Mauritania has one of the most open media environments of the Maghreb region. Broadcasting has been opened up to private operators and there is relatively little government interference in media activities.
"Media laws are the best in the sub-region and press freedom is satisfactory," says Reporters Without Borders. The watchdog adds that sensationalist newspapers, called "peshmergas", dominate the print media.
US-based Freedom House reports that privately-owned newspapers face closure for publishing material deemed offensive to Islam or threatening to the state.
State institutions hold shares in Television de Mauritanie (TVM) and Radio Mauritanie.
The BBC is available on FM in the capital (106.9) and in the second city, Nouadhibou (102.4). Radio France Internationale is also relayed.
There are at least 30 daily or weekly publications. Newspapers suffer from limited advertising, a poor distribution network and the growth of online media.
Internet access is unrestricted. There were more than 151,000 users by June 2012 (Internetworldstats.com) - around 4.5% of the population. There are 106,200 Facebook users, according to a Dubai School of Government report.
Recent years have seen a growth in the number of internet-based news agencies and news portals.
- Chaab - state-run daily, in Arabic
- Horizons - state-run daily, in French
- Akhbar Nouakchott - private, Arabic daily
- Nouakchott Info - private, French-language daily
- Television de Mauritanie (TVM) - state-run, operates MTV and MTV 2 Plus, programmes in Arabic and French
- Sahel TV - private
- Al-Mourabitoun TV - private, Islamist-oriented
- Chinguett TV - private
- Radio Mauritanie - state-run, programmes in Arabic and French; also operates youth network and Koran network
- Sahara Media FM - private
- Mauritanid FM - private