The government of former President Ben Ali tightly controlled the press and broadcasting. But since the 2011 popular revolt, many journalists have enjoyed new-found freedoms.
The number of radio and TV channels and print publications has increased, as has their freedom to report and debate political and social issues.
State TV - which had toed the government line - has changed tack, giving airtime to the former opposition.
However, some journalists say the network of editors and censors set up under Mr Ben Ali remains in place.
The state broadcaster operates two national TV channels and several radio networks. Egyptian, French and pan-Arab satellite TVs command large audiences.
Tunisia has one of the most developed telecommunications infrastructures in North Africa, with a high mobile penetration rate and low broadband prices.
There were more than 3.8 million internet users by December 2011 - 36% of the population (Internetworldstats.com). The extensive use of social media during the January 2011 protests prompted some commentators to describe the events as a "Facebook victory" and a "Twitter revolution".
Pervasive internet filtering ended with the fall of Mr Ben Ali. A few months later, however, officials ordered the blocking of four Facebook pages set up by cyber activists. Courts have ordered the Tunisian Internet Agency to ban access to pornographic sites.
La Presse - state-owned daily
Esshafa - state-owned daily
Assabah - privately-owned daily
Alchourouk - privately-owned daily
Le Temps - privately-owned daily
National Tunisian TV - state-run
Hannibal TV - private, via satellite and terrestrially
Tunisian Radio - state-run
Radio Mosaique FM - private
Jawhara FM - private
Zitouna FM - Islamic
Agence Tunis Afrique Presse - state-run, English-language pages
Tunisia Live - news website, in English