Chad profile

Man buys fruit from female fruitseller in a Chad marketplace Decades of violent conflict and corruption have left Chad one of Africa's most impoverished countries
  • Full name: The Republic of Chad
  • Population: 11.8 million (UN, 2012)
  • Capital: N'Djamena
  • Area: 1.28 million sq km (495,800 sq miles)
  • Major languages: French, Arabic
  • Major religions: Islam, Christianity
  • Life expectancy: 49 years (men), 52 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 CFA (Communaute Financiere Africaine) franc = 100 centimes
  • Main exports: Cotton, oil, livestock, textiles
  • GNI per capita: US $720 (World Bank, 2011)
  • Internet domain: .td
  • International dialling code: +235

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