State-run radio and TV, operated by the ZNBC, are on the air alongside private broadcasters.
Freedom of speech is guaranteed in the constitution, but journalists can face legal harassment and physical intimidation, says US-based Freedom House. Journalists commonly practice self-censorship, it adds.
Relays of BBC World Service (98.1 FM in Lusaka and Kitwe) and Radio France Internationale are on the air. Multichannel pay-TV is available.
There were more than 882,000 internet users by December 2011 (Internetworldstats.com). The government does not restrict internet access.
- Zambia Daily Mail - state-owned
- Times of Zambia - state-owned
- The Post - private
- Sunday Times of Zambia - state-owned
- Zambia National Broadcasting Corporation (ZNBC) - state-run radio operates three services; multilingual Radio 1 and English-language Radio 2 and Radio 4
- QFM - private Lusaka music station
- Radio Phoenix - private
- Radio Icengelo - church-owned
- Breeze FM - private station in Chipata
- Yatsani Radio - Catholic station
- Radio Choice - private station in Lusaka