Two babies die, three other E. coli cases in Swansea
- 22 November 2011
- From the section Wales
Two babies have died after an E. coli infection, health officials in Swansea have confirmed.
One was a very premature baby who died after contracting ESBL E. coli at the city's Singleton Hospital.
The other baby contracted the bug in the community but doctors say the cases were linked. How the cross-infection occurred is being investigated.
As a precaution the unit, which has undergone a deep clean, is only open for full-term births.
An inquest has been opened and adjourned into the death of one of the babies, Hope Erin Evans from Aberdare, south Wales, who was just five days old when she died at the hospital on 4 November.
Three other non-fatal cases have been confirmed but Abertawe Bro Morgannwg (ABM) University Health Board said they appeared to be isolated incidents.
The board's medical director Dr Bruce Ferguson said: "Tests have confirmed that in one of these cases the ESBL E.coli infection was contracted in the hospital.
"Sadly, this was a very premature baby who, despite the best efforts of staff, later died.
"The cause of death of this baby is currently being investigated by the coroner. Everyone involved with the unit and in the care of this baby deeply regret this tragic loss."
The other baby contracted the infection outside the hospital.
Dr Ferguson reassured expectant mothers due to give birth in Singleton Hospital that the maternity unit is open as usual for full-term births.
As a precaution, the health board has temporarily restricted the neonatal unit to admissions for babies of 36 weeks gestation, or longer.
"These appear to be isolated incidents which have been contained, and there is no evidence of the infection spreading further," Dr Ferguson added.
"Checks have been taken of patients, equipment and areas in the maternity/neonatal unit and no evidence of ESBL E. coli has been found.
"The unit has an excellent record for hand-hygiene and general infection control adherence. Reported infection levels in the unit have been below the national average in recent years."
Microbiologist Prof Hugh Pennington told BBC Radio Wales ESBL E. coli caused problems for young babies because their immune systems were not well-developed.
"These bugs . . . are really quite good at getting about and once they get into something like a neonatal unit, history tells us with other related bugs they can be really quite difficult to eradicate.
"I'm sure that the people at Singleton are doing their utmost to make sure that there aren't any problems.
"They have restricted admission to the very young babies because they are the ones really at risk from this particular nasty bug. It's a very reasonable approach to take."
Health Minister Lesley Griffiths said she was "very saddened" to hear of the two deaths.
Conservative health spokesman Darren Millar AM expressed his condolences for the families involved, adding: "This is obviously an incredibly serious case and I urge the health minister to update us on the current situation and the next planned steps as soon as possible.
"While I recognise these infections appear to be isolated and contained, those using the hospital will expect regular reassurances from the Welsh government in the immediate future."
Welsh Liberal Democrat leader Kirsty Williams said the deaths were a "terrible tragedy".
"While the unit is temporarily closed for some patients, pregnant women in the area who are expected to deliver at the unit need to be reassured that there are alternatives set in place," she added.
"Guarantees are needed that other units that will have to take pre-term mothers have the resources to cope.
Any mothers-to-be who have concerns or questions should speak to their community midwife in the first place. In addition a help line has also been set up: 07747 615627.