Burkina Faso profile - Timeline
- 18 November 2014
- From the section Africa
A chronology of key events :
1896 - Kingdoms now making up Burkina Faso become a French protectorate.
1919 - Upper Volta becomes separate constituent territory of French West Africa.
1958 - Upper Volta becomes autonomous republic within the French Community.
1960 - Upper Volta becomes independent with Maurice Yameogo as president.
1966 - Yameogo toppled in a military coup led by Sangoule Lamizana following unrest over a government austerity programme.
1970 - New constitution approved in a national referendum allows Lamizana to remain in power until 1975, when he was due to be replaced by an elected president; Gerard Ouedraogo appointed prime minister.
1974 - President Lamizana re-asserts authority by ousting Prime Minister Ouedraogo and dissolving parliament.
1977 - New multi-party constitution promulgated, allowing President Lamizana to remain in office. He wins 1978 presidential election.
1980 - President Lamizana is ousted in coup led by Saye Zerbo.
1982 - Saye Zerbo is overthrown in a coup led by Jean-Baptiste Ouedraogo following industrial unrest.
1983 - Capt Thomas Sankara takes power from Mr Ouedraogo in an internal power struggle. He adopts radical left-wing policies.
1984 - Upper Volta renamed Burkina Faso.
1987 - Thomas Sankara ousted and killed in a coup led by his close aide, Blaise Compaore.
1990 - Compaore introduces limited democratic reforms.
1991 - Compaore re-elected without opposition under a new constitution.
Return to democracy
1992 - Compaore's Organisation for Popular Democracy-Labour Movement wins a majority of seats in the first multi-party parliamentary elections since 1978.
1998 - Compaore wins presidential election by a landslide.
1999 June - General strike over economic grievances and alleged human rights violations.
1999 August - State-owned mining company Soremib announces the closure of the country's biggest gold mine.
2000 December - Government agrees to set up UN-run body to monitor weapons imports after allegations that it has been involved in smuggling arms to rebels in Sierra Leone and Angola.
2004 April - Military tribunal tries 13 people accused of plotting coup against President Compaore in October 2003. Army captain Luther Ouali jailed for 10 years for masterminding plot.
2005 November - President Compaore wins a third straight term in office.
2006 December - Burkina Faso postpones a regional economic summit after deadly gun battles between police and soldiers in the capital.
2007 May - The ruling party wins a majority in parliamentary polls.
2008 April - Two-day general strike follows weeks of protests about high living costs and call for wage increases.
2009 April - Parliament passes a law requiring at least 30% of candidates put forward for election by political parties to be women.
2010 July - France, US issue travel warnings, citing the possibility of kidnappings by al-Qaeda operatives.
2010 November - Gold mine officially opened. Premier Tertius Zongo says it will earn substantial revenue for the country.
Presidential elections. President Compaore gains another term in office.
2011 March - Weeks of violent protests follow the death of a student in police custody.
2011 April - Soldiers, presidential guards mutiny over unpaid allowances. Thousands of people protest over food prices.
2011 July - Seven people are killed when government forces suppress mutiny in Burkina Faso's second city, Bobo Dioulasso.
2012 January - President Compaore sacks head of Burkina Faso's customs service, Ousmane Guiro, following the seizure of nearly $4m in two large suitcases traced by police to Mr Guiro.
2012 November - President Compaore mediates talks to resolve the crisis in Mali, where Islamists have taken control of the north.
2013 April - International Court of Justice in The Hague settles a decades-old border dispute between Niger and Burkina Faso.
2013 July - Thousands of demonstrators take to the streets over plans to create a Senate. Opposition leaders say the move will allow President Compaore to extend his rule.
2014 January - Demonstrators across the country oppose possible plans by President Compaore to prolong his rule.
Defectors from the ruling party found a new political movement to challenge the president.
2014 October - More mass protests against proposed constitutional changes to allow the president another five years in power turn into a mass uprising that drives President Compaore from office.
Military takes charge in move condemned by opposition, civil society groups, United States and African Union.
2014 November - Agreement reached on a framework for a transitional government to run the country until elections proposed for the end of next year. Political and military leaders choose former Foreign Minister Michel Kafando as interim president.