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Hate crime caused by ignorance, says transgender builder

23 September 2013 Last updated at 18:34 BST

Four out of 10 hate crime victims in Wales know their abuser, while nearly a third think about moving house to escape the crime, a new study says.

Research by Race Equality First and Cardiff University also shows one in five of those abused (18%) considers leaving the country.

The study will feed into a new Welsh government plan to tackle incidents.

Samantha Bowler from Rhydyfelin, near Pontypridd, is a construction plant operator and a qualified teacher trainer who used to be a man.

She says she suffered hate crime immediately when she began her gender transition.