12 of 32 police in Wales kept jobs after breaking law, figures show
More than a third of the 32 serving police and support officers in Wales who broke the law in the past five years kept their jobs, figures show.
Officers who committed serious crimes, including supplying drugs, possessing indecent images of children and drink-driving were dismissed or resigned.
But a dozen of those who carried out other offences, including violence and animal cruelty, stayed in their posts.
The forces say officers are held to account to high professional standards.
Figures obtained by BBC Wales through a Freedom of Information request to the four forces in Wales show at least 32 serving police and community support officers have committed crimes since January 2007.
Six officers were jailed, two given suspended jail sentences and 14 fined, among other sanctions.
NUMBER OF OFFICERS' OFFENCES BY FORCE SINCE 2007
Dyfed-Powys Police: 12
Gwent Police: 3
North Wales Police: 13
South Wales Police: at least 4 (full figures not supplied)
SOURCE: Welsh police forces through BBC Wales Freedom of Information request
The 12 who retained their jobs had mostly committed traffic offences such as driving without due care and attention, and speeding, but the figures also included several other offences.
North Wales Police: two officers were convicted of animal cruelty; a Police Community Support Officer (PCSO) was arrested and cautioned for violence; and a constable cautioned for a data protection offence.
In the animal cruelty case, the force fined the officers - who had caused suffering and "mental terror" to their two pet dogs - 10 days' pay on top of court sanctions which included a ban from keeping any animal for five years; the PCSO cautioned for violence was given a first written warning; and the constable cautioned for a data protection offence was given a final written warning.
Dyfed-Powys Police: One officer given a conditional discharge for several personal data offences also stayed in post. This officer received a written warning and has since retired.
NORTH WALES POLICE STATEMENT
Supt Mark Jones said: "Police officers abide by a standard of professional behaviour and are held account to those standards.
"On every occasion an officer is convicted for any offence, however minor, the case is reviewed by the force's professional standards department.
"The conviction and circumstances are reviewed, and a decision made as to what additional action, if any, the organisation takes.
"Depending on this assessment, some cases will be referred to the appropriate authority, which in North Wales' case is the Deputy Chief Constable. Whether officers face investigation, with the potential for further sanction, depends upon the result of this assessment.
"All staff in North Wales are subject to the same laws as all other members of our communities, albeit unlike most, their actions are additionally reviewed against our internal standards of professional behaviour."
Gwent Police: One officer remained in post after driving without due care and attention. The conviction led to a 12-month driving ban and £2,000 fine, and no further action was taken by the force.
South Wales Police: Did not issue the relevant information.
There are around 7,422 police officers serving in Wales.
Monmouth MP David Davies, a special constable, said any police officer who committed a criminal offence would be investigated by the relevant force and it would be taken very seriously.
"If police officers are to be treated as the same as everyone else, you can't sack them just because they've been caught speeding," he said.
"Every case needs to be judged on its merits.
"There are 12 cases there [of officers committing offences but keeping their jobs]. That's 12 out of thousands of people and I'm sure each was looked at very, very carefully.
"The onus would be on the officer to show why they shouldn't be dismissed from their job."
DYFED-POWYS POLICE STATEMENT
"Within the period concerned Dyfed-Powys Police investigated alleged serious criminality that led to convictions for criminal offences at court. These offences included misconduct in public office, possession of indecent images, data protection offences as well as various driving offences.
Any disciplinary action for misconduct is dependant on the overall circumstances and would include assessment on whether conduct was in fact associated with police officers or police staff being on or off duty and the outcome of any criminal proceedings. The action taken will be proportionate to the conduct involved.
There will be occasions where the outcome and sanctions imposed by criminal courts are considered sufficient without the need for formal disciplinary action."
He added that police officers were far more likely to be the victim of a violent crime than the perpetrator of one.Child abuse
The vast majority of crimes committed by officers in the past five years involved PCs, PCSOs and special constables, but there were also examples of cases involving higher ranking officers, including an inspector.
Some of the more serious crimes included:
- A former South Wales Police inspector was jailed for 30 months in December for conspiracy to encourage others to sexually assault a child under 13.
- A South Wales Police traffic officer was sentenced to three-and-a-half years in 2010 for having sex with female drivers in exchange for excusing their motoring offences.
- A Gwent Police detective constable was jailed for a year in April 2010 after being convicted of distributing, making and possessing indecent images. He was part of a British paedophile ring which swapped images of child abuse.
- A Dyfed-Powys Police constable was given a three-year supervision order and required to register as a sex offender for five years for possessing indecent images of children in 2007.
- A North Wales Police officer who lied about a motoring offence when stopped by colleagues, was jailed for four months for perverting the course of justice.
Other offences committed by officers in the past five years include taxi touting, sexual exposure, theft and violence against the person.
South Wales Police provided only part of the information requested but information provided by the other three forces in Wales showed that in cases of serious crimes, officers were either dismissed or resigned.
Lee Canning, of the TaxPayers' Alliance in Wales, said offences committed by officers needed to be looked at "case by case".
"Driving offences are so easy to obtain. I'm not a driver myself but if you are one mile [per hour] over the speed limit, that can happen," he said.
"When you come down to animal cruelty and personal data offences, these are serious instances.Misconduct proceedings
"We do have to look at what sort of regulations are in place to protect the public against that."
Home Office guidance states that public confidence in the police is "crucial in a system that rests on the principle of policing by consent".
South Wales Police statement
Ch Supt Tim Jones said: "South Wales Police expects all officers to act with professionalism and integrity both on and off duty.
"We will not tolerate any conduct that falls below the high standards set, and the public can be reassured that there are robust procedures in place to deal with any issues.
"Some of these cases will have come as a result of a robust internal investigation by the force professional standards department."
"Public confidence in the police depends on police officers demonstrating the highest level of personal and professional standards of behaviour," it says.
Each police force has a professional standards department which is responsible for considering complaints and conduct matters involving police officers and police staff within its force.
Misconduct proceedings are considered when it is believed an officer has breached standards of professional behaviour. Cases are judged on their individual merits but, where the action is so serious as to warrant the officer losing their job, then gross misconduct proceedings are instigated.Commit crimes
That process can result in dismissal, but mitigation is presented and there are other sanctions the panel can consider.
GWENT POLICE STATEMENT
A Gwent Police spokesperson said: "Gwent Police expects the highest professional standards from all of its employees. We are very proud that the vast majority deliver that on a daily basis.
"Where appropriate however the force has and will continue to take robust action when dealing with police officers who break the law or do not uphold the standards of professional behaviour as set out in the Police (Complaints and Misconduct) Regulations.
"This is essential if we are to protect and reassure our communities".
Michael Levi, professor of criminology at Cardiff University, said the figures indicated that police officers were less likely to commit crimes than the general population.
"The general statistics are that one in three males can expect to be convicted of something over their lifetimes," he said.
He added: "If the offence is not that salient to how they do their job, they're kept on and, personally, I would agree with that.
"We should see people as more complex and this applies to other offenders as well.
"Just because you do a bad thing does not mean you are going to generally a bad person."
Separate research published earlier this year suggested there were 27 serving police officers and community support officers with Welsh forces who had a criminal record, 23 of whom were with North Wales Police. South Wales Police did not provide figures.