transitional Govt forces, backed by AMISOM and Al-Shabab rebels. Daynile Hospital received several other wounded people.
    Who's doing what so that weak, starving Somalians do not have to trek to Kenya or Ethiopia?

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 2.

    A spokesperson praised Al-Shabab fighters who managed to shoot the military advisor as he warned the other military gents involving in Somalia matters will be targeted. First time Al-Shabab claims the assassination of US senior military advisor in Somalia.
    Are the Americans (and allies) doing something covert in Somalia?

 

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