Petraeus' downfall - a modern morality tale

General David Petraeus

The fall of David Petraeus, director of the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and the general who successfully commanded America's troop surge in Iraq during 2007-8 is a modern morality tale, even if it did arise from one of the most ancient human failings, marital infidelity.

There are many things about it that have attracted comment from US columnists to the blogosphere: that he oversaw such controversial and costly wars but should ultimately fall on a matter of personal behaviour; that President Barack Obama was not apparently informed until election day that Gen Petraeus was under investigation by the FBI; and that the issue is now drawing in more people, including General John Allen, who replaced Gen Petraeus as the commander of Nato forces in Afghanistan.

Lt Gen Sir Graeme Lamb says General Petraeus actions were 'inappropriate' and 'disappointing'

The inquiry resulted from complaints by a woman that she had received threatening e-mails from Paula Broadwell, Gen Petraeus' biographer and for several months apparently also his lover. The FBI investigation is now moving on to issues such as whether the author had unauthorised access to classified material.

Some have written of the general's vanity, suggesting he liked to be surrounded by admiring staffers, academics and indeed journalists.

Meeting Ms Broadwell

Having met and interviewed him several times, I can certainly confirm that he took particular care of his image (for example preferring to be filmed favouring the patch on his right shoulder - the combat one of the 101st Airborne Division, which he commanded during the 2003 invasion of Iraq), and that lately his staff tried hard to discourage challenging lines of questioning, whereas during our earlier meetings he had proven more than happy to tackle whatever we threw at him.

David Petraeus and Paula Broadwell Gen Petraeus and Ms Broadwell became close as she wrote his autobiography

It was during one of these later meetings with Gen Petraeus that he introduced me to Mrs Broadwell, who at that time was working on her book about him and with whom, it emerged last week, he was having an affair.

I will not pretend that I had any great presentiment or intuition about what was going on, but did note that during our off-camera conversations, he and I reflected in a humorous way on the ageing process and how it played out in men.

Gen Petraeus had gone through cancer treatment in 2009 and it is in this context that a friend of his, a fellow general, sought to explain to me today what had happened:

"Almost everyone considered him to be immortal, but he had been shaken by the cancer business and continually deployed for five-and-a-half years."

The same officer concluded that while his friend was right to offer his resignation once the extramarital affair with Ms Broadwell had come to light, that "the president shouldn't have accepted it".

Some reports today suggest that the CIA director did not even himself feel it was a resigning matter, but was persuaded to write the letter by the Director of National Intelligence, James Clapper.

The head of the wider US intelligence community apparently felt it would not be possible for Gen Petraeus to discipline CIA staff accused of marital indiscretions, if he had shown himself fallible in the same regard.

Gen McChrystal's resignation

General Stan McChrystal, Gen Petraeus' predecessor as Nato commander in Kabul, also suffered a public fall from grace in 2010, stepping down after staff members were quoted by Rolling Stone magazine being critical about the Obama administration.

Some used a similar formula at the time, about the president not needing to accept a tendered resignation.

General Stanley McChrystal Gen McChrystal was eventually cleared of wrongdoing over a magazine article

Both generals had been lionised in the US press and in Congress, particularly for reversing the slide to civil war in Iraq.

It is also true to say that many of the commanders, including British as well as American, whom I have spoken to in Iraq and Afghanistan were completely in awe of these two men and their abilities.

As for what they achieved in their attempt to replicate the success of the Iraq surge in Afghanistan, that is a different matter, for many now consider it to have failed.

That two commanders who wielded power of life and death over so many, and were widely praised as soldier-scholars, should fall on issues of PR and an affair is itself a stark measure of the degree to which personal failings that might once have been kept private can now be the decisive factors in professional ruin.

And how serious are the charges that led to their fall? The FBI cleared the CIA boss of any involvement with sending threatening emails, even if he still has serious issues to address with his wife Holly Petraeus.

And an inquiry into Gen McChrystal's conduct towards the Rolling Stone reporter exonerated him of any misconduct.

Some once talked of Gen Petraeus - his physical fitness, charging intellect, and devotion to duty in almost super-human terms. Ultimately though he has proven himself all too fallible.

Mark Urban, Diplomatic and defence editor, Newsnight Article written by Mark Urban Mark Urban Diplomatic and defence editor, BBC Newsnight

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Petraeus Affair


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  • rate this

    Comment number 25.

    Why was/is the press content to be deceived and mislead about the attacks in Benghazi, yet the media is all over whatever it’s being fed about the Petraeus affair? Horrible journalism.

  • rate this

    Comment number 24.

    The thing that I immediately found interesting was not so much the affair, but the alleged content of the emails that were sent by Broadwell. Her socio-economic status and intelligence would suggest that she is not much different than a Jerry Springer guest (claws out stay away from my man or else behavior).

  • rate this

    Comment number 23.

    Two West Point graduates centre stage of this sad human drama....I understand as a cadet of this fine institution it is instilled in them that honourable people never lie, cheat or steal or tolerate those that do. I am sure the current generation at West Point are rightly confused reconciling this creed with the actions of these individuals who had pledged to live their lives by these words.

  • rate this

    Comment number 22.

    Why would any of these dudes need a "biographer"? Because they contribute a lot to the society and/or humanity??? Pfu!
    Or well, biographer must be a neologism for escort service?!
    May I have a biographer, please? Ideally not older than 30, intelligent female one!

  • rate this

    Comment number 21.

    Morality Tale.........we live in an age when immoral bankers can freely bring the world to its knees ( and even get a performance bonus), but sex is off limits.

    What is the Morality Tale again?

  • rate this

    Comment number 20.

    The majic wand of time will cleans him of this problem( US has a collective meory of a nanosecend) . Gen. Petraeus will be running for Pres. under the Republican banner

  • rate this

    Comment number 19.

    Has President Obama thrown General Petraeus under a bus?

    Is CIA spokeswoman Jennifer Youngblood hinting/implying that someone outside the CIA overruled CIA operatives?

  • rate this

    Comment number 18.

    I wonder if what Petraeus testifies (or doesn't) about Benghazi will reveal the cause of his resignation due to his affair. And we thought Sandy was a coincidence. Petraeus’ timing (to be "devastated") is uncanny.

  • rate this

    Comment number 17.

    Petraeus' downfall - a modern morality tale...or a modern fairytale?
    I have never heard about any political person of importance losing his/her position because s/he does that rather off-limits thing called sex outside the marriage bond. Further, I have never heard of this fact coming to light by the FBI investigating the CIA; so, tell me a story, but this time we all won't go to bed.

  • rate this

    Comment number 16.

    I really don't care who sleeps with who. As long as it doesn't influence important decisions.
    FYO, Hitler had some mistresses too. And it seems that his sexuality and repression of some sexual impulses etc had also something to do with all his other actions.
    I just stated a fact, and said it was scary to think that so much is at stake on a few seconds of orgasm. Men are easily driven.

  • rate this

    Comment number 15.

    Lots of successful men are driven in part because of the sexual perks that come with success - So what, as long as it doesn't stop them doing a good job? Would you rather foresake the JFKs and MLKs, and only follow asexual weirdos like Hitler?
    The FBI should investigate a potential security issue, but as there isn't one, why are they still involved?

  • rate this

    Comment number 14.

    It has also come out on the American Broadcasting Company that House Majority Leader Eric Cantor knew about the affair in October, learning about it on a Saturday. Because it came from a single source, and Hurricane Sandy struck the following week, he felt it was unnecessary to pass the info to the GOP

  • rate this

    Comment number 13.

    When you look at history, it is often the case that men in charge of whole nations and wars are more often driven by their dicks and the women behind who hold those dicks! It's really scary and pathetic. When you think so much is at stake just for a few seconds of orgasm! Yes, indeed it was poor judgment on his part, and he shouldn't be in charge. Complete idiot.

  • rate this

    Comment number 12.

    On the information only coming out now, the FBI did need more than five minutes to run down the allegations of threats. The Senate Intel Committee Chair Diane Feinstein complained she was not informed of the investigation. She and the President could not be informed until the FBI had information. Conspiracy nut are already spinning this as election related, without information themselves.

  • rate this

    Comment number 11.

    @6 Sex isn't the issue. Potential blackmail &/or security leaks are the issue. The Soviets understood that sex could unlock a lot of secrets.

  • rate this

    Comment number 10.

    @1: Yes, cut the CIA because it is in the USA's national interest to not know what other countries are up to.
    @ the others: Actually, adultery is a crime under the UCMJ. Adultery, whether criminal or not, can be used as a lever against a person who is in fear his family will find out. So is conduct unbecoming, disobeying orders, conspiracy (to commit adultery), &c. Can't enforce the rules he bent

  • rate this

    Comment number 9.

    I understand FBI interest in anything that could compromise the CIA head (though, it is strange other senior intelligence figures weren't informed). I don't understand the complete lack of discretion. Why have details of the private correspondence of a senior serving commander been made public without any real suggestion that a crime has taken place? Is that serving the national security interest?

  • rate this

    Comment number 8.

    Who care about whom people frolic with in private lives?

    But this story reveals, I think, something else - a culture of sloppiness at the heart of the US defence and security. The same type of sloppiness that left the ambassador to Libya exposed and at risk.

    Which is scary.

  • rate this

    Comment number 7.

    This story does not add up. The facts do not match the size of the scandal. Mr Petraeus was a civilian then, so the affair was not illegal. He was not a covert agent or operative, but an administrator. Such matters, alone, usually do not result in immediate sacking. There must be more.

  • rate this

    Comment number 6.

    A man & a woman had sex!


    Whatever next?


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