Mauritania profile

Women draw water from a well Much of Mauritania is short of water
  • Full name: The Islamic Republic of Mauritania
  • Population: 3.6 million (UN, 2012)
  • Capital: Nouakchott
  • Area: 1.04 million sq km (398,000 sq miles)
  • Major languages: Arabic (official), French, others
  • Major religion: Islam
  • Life expectancy: 57 years (men), 61 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 ouguiya = 5 khoums
  • Main exports: Fish and fish products, iron ore, gold
  • GNI per capita: US $1030 (World Bank, 2011)
  • Internet domain: .mr
  • International dialling code: +222

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