Scottish independence: Academic says EU entry 'would be smooth'

EU flag The two sides of the referendum debate disagree over whether Scotland would be able to negotiate its membership from within the EU or have to apply from the outside as a new member

An independent Scotland's entry to the EU would be "relatively smooth and straightforward", an Oxford University professor has said.

The pro-Union campaign has argued that Scotland would be forced to leave the EU and then reapply for membership.

This process could take many years, it has been claimed, with Scotland having to join the "back of the queue".

But Prof Sionaidh Douglas-Scott said it would be possible for Scotland to have uninterrupted membership.

In its White Paper on independence, the Scottish government claimed Scotland would be able to negotiate continued membership of the EU through Article 48 of the Treaty of the European Union.

It has argued that these negotiations could be concluded in time for its target date for independence of 23 March 2016, meaning there would be no break in Scotland's membership.

Start Quote

Rebuffing or alienating a country such as Scotland, that wants to maintain EU membership, and is keen to stress its European credentials, will hardly do much for the EU's image”

End Quote Prof Sionaidh Douglas-Scott Oxford University

But the UK government and Better Together campaign have argued that Scotland would have to re-apply as a new state under Article 49 of the EU Treaty, which could take several years.

This stance was backed by outgoing European Commission president Jose Manuel Barroso, who told the BBC earlier this year that it would be "extremely difficult, if not impossible" for an independent Scotland to join the European Union.

In a research paper examining how easily Scotland could gain EU membership after independence, Prof Douglas-Scott appeared to echo the Scottish government's position.

Start Quote

Leaving the UK means becoming a new state and going through an accession process to join the EU”

End Quote UK government spokesman

Prof Douglas-Scott is professor of European law and human rights at Oxford, and has written a book on EU constitutional law.

She said: "Despite assertions to the contrary from UK lawyers, EU lawyers and EU officials, any future independent Scotland's EU membership should be assured, and its transition from EU membership (as a) part of the UK, to EU membership (as an) independent Scotland relatively smooth and straightforward."

Proceeding by way of Article 48, as opposed to using Article 49, which would require a full Accession Treaty, would avoid the risk that a newly independent Scotland would be "cast into the wilderness", with its ties with the EU cut on the date of independence, she said.

She continued: "This would be a form of internal enlargement for the EU, and in this way, Scotland's uninterrupted membership of the EU could be preserved.

"It would, however, be necessary for negotiations to commence immediately upon a Yes vote in the independence referendum so that messy contingency arrangements with between the EU and a new Scottish state could be avoided."

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What's the difference between Articles 48 and 49?

Treaty of Rome meeting
  • Article 48 - It allows the Treaties of the European Union - the EU rulebook - to be amended by existing members of the European Union, the European Parliament or the European Commission. The members submit a proposal to the European Council and if it - after consulting with the parliament and the commission - decides by a simple majority to look at the proposed amendments, then it is passed on to a "convention". They look at the amendment proposed and, by consensus, adopt a recommendation which is put to a conference of member state representatives for approval.
  • Article 49 - The applicant country must apply to the European Council, with the European Parliament and national parliaments also being notified. New conditions and subsequent adjustments to the Treaties need to be agreed between the member states and the applicant state. That agreement is then submitted for ratification by member states.
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Prof Douglas-Scott acknowledged that there was no precedent within EU law for a territory of an existing member state becoming independent and wishing to retain EU membership, and the treaties do not provide for such an event.

But she said EU law characteristically takes a "pragmatic and purposive approach" to pressing issues that are not dealt with by specific treaty provisions.

She added: "There was no explicit provision in the treaties capable of dealing with the situation of German unification in the 1990s.

"But the (then) EEC Institutions responded to this event in a pragmatic and expedient manner, enabling a united Germany to become a member of the EU without long drawn out negotiations, accession proceedings or legal wranglings."

'Values and norms'

Prof Douglas-Scott said she took issue with Mr Barroso's assessment that it would be "extremely difficult, if not impossible" for an independent Scotland to join the EU for four main reasons.

She explained: "First, it is inconsistent with previous Commission pronouncements on the issue of Scottish independence. Second, it threatens to cast out Scotland from the EU, thus fracturing the Single Market, ignoring acquired rights and obligations of good faith.

"Third, it ignores the existence and growth of EU citizenship as elucidated in case law of the European Court. Lastly, it is difficult to reconcile with the EU's values and norms as enshrined in the general principles and spirit of the Treaties."

She added: "Rebuffing or alienating a country such as Scotland, that wants to maintain EU membership, and is keen to stress its European credentials, will hardly do much for the EU's image.

"The EU ought to be showing what it can do for its citizens, not rebuffing them."

Responding to Prof Douglas-Scott's paper, a spokesman for the UK government said: "There is no doubt the route into Europe for a separate Scotland would be uncertain and the weight of expert evidence is against the unprecedented use of Article 48.

"Leaving the UK means becoming a new state and going through an accession process to join the EU. The decision on both Scotland's membership would ultimately be for the 28 other member countries of the EU who would need to unanimously agree the terms of that membership.

"A number of influential voices, from the Spanish prime minister to the president of the European Commission, have already made their views on this issue clear. The Scottish government position is, at best, unclear and uncertain."

A spokesman for the Scottish government's External Affairs Minister, Humza Yousaf, welcomed the report, which he said backed the views of many other experts.

He added: "It demolishes the claims of those in the No campaign, who know that the only threat to Scotland's place in Europe comes from Westminster's UKIP agenda and David Cameron's proposed in-out referendum."

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  1.  
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  2.  
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  4.  
    Rock 'n' roll Danny 21:53:

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  5.  
    Relay close 21:48:

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    Australia win the gold, with South Africa grabbing silver - and England take the bronze medal.

     
  6.  
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    He added: "I watched Braveheart just last week to get ready for this. It is such a Scottish thing and it warms my heart."

     
  7.  
    All aboard 21:24: Laura Pettigrew BBC Commonwealth Games reporter

    Glasgow 2014: Flotilla sails its way into the Games

    flotilla

    Organisers joked that the Commonwealth Flotilla up the Clyde is the quickest and most hassle free way to get to the Games - and boat owners also benefit from having their own ready-made, cheap accommodation.

    Ahead of the spectacle the small ships, clippers, cruisers, yachts and working boats taking part mustered in Greenock.

     
  8.  
    Travel problems 21:22: Via Twitter

    Games Travel 2014 tweets: Rail services between Dalmarnock,City Centre,SECC & Partick experiencing some delays & cancellations. Rectifing as quick as poss,bear with us

     
  9.  
    Back to earth 21:18:

    Edinburgh's Craig McNally manages a respectable seventh place in the men's 100m backstroke final with a time of 54.54s.

    England's Chris Walker-Hebborn takes gold with a time of 53.12s ahead of Australia's Mitch Larkin who captured silver, while Liam Tancock, also of England, takes bronze.

     
  10.  
    21:11: Via Twitter

    BBC Scotland presenter Rhona McLeod adds a personal touch to her congratulation to gold medallist Sarah Clark: "Delighted for @sarahclark_judo gold medal! Saw her 12 years ago winning silver @ Manchester Games. Dedication & professionalism personified."

     
  11.  
    Other Games news 21:07:

    In the table tennis, Scotland's men have reached the quarter-final after a win against Sri Lanka.

    Meanwhile, in the bowls, Paul Foster and Alex Marshall won 16-15 against South Africa in the Men's Pairs Sectional Play.

     
  12.  
    He's on his way 21:05: The Herald
  13.  
    Wallace monumental 21:00: Kheredine Idessane BBC Scotland

    Gold in the pool for Team_Scotland's Dan Wallace in the 400m Individual Medley. Those in the know won't be surprised: he was a stand-out at world champs last year

     
  14.  
    Football update 20:58:

    The Commonwealth Games are not the only sporting action taking place in Scotland tonight.

    Queen's Park and Berwick Rangers are locked at 1-1 after the first half of their Scottish Challenge Cup first round match.

    Darren Lavery gave Berwick the lead in three minutes but Ross McPherson squared it after 33 minutes.

     
  15.  
    Swimming atmosphere 20:53: Aimee Lewis BBC Sport

    "What. A. Roar. The Scottish crowd enjoyed that and so did Daniel Wallace. The powerful Scot made his competitors look like tug boats. He sits on the ropes and encourages the supporters to roar some more, which is fine and dandy but I will need a ear test after this evening."

    daniel wallce
     
  16.  
    Medal Haul 20:49:

    Scotland's medal tally is now up to 14, with half of the haul gold in colour.

    Medal tally
     
  17.  
    Drying off 20:47:

    If swimming's not your thing, you can still see Scots in live action as Scotland's badminton team is currently taking on New Zealand. Watch the action here.

    Scottish badminton player Kirsty Gilmour
     
  18.  
    Medley Magic 20:42:

    Scotland's Dan Wallace powering his way to a 4m 11.20s win in the 400m individual medley at Tollcross pool in the Glasgow 2014 Commonwealth Games.

    Dan Wallace
     
  19.  
    Golden Dan 20:38:

    Scotland's Dan Wallace takes gold in the 400m individual medley at the 2014 Commonwealth Games in Glasgow.

    That takes the total three gold medals in the pool alone for Scotland to match the three picked up in the judo.

     
  20.  
    Clark's quotes 20:37:

    Gold medal-winning judoka Sarah Clark speaks about her success in the under 63kg category at the Hydro: "It feels a bit surreal to be honest. It's been a long time coming but now it's here I'm so happy.

    Scottish judoka Sarah Clark

    "Self motivation gets you doing this sport at home and on the mat but the crowd here brings additional motivation. It adds a bit of pressure but it's how you deal with that when it counts that matters.

    "The last 10 months have been building up to this. As I started getting better and fitter again I knew I wanted this."

     
  21.  
    20:30: Via Twitter

    Ross Murdoch tweets: Through to the 100m final with a time of 59.72. Bring on the final tomorrow at 20:50! [TeamRM]

     
  22.  
    20:29: Via Twitter

    ‏Scotland's cycling hero @chrishoy: Me and two of my heroes. @GraemeObree and the Big Yin!

    Chris Hoy with Graeme Obree and Billy Connolly
     
  23.  
    Ross rules 20:26:

    Scotland's Ross Murdoch tells BBC Sport after winning his 100m breaststroke semi-final: "I feel fresh and good. Recovery wasn't great after the back of the 200m because we got back late. I haven't seen anything from yesterday's win really, I'm just trying to stay grounded."

    ross murdoch
     
  24.  
    Hope sunk 20:21:

    Scotland's Michael Jamieson has failed to qualify for the final of the men's 100m breaststroke at the 2014 Glasgow Commonwealth Games.

    Six swimmers finished faster than him in the second semi-final, after he finished in fifth place in the first semi.

     
  25.  
    Pool shark 20:15:

    Scots gold medal hero Ross Murdoch powers to a semi-final win in the men's 100m breaststroke.

    His time of time of 59.72s puts him into tomorrow's final after he finished ahead of his team-mate Craig Benson who came third.

    Michael Jamieson seems to have lost his mojo - he finished in fifth place and could struggle to qualify depending on the result of the second semi-final, which is coming right up...

     
  26.  
    Hockey highlights 20:14:

    Ailsa Wyllie scores twice as Scotland beat Malaysia 2-0 in their hockey pool match.

    Watch the highlights here.

    Scotland's women celebrate after 2-0 win over Malaysia
     
  27.  
    Judo clip 20:10:

    Sarah Clark of Scotland wins the under 63kg judo final as she makes opponent Helene Wezeu Dombeu of Cameroon submit. Watch the clip here

    sarah clark
     
  28.  
    Still game? 20:05:

    Scotland's best-loved comedy duo Ford Kiernan and Greg Hemphill are at BBC At the Quay right now, talking to Kaye Adams about their rise to fame and career highlights ahead of their sold-out Still Game live shows this autumn.

    ford and greg
     
  29.  
    20:01: Via Twitter James Cook Scotland Correspondent, BBC News

    tweets: Fed up with lounging in the sun? Then why not come inside and watch our #indyref Review of the Week on @BBCNews at 8.30pm?

     
  30.  
    No headgear 19:55: Via Email

    Jenny Connar asks via email: "Why are competitors not wearing head gear?"

    Michael Conlan of Northern Ireland, left, fights Matthew Martin from Nauru

    In a decision last year, the International Boxing Association stopped the use of headgear in male bouts, citing medical experts who said it would help reduce concussions.

    While female fighters and younger boxers will still use headgear, the boxing association cited medical studies that wearing headgear diffused blows to the head and allowed boxers to sustain more head shots - and potential brain damage - for longer periods of time.

    In the first bout of the boxing competition at the Commonwealth Games, Mathew Martin of Nauru had a large lump on his head from a punch.

    Northern Ireland's Michael Conlan, who won unanimously on points, had blood streaming down his face.

     
  31.  
    That gold is mine 19:42: Keir Murray BBC Sport Scotland

    "I'm a strong wee guy. That gold is mine," proclaims Reece McFadden after stylish win at flyweight over Selby at SECC. He is electric! - and he is in the last 16.

    reece mcfadden
     
  32.  
    Nothing for Robbie 19:37:

    Scottish swimmer Robbie Renwick, who won gold in Delhi four years ago, comes fifth in the Men's 200m Freestyle final.

     
  33.  
    Boxing 19:28: Neil Johnston BBC Sport

    Scotland's Reece McFadden has beaten world number one Andrew Selby, from Wales in the flyweight boxing.

    reece madfaddeen and anderw selby

    "Reece McFadden (left) walked out to The Proclaimers track "I Will Walk 500 Miles" and he's walking off to a standing ovation at the SECC centre after defeating Wales flyweight opponent Andrew Selby much to the delight of the partisan crowd.

    "At 19, McFadden is six years younger than Selby but he produces a mature performance to go through by an unanimous points decision.

    "This lad is popular. The place is packed and the whole arena are out of their seats, some waving Scottish flags, while McFadden, dressed all in red, laps up the attention and bows to the crowd."

     
  34.  
    Swimming success 19:21:

    Women's 50m breaststroke bronze medallist Corrie Scott tells BBC One: "I just can't believe it. I said at the start that the crowd could make the difference between fourth and a bronze and it did there."

    scott finsih
     
  35.  
    Great Scott 19:16:

    Corrie Scott swims to Bronze in the Women's 50m breaststroke at Tollcross.

    corrie scott
     
  36.  
    Judo medal 19:12:

    Bronze for Sally Conway. She wins her medal in the -70kg judo for Team Scotland.

    Scottish judoka Sally Conway

    She won her victory over Sunibala Huidrom of India by penalty. It is not the medal Conway wanted but she gratefully laps up the appreciation of the home crowd.

     
  37.  
    19:05: Via Twitter Keir Murray BBC Sport Scotland

    tweets: If Andrew Selby looks up a Scots dictionary for a definition of "gallus" he'll see the name Reece McFadden.

    Motherwell's McFadden has defeated Wales' Andrew Selby on a unanimous points decision.

     
  38.  
    Sport roundup 18:53:

    Closing Reporting Scotland on BBC ONE Scotland in a few minutes will be a montage of the first two days of Glasgow 2014.

    Don't miss it!

     
  39.  
    More sport 18:53:

    Stay with us right through the evening here on Scotland Live as all the action continues at the Commonwealth Games in Glasgow.

    At 7pm tonight, there's eight medals up for grabs in the pool at Tollcross, and there's more boxing to come too from the Hydro.

     
  40.  
    18:50: Via Twitter Keir Murray BBC Sport Scotland

    tweets: In the boxing ring Motherwell's Reece McFadden is on now against Andrew Selby of Wales. What a welcome for the wee man!

     
  41.  
    Netball win 18:35:

    Victory for Scotland's netball team as they defeat St Lucia 58-30 in the host nation's first match.

    St Lucia had already lost to Jamaica in their opening match.

     
  42.  
    18:31: Via Twitter Keir Murray BBC Sport Scotland

    tweets: Gold medal winner Sarah Clark speaks to BBC Radio Scotland.

    Sarah Clark
     
  43.  
    Gold dreams 18:28:

    Here's how the top of the 2014 Commonwealth Games medal table is looking so far, with Scotland just behind Australia and England on gold medals won.

    medal tally
     
  44.  
    Judo gold 18:22:

    Scotland's Sarah Clark has won Commonwealth gold for Scotland in the women's under-63kg judo final at the SECC in Glasgow.

    Scottish judoka Sarah Clark
     
  45.  
    Double trouble 18:22:

    Video action of Neil Fachie and pilot Craig Maclean winning gold for Scotland in the men's para-cycling 1,000m time trial B2 tandem.

    Neil Fachie and Craig MacLean

    Watch the video here.

     
  46.  
    Listen live 18:21:

    For more Commonwealth Games action tune in to Sportsound, live now on BBC Radio Scotland or listen online.

    The programme will have live updates from swimming, cycling, boxing, netball, hockey, shooting and more!

     
  47.  
    Bowled over 18:13:

    Scotland lose 15-7 to Jersey in the lawn bowls at Kelvingrove. The Scots remain top of their section, and face Australia on Saturday morning.

    Lawn bowls
     
  48.  
    Via Twitter Phil Goodlad BBC Scotland

    tweets: Empty but not for long. First boxers enter ring at 1830 with Scottish Flyweight Reece McFadden 2nd up #Glasgow2014

    Boxing ring
     
  49.  
    18:05: Via Twitter

    Scottish cycling champion @NeilFachie tweets: Doping control gold medal selfie! Ah the glamour!

    Cycling gold medal winner Neil Fachie
     
  50.  
    17:59: Via Twitter

    Scotland rugby sevens cap Roddy Grant tweets: Cannot wait to don the thistle tomoro! What an honour and responsibility. Home crowd & loud full Ibrox will be incredible!

     
  51.  
    Lawn bowled over 17:49:

    Scotland's Women's fours are up against it as they trail Jersey 14-6 after 13 ends.

    Bowls at Kelvingrove Park

    You can watch every nail-biting second here.

     
  52.  
    Weather stays great - for now 17:48:

    A fine evening to come with any showers dying away. A dry night will follow with clear spells. Mist and low cloud will continue to feed into eastern coastal areas, spreading inland in some parts too. Overnight lows of 13C.

    On Saturday, a dry start across Scotland and bright with spells of sunshine away from the east coast. Here there will again be extensive haar, this will burn off during the morning.

    Then a change will start to take place. Cloud will increase across the Western Isles with outbreaks of rain starting to push in from the west. It will continue to move inland during the afternoon although eastern Scotland not seeing the rain until evening. Still on the warm side, highs of 25C in the east, around 22C in the west.

     
  53.  
    Travel update 17:45: BBC Scotland Travel Latest

    In the Highlands, the A87 is blocked between the Cluanie Inn and Bun Loyne due to an accident - this is the road which runs alongside Loch Cluanie and is the route to and from Loch Alsh.

    On the Forth Road Bridge, there are long northbound delays this evening, with half-hour queues on the M9 and 15 min delays on the A90 approach, which is due to a broken down car at the bridge exit.

     
  54.  
    17:37: Via Twitter

    A tweet request from our colleagues ‏@BBCSport: Hazel Irvine wants to hear your favourite Glaswegian words on her @BBCOne show using #weegieword

    Ginkin', boggin', mingin', gantin', honkin' - all useful Glaswegian words for something smelly.

     
  55.  
    Netball latest 17:36:

    Scotland's netball side are currently 24-14 up on St Lucia at the Hydro with the second quarter coming to a close.

    Scottish netball player

    Keep up with the latest action here

     
  56.  
    Gold medal alert 17:32:

    Cycling: Neil Fachie and his pilot Craig MacLean make it five gold medals for Team Scotland.

    Partially-sighted Fachie (left in photo) and partner MacLean were the last of five teams to go in the 1,000 metres time trial B2 tandem.

    fachie and maclean

    The reaction from the Glaswegian crowd raised the roof of a venue that has become renowned for its ear-splitting crowds.

    After the win, Fachie said: "That was the first time I have raced for Scotland so to get on top of the podium in front of a home crowd, it was hard not get teary-eyed up there. It's a special day. We have done a lot of hard training so the fact that it all came together was great."

     
  57.  
    Scots Hockey Win 17:31: Via Twitter

    Tweet from @ScottishHockey: FT Scotland 2-0 Malaysia. Confident performance from our Scottish women with 22 shots on goal! #GoScotland

     
  58.  
    R&A Women vote 17:25:

    The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews will host a postal ballot among members on a motion to admit women to its ranks.

    Carly Booth

    The result will be announced on 18 September 2014.

     
  59.  
    No Bronze 1720:

    There is to be no Scottish medal in the cycling 3,000m individual pursuit as Amy Cure seals the bronze medal, winning her last race against Scotland's Katie Archibald.

    katie archibald
     
  60.  
    NET ACTION 17:15:

    Scotland are also in netball action where they're currently drawing 6-6 with St Lucia.

    Scottish netball player

    Watch all the action here

     
  61.  
    17:10: Chris McLaughlin Commonwealth Games reporter, BBC Sport

    tweets: Rhythmic gymnastics at the Hydro. @TeamWales looking good for medals. #Glasgow2014

    Gymnastics
     
  62.  
    HOCKEY DOKEY 17:09:

    Ailsa Wyllie has scored her and Scotland's second goal as Scotland go 2-0 up against Malaysia.

    Scottish hockey player Ailsa Wyllie

    Watch it live here.

     
  63.  
    QUEUE SKIPPER 16:54:

    Hannah Miley's father has revealed that he almost missed his daughter's gold medal-winning swim at the Glasgow 2014 Commonwealth Games.

    Hannah Miley

    Miley defended her 400m individual medley title on Thursday night, finishing in four minutes 31.76 seconds to break her own Games record.

    Find out how Hannah's dad skipped the queue to see the action.

     
  64.  
    16:49:

    It's half-time in the hockey at Glasgow Green and Scotland's Women's side are 1-0 up on Malaysia courtesy of a goal from Ailsa Wyllie.

    Watch it live here.

     
  65.  
    Fast Fachie 16:46: Victoria Pendleton BBC Sport cycling expert & former CWG champion
    fachie

    "Neil Fachie and Craig MacLean have worked together a long time and I don't think that was ever in doubt! To make up so much time shows their class."

    connolly and mccconnell

    The gold medal for the Scots cyclist meets with the approval of Billy Connolly and Jack McConnell

     
  66.  
    16:39: Via Twitter

    BBC Scotland bowls commentator Peter Wright tweets: "Scotland's women's 4 playing at Kelvingrove and it is so hot!! What I wouldn't give for some clouds."

     
  67.  
    WHEELS OF GOLD 16:34:

    Scotland's Neil Fachie takes gold at the Sir Chris Hoy Velodrome in the 1000m Tandem B2 time trial para-cycling event, with his pilot Craig MacLean.

    fachie
     
  68.  
    16:21: Keir Murray BBC Sport Scotland

    tweets: Third and last Scottish boxer today is Motherwell's Reece McFadden from Forgewood club. Seven-time Scottish champ boxes Selby of Wales at 18:35

     
  69.  
    16:20: Via Twitter

    Scotland high jumper Emma Nuttall: "Nails done and ready for Wednesday!" The high jump qualifying rounds get underway at 10:45 at Hampden Park.

    Scottish athlete Emma Nuttall's painted nails
     
  70.  
    BILLY AND JACK 16:14:

    Former Scotland First Minister Jack McConnell enjoys a blether with the Big Yin, Billy Connolly, at the Sir Chris Hoy Velodrome as the evening's cycling events get under way.

    Billy Connolly and Jack McConnell
     
  71.  
    Crowd love it

    Scotland's Lauren Brash, who is just 15 years old, competes in the rhythmic gymnastics, performing to an updated version of "Donald, where's your troosers?"

    lauren brash
     
  72.  
    Unanimous decision Phil Goodlad BBC Scotland

    Super Heavyweight Ross Henderson is through to the last 16 of the Commonwealth Games Boxing.

    The 27-year-old from Motherwell beat Parveen Kumar in a unanimous decision after three rounds.

    boxing

    Henderson, who is fighting in his second Commonwealth Games, was the busier fighter throughout and, despite being caught by Kumar's solid jab, deserves his place in the quarter finals of the +91kg division.

     
  73.  
    Cable line-up 15:56:

    What has been described as the biggest fibre cable-laying project of its kind in the UK in years has started off the west coast of Scotland.

    cable laying

    The project forms part of the £410m Digital Scotland Superfast Broadband initiative.

    A specialist vessel, the Rene Descartes, will be involved in laying some of the 249 miles (400km) of cable.

     
  74.  
    Murdoch tops poll 15:44:

    BBC Sport did a wee poll earlier today asking for the best sporting moment of the Commonwealth Games so far.

    It seems Ross Murdoch's heroics in the pool have earned him another accolade.

    The gold-winning Scot's tremendous triumph in the 200m breaststroke took 36.7% of the vote, with Alistair Brownlee's triathlon gold taking second on 25.5% and Hannah Miley's gold and record-breaking swim earning her third place, with 11.4%.

    Ross swims again later in the 100m breaststroke semi-finals. Just after 20:00.

    ross murdoch
     
  75.  
    Seconds out 15:21:

    In about 10 minutes, Scotland's Ross Henderson enters the ring in the Men's Super Heavyweight category in the boxing.

    The Blacksmith from Motherwell will be fighting India's Parveen Kumar Parveen in the last 16 bout.

     
  76.  
    15:15: Via Twitter Phil Goodlad BBC Scotland

    tweets from the boxing at the Commonwealth Games: Scotland's Lewis Bensom loses in 69kg category to New Zealander Bowyn Morgan. Huge left in second round doing the damage #Glasgow2014

     
  77.  
    Travel update 15:14: BBC Scotland Travel Latest

    On the M9 Northbound, an accident between junction four at Lathallan and junction five at Cadgers Brae is blocking one lane northbound and southbound heading towards Stirling.

    There's Commonwealth Games events today in Carnoustie. Shooting at Barry Buddon finishes in around two hours time, so roads around the venue will be busy this evening.

    In Glasgow it's a busy day with events at the SECC, Kelvingrove, Tollcross and Glasgow Green.

    The Emirates Arena and the Velodrome have restrictions and road closures around each venue.

    Scotrail trains from Helensburgh Central to Edinburgh are not calling at Scotstounhill or Jordanhill today. You can get the low-level service from Glasgow Central if you're heading to events at Scotstoun.

    If you're travelling west from Glasgow you need to use Central Low Level, while eastbound travellers should use Argyle Street Station.

    From today, there will be no parking along the Commonwealth Games Marathon route.

    Don't forget, the Wickerman Festival is on this weekend at Kirkudbright in East Kirkcarswell so expect heavy traffic on all routes, especially the A75.

     
  78.  
    Rhythm is gonna get ya 15:10:

    Team Scotland's Lauren Brash is in the rhythmic gymnastics all-round final. Watch it here

    lauren brash
     
  79.  
    Squashed hopes 15:02:

    Not a happy 28th birthday for Scotland's Alan Clyne. He has lost out in the last 16 of the Men's squash. England's number one Nick Matthew beat Clyne 3-0.

     
  80.  
    Hotel sold 14:56:

    One of Edinburgh's most prestigious hotels, The Roxburghe, has been sold to a US-based investment management firm.

    The four-star hotel in Edinburgh's Charlotte Square was bought by Starwood Capital for an undisclosed sum.

    roxburghe hotel
     
  81.  
    In the velodrome 14:47:

    Glasgow 2014: In cycling, Scotland's Katie Archibald has set a new Scottish record in the 3000m pursuit. She qualified in fourth place.

    And Mark Stewart also set a new Scottish record in his heat in the 4000m qualifying. Unfortunately he did not get through his heat.

    mark stewart
     
  82.  
    Panda twins 14:30:

    A red panda at the Highland Wildlife Park at Kincraig, near Aviemore, has given birth to twins.

    Kitty's young were born on 15 June, but have only been revealed following the release of images from the Royal Zoological Society of Scotland.

    panda cubs at Highland Wildlife Park
     
  83.  
    A quaich guide 14:08:

    As well as a gold, silver or bronze gong, each Glasgow 2014 medallist is being presented with a special commemorative quaich.

    The presentation quaichs

    The wooden bowls - designed by Glasgow-based Paul Hodgkiss - have sparked interest from TV viewers around the world.

    So, what is a quaich and what are they meant to symbolise about the Games? Find out here.

     
  84.  
    Merchant sizzle 13:58: Laura Bicker Scotland Correspondent, BBC News

    tweets: Merchant city in Glasgow is sizzling for the Games #glasgow2014

    Merchant City Glasgow
     
  85.  
    Commonwealth Flotilla 13:53:

    About 250 boats are beginning to gather in Greenock ahead of the Commonwealth Flotilla up the Clyde to Glasgow.

    Small ships, clippers, yachts and working boats will muster at James Watt Dock.

    Flotilla gathers in Greenock

    On Saturday they will sail 17 nautical miles to Pacific Quay, with hundreds of spectators expected to watch.

     
  86.  
    Games lift for bike scheme 13:42:

    Glasgow's recently launched cycle-hire scheme has seen a substantial increase in uptake since the Games started.

    Glasgow bike-hire scheme

    The £600,000 initiative runs at 37 sites - six of which are temporary Games sites.

    The previous high of 421 hires on 1 July has been surpassed by rentals on Wednesday and Thursday this week of 502 and 611 respectively.

    Figures show the lowest number of rentals, 107, was on the scheme's launch day of 24 June.

     
  87.  
    Afternoon weather 13:16: BBC Scotland Weather Latest

    Another warm day for many of us with plenty of sunshine around.

    Reaching the high 20sC at best again - this most likely around the north west. These high temperatures could spark off the odd sharp isolated shower. Always slightly fresher along the east coat.

    For a full forecast, go to the BBC Weather site.

     
  88.  
    The cost of competing 12:56:

    Scotland's Commonwealth gold-winning sisters Kimberley and Louise Renicks have been speaking to BBC Scotland's Jane Lewis about their big wins yesterday and also funding in judo.

    Kimberley and Louise Renicks

    The duo revealed they have spent around £25,000 competing in their chosen sport.

     
  89.  
    'No question' over Arrow smoke 12:48:

    There was "no question" the Red Arrows would change the colour of smoke trails to represent the Scottish flag at the Glasgow 2014 opening ceremony, UK Defence Secretary Michael Fallon says.

    Read arrows

    It follows reports the RAF aerobatic team was forced to change its smoke from blue and white to its usual red, white and blue at the last minute.

    Read the full story here.

     
  90.  
    Scots record breaker 12:39:

    Katie Archibald broke Scottish record in qualifying for women's 3000m individual pursuit and will take on Australian Amy Cure for the bronze medal at about 16:55.

    Katie Archibald
     
  91.  
    Games boost? 12:29:

    Irn Bru maker AG Barr has said it is on track to outperform Britain's overall soft drinks market, with a 5.6% rise in first-half revenue.

    Irn-Bru cans

    The Cumbernauld-based firm, which is one of the sponsors of the Glasgow 2014 Commonwealth Games, is expecting sales of £135m in the six months to the end of July.

     
  92.  
    Swimming success 12:18:

    Team Scotland swimmers are continuing to do well in the pool.

    Dan Wallace set a new British and Commonwealth record in the heats of the 400m medley, while Robbie Renwick, below, the Commonwealth 200m freestyle champion, qualified for the event's final.

    Robbie Renwick

    You can watch all the latest action in the pool live on the BBC Sport website.

     
  93.  
    Wales hurdler out following dope test 12:09:

    Team Wales 400m hurdler Rhys Williams is out of the Games after being charged with an anti-doping violation.

    Rhys Williams

    The 30-year-old former European champion says he is "utterly devastated" and denies knowingly taking any banned substance.

     
  94.  
    Pictures of the week 11:55:

    Check out a selection of your photographs of Scotland taken between 18 and 25 July.

    Picture of Glasgow 2014 opening ceremony
     
  95.  
    On today's show 11:43: John Beattie BBC Scotland

    Today, we will be discussing funding for athletes and headgear used by boxers at the Commonwealth Games.

    We will also be live at the pool and the judo. Join us from noon on BBC Radio Scotland or listen online.

     
  96.  
    Another Scottish judo win 11:35:

    Scotland's Patrick Dawson has won his preliminary round of 32 fight against Joseph Hell Bapou of Cameroon in the men's judo 73kg category at the SECC this morning.

     
  97.  
    Murdoch wins heat 11:24:

    Commonwealth champion Ross Murdoch has won his heat of the Men's 100m breaststroke following his gold medal in the 200m breaststroke last night.

    Michael Jamieson finished third in the same heat.

    Both men should be in tonight's semi-final at around 20:05.

     
  98.  
    Beattie meets... 11:15: John Beattie BBC Scotland

    tweets: Bumped into the wonderful @matthewcpinsent

    Matthew Pinsent and John Beattie
     
  99.  
    What a lot of pants 10:58: Graham Fraser BBC Scotland

    Forget all those amazing scenes in the pool last night. Surely the most memorable moment of the Games so far - barring the Scottie dogs of the opening ceremony of course - is the celebration of Gavin Rumgay in the table tennis.

    Gavin Rumgay celebrates in the table tennis

    Are those Team Scotland boxer shorts? Who knows. Some questions are best left unanswered.

     
  100.  
    St Helena to Glasgow 10:51:

    For most of you reading this page, it will take minutes or maybe a few hours to travel to Glasgow.

    So spare a thought for athletes from St Helena - an island in the South Atlantic - who spent 10 days travelling to get to the Games.

    St Helena team

    Watch a video diary of their journey.

     

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  • Glasgow 2014 quaichs and medalsQuaich guide

    What do the Scottish gifts given to Games medallists symbolise?


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