Organ donation opt-out system given go-ahead in Wales

 
The Welsh assembly on Tuesday evening The Welsh assembly debated a series of amendments to the Bill

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A change in the law to bring in an opt-out organ donation system has been overwhelmingly voted through by Welsh assembly members.

Wales will become the first UK country to adopt a process where individuals will be presumed to have consented for their organs to be donated unless they opt out.

Ministers want to increase the number of donors for transplant.

The new presumed consent system could come into force by 2015.

Some 43 of the 60 assembly members backed the bill, eight voted against and there were two abstentions.

Welsh Health Minister Mark Drakeford said it was "an historic day for Wales" which had "demonstrated the huge strengths of this assembly".

Start Quote

Wales is a progressive nation and this is a progressive policy for that progressive nation”

End Quote Mark Drakeford AM Health Minister

"Wales is a progressive nation and this is a progressive policy for that progressive nation," he said.

Welsh Liberal Democrat Leader Kirsty Williams said she hoped the Bill would mean more people would benefit from organ donation, "that most altruistic of gifts".

Plaid Cymru AM Rhodri Glyn Thomas said the discussion and the process which had led to the final vote had showed the assembly was "capable of creating good law here".

But Conservative AM Darren Millar, shadow minister for health, insisted there was "still much work to do".

"The coming months and years must now be spent intensively educating families and communities the length and breadth of Wales," he added.

"This is a significant change from the previous system that remains controversial - and no stone must be left unturned in getting the message across."

ORGAN DONATION FIGURES

  • The aim of the Bill is to increase the number of organs available from Wales, potentially by 25%
  • On latest figures this would see the number of donors rise from around 65 donors to 80.
  • The average number of transplants anticipated from 15 additional donors would be approximately 26 kidneys, 10 livers, two hearts and four lungs
  • Just over 30% of organs donated in Wales are transplanted into people living in Wales

There had been opposition to the changes from Christian churches and from within the Muslim and Jewish communities.

They wanted a so-called "soft opt-out scheme" in the legislation to give deceased patients' families a say on donation if their relative had neither opted in or out.

But the Welsh government hopes the legislation will lead to a rise in the number of donors by around 25%.

Dr Richard Lewis, Welsh Secretary of the British Medical Association (BMA), said the assembly had shown "the rest of the UK the way forward" with the legislation, adding: "Patients across the country will now benefit directly or indirectly benefit from this Bill."

Roy J. Thomas, chief executive of Kidney Wales Foundation, said: "The new law gives hope for all those waiting for a transplant in Wales and will gladden the hearts of those in the UK who see this as a sign that other parts of the UK may follow this vote."

Waiting list

Assembly members debated the issue before voting on the opt-out system late on Tuesday evening.

Speaking before the vote, Mr Millar called for an independent evaluation of the new system to be carried out once it was up and running, as it was possible there could be "unintended consequences" from presumed consent.

He warned that evidence from Chile, since it had introduced such a system, showed that it could result in a fall in the number of organ donors.

Mr Drakeford assured AMs that the Welsh government had already committed to reviewing the new system five years after it became law.

As currently happens, organs could go to recipients anywhere in the UK, not just in Wales.

However evidence from other countries with an opt-out system indicates that the rise is small with around 15 additional donors provided each year and approximately 45 extra organs.

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According to the NHS Blood and Transplant service, fewer than 5,000 people die every year in the UK in circumstances that would allow them to donate successfully.

Added to that, when compatibility, organ suitability, location, time scales and consent are taken into account it means that not everyone who wants to donate actually does.

It is estimated there are around 250 people on a waiting list for a transplant at any one time - 33 people in Wales died in 2012/13 while waiting.

The 30-strong Labour group in the assembly was whipped to vote in favour of the Bill. Conservative and Plaid Cymru AMs had a free vote.

The Lib Dems said all five of their AMs were in favour of presumed consent.

 

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  • rate this
    +4

    Comment number 7.

    Nobody should have the right to take someone's body parts without their consent, you cannot call this a donation, its only a matter of time before they make a mistake and take someone's organs in error and hospitals are going to be sued.

  • rate this
    +6

    Comment number 6.

    --3 Mendo Shutaro
    . If you opt out, you have blood on your hands, it's that simple.--

    What ever happened to " My Body, My Choice"
    This legislation reduces people to that of cattle to be harvested as other see fit. It is for me to decide to give my organs not for others to decide to take!
    Nobody needs to feel guilty about that. It's your choice not theirs!

  • rate this
    +5

    Comment number 5.

    I would agree with MrKay, this is a bad piece of legislation for the reasons stated, whats next? presumed consent to pay even more taxes? Furthermore, you just know that in a couple of years time a story will break about the NHS in Wales selling organs abroad.

  • rate this
    +5

    Comment number 4.

    There are always dangers in systems based on negative rather than positive. The positive is finding a name on a list of those who are willing to donate; this will be safe. The negative is not finding a name on a list of those who do not want to donate; this is unsafe - why not found? person was not aware of this list? person didn't get around to it? person's name was overlooked? Error on list?

  • rate this
    -2

    Comment number 3.

    Those who oppose this do so entirely out of spite and nastiness. Once you're dead, you either rot in the ground, or are turned into ash. Either way, vital life saving organs are lost and seriously ill people die as a result. If you opt out, you have blood on your hands, it's that simple.

    This legislation is entirely logical and evidence based, and should come into force across all of the UK.

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 2.

    On the one hand we have a list of people who will die without help, of which there is too little. On the other hand we have some people whose feelings might be hurt. I can't see why there is even a debate. It's not like it is being made mandatory for all those who would rather burn their loved ones than save lives. Perhaps it's just too uncomfortable to own up to that.

  • rate this
    +4

    Comment number 1.

    If they ever do that in England I will officially opt out. Presumed consent is not consent! It is setting a dangerous precedent for other legislating when presumed consent can be used as a justification for action without a persons agreement. This is a bad piece of legislation.

 

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