500m children 'at risk of effects of malnutrition'

A volunteer weighs a malnourished child at the Apanalay center in Mumbai, India (Jan 11, 2012) Food price rises could undo work to reduce child malnutrition, Save the Children warns

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Half a billion children could grow up physically and mentally stunted over the next 15 years because they do not have enough to eat, the charity Save the Children says in a new report.

It says much more needs to be done to tackle malnutrition in the world's poorest countries.

The charity found that many families could not afford meat, milk or vegetables.

The survey covered families in India, Bangladesh, Peru, Pakistan and Nigeria.

One parent in six said their children were abandoning school to help out by working for food.

A third of parents surveyed said their children complained about not having enough to eat.

The survey was carried out in the five countries - where, the agency says, half the world's malnourished children live - by international polling agency Globescan.

Start Quote

I skip meals so I can feed my [surviving] children. I borrow, I even lie to somehow get money to feed them. Poverty breaks you down but you should be hopeful and strong”

End Quote Delhi mother who lost two children to malnutrition
Record food prices

Save the Children said that a year of record food prices had worsened child malnutrition and could hit progress reducing child deaths.

"The world has made dramatic progress in reducing child deaths, down from 12 to 7.6 million, but this momentum will stall if we fail to tackle malnutrition," said Save the Children chief executive Justin Forsyth.

The agency wants the UK to lead the way in reducing hunger and protecting children from food price rises - starting with a Hunger Summit when world leaders are in London for the Olympics.

The UK's International Development Secretary, Andrew Mitchell, said the charity was right to focus on hunger and malnutrition, and Britain would "continue to urge other countries to match our own efforts in this area".

In its report, Save the Children says that one in four of the world's children have stunted growth - meaning their body and brain have failed to develop properly due to malnutrition.

Eighty percent of stunted children live in just four countries, the charity says.

'Downward spiral'

Malnutrition contributes to the deaths of 2.6 million children each year, according to the report.

Assumpta Ndumi, a nutritionist who works with Save the Children in Kenya, told the BBC's Network Africa programme that successive droughts are causing a downward spiral there:

Justin Forsyth, Save the Children UK's CEO, wants a global 'hunger summit'

"When another drought comes and livelihood assets are destroyed it becomes worse for families to be able to feed their children.

"Milk is very important for families in north-eastern Kenya, so when livestock is lost they basically have no access to a protein source.

"We need to address the hidden hunger because it's killing silently."

Food prices rose sharply in the first half of last year, according to the UN's Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), after severe weather in some of the world's biggest food exporting countries in 2010 damaged supplies.

The FAO's Food Price Index rose last month for the first time since July 2011, but was still 7% lower than in January 2011.


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  • rate this

    Comment number 333.

    The problem of hunger is bound to increase as the economic crisis continues. But let's not forget that children are going hungry in India and Pakistan and elsewhere not because of western greed, western banks, etc., but because politicians in those countries prefer to divert resources to the military, to prestige projects, and often to their own pockets. Local reform is needed.

  • rate this

    Comment number 53.

    It should not be about what you can afford. This is a global problem and not the problem of countries in isolation. We are now being held to ransom by investors as well as banks (and politicians). There is enough money and enough food in the world to ensure that everyone gets fed and has an equal share. It’s time to start building a fairer economic system. This one is not fit for purpose.

  • rate this

    Comment number 36.

    The primary reason for hunger getting sharply worse over the past two years is simply the legal requirement have bio fuel mixed with oil, resulting in foodstuffs and food-growing land being used to 'grow' bio-diesel for developed countries. The immediate solution is simple, ban the use of foodstuffs and food-growing land from being used for bio-diesel! This scenario was predicted in 2005.

  • rate this

    Comment number 26.

    Has anyone thought of this happening here? I struggle to feed my family each week due to rip off prices whilst supermarkets make HUGE profits. And if anyone doesn't think foods gone up then how about this Corned Beef from 80p to £2 in about three years whilst my wages have not moved!

  • rate this

    Comment number 25.

    The free market has its unfortunate side effects. However remember that the system is the best way for people to maximise their profits and has the pretence of great efficiency, as long as you can afford it. You must also remember that poor people provide cheap labour to make your trainers.. Cutting the population will reduce profits and also increase the price of your goods further. Wake up


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