Television is the most popular medium in towns and cities, with state-run TVM, the only national network, and private STV topping the ratings. Portuguese state TV's African service, RTP Africa, and Brazilian-owned TV Miramar are widely-watched.
State-run Antena Nacional radio is a key source of news. Private FM stations operate in most towns. BBC World Service broadcasts to Maputo (95.5 FM), Beira (88.5 FM), Xai Xai (100.9 FM), Nampula (88.3 FM) and Quelimane (95.3 FM).
Dozens of community radio and TV stations are funded by the government and Unesco. Print titles have little influence in the countryside because of high levels of illiteracy.
The constitution protects media freedom, but criminal libel laws deter total freedom of expression. The opposition says it receives inadequate coverage in the state media.
US-based Freedom House says privately-owned media face "sustainability issues" because of the state's dominance over advertising.
By June 2012, more than one million Mozambicans were using the internet (Internetworldstats.com).
- Noticias - main daily, has government shareholding
- Diario de Mocambique - private, daily
- O Pais - private, daily
- Savana - private, weekly
- Canal de Mocambique - private, weekly
- Radio Mozambique - state-run, operates national Antena Nacional network and provincial and local channels in Portuguese, English and many indigenous languages
- Radio Cidade - state-run, youth-oriented FM network
- Radio Miramar - private
- 99 FM - private
- Radio-Televisao Klint (RTK) - private
- Radio Maria Mozambique - Roman Catholic