Ivory Coast clashes kill 173, says UN

UN peacekeepers patrol street in Abidjan, 22 Dec 10 UN forces in Abidjan are struggling to contain the escalating crisis

Post-election violence has claimed 173 lives in Ivory Coast, the UN says, as international pressure mounts for Laurent Gbagbo to quit the presidency.

The US says it is exploring ways to strengthen the UN presence in Ivory Coast, where Mr Gbagbo's forces are in a tense stand-off with supporters of his rival, Alassane Ouattara.

Liberian mercenaries are helping Mr Gbagbo's troops, the UN has confirmed.

The UN's rights council ordered an official inquiry into the violence.

After a special meeting in Geneva, the council issued a statement condemning violations including "abductions, enforced or involuntary disappearances, arbitrary detentions, extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions, acts of sexual violence, denial of right to peaceful assembly, the loss of lives and the acts of destruction of property".

The BBC's Imogen Foulkes in Geneva says the commission's unanimous stand will increase pressure on Mr Gbagbo to step down and for the UN to remain in Ivory Coast.

Divided country

The UN and world powers have recognised Mr Ouattara as the new president.

Mr Ouattara's supporters have called on the International Criminal Court to prosecute any crimes committed by Mr Gbagbo's associates.

Eyewitness

Few journalists have had access to the hotel where Alassane Ouattara set up his makeshift HQ three weeks ago.

A UN helicopter flew some of us over the lagoon to land in the garden, next to the tents for UN peacekeepers which guard the hotel.

The lobby was busy with a few dozen stranded supporters - many of them wearing white T-shirts from Mr Ouattara's electoral campaign. "It's not too bad, we're getting food," one says.

With access to the hotel being denied - even for most UN convoys - food and supplies are often airlifted in.

The cabinet says it is at work. A long table has been arranged in a big air-conditioned tent and about two dozen computers are available for Mr Ouattara's staff.

His men are up and running as if they were already in charge.

Mr Ouattara and his supporters are holed up in the Golf Hotel in Abidjan, protected by 800 UN peacekeepers.

A US government specialist on Africa told the BBC's World Today programme that various options for defusing the crisis were being considered, and "we're really trying to avoid violence if at all possible".

Senior US official William Fitzgerald said the fact that African countries had called for the special UN human rights meeting was "pretty telling about how unified the Africans are and the pressure that this will continue to put on President Gbagbo - or former President Gbagbo, I should say".

Mr Gbagbo says the vote on 28 November, meant to unify a country split by war in 2002, was rigged in rebel areas that backed Mr Ouattara.

The country's Independent Electoral Commission ruled that Mr Ouattara had won, a decision later certified by the UN. The country's Constitutional Council said Mr Gbagbo had been elected, citing vote-rigging in some areas.

France, the former colonial power, says its 15,000 nationals should leave the country as a "precaution".

Neighbours alarmed

The UN has a 9,000-strong peacekeeping force in Ivory Coast, called Unoci, and its mandate has been extended for another six months.

Map

The West African regional grouping Ecowas will hold a special summit in Nigeria's capital Abuja on Friday to consider how to remove Mr Gbagbo from power, Mr Fitzgerald said.

Ecowas sent Nigerian-led forces to help bring peace to Liberia and Sierra Leone in the 1990s.

The Ivorian election, delayed for five years, was supposed to reunite the world's largest cocoa producer, which was split between the government-controlled south and rebel-controlled north in the 2002 conflict.

Former rebel commander Guillaume Soro has been appointed prime minister by Mr Ouattara.

Mr Soro called for the international community to use force to oust Mr Gbagbo.

"The Ivorians cannot engage in talks with a dictator," he said.

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