Welfare sanctions system 'broken' says MSP report
A review of the benefits sanctions regime has been called for by a group of MSPs in another critical report of the welfare system.
Sanctions brought in by the UK government mean benefits can be withdrawn for reasons such as leaving a job or not attending an interview.
The Welfare Reform Committee at Holyrood has recommended a number of changes to how the regime operates.
Convenor Michael McMahon described the current welfare system as "broken".
He said: "When Neil Couling from the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) came to committee and said people welcomed the jolt of being sanctioned, the committee was shocked.
"Our evidence says quite the opposite; being sanctioned leaves people with not enough money to make ends meet, certainly not enough to go out job hunting.
End Quote Michael McMahon Welfare Reform Committee
This demonstrates once again the enormous gulf between reality and DWP thinking”
"The system is so broken that many people do not know why they have been sanctioned, which totally undermines the DWP assertion that sanctions 'teach' people a lesson."
He added: "How many of us could manage if we did not get paid one week, without any notice or, often, explanation? This demonstrates once again the enormous gulf between reality and DWP thinking."
The committee said sanctions should only be used as a last resort for those who have consistently and deliberately refused to engage with job seeking requirements without good reason.
It suggested people should receive a written warning at the first breach before it is escalated to a sanction, to act as a deterrent and not a punishment.
People should also have at least 10 working days' notice prior to a sanction being applied and be told of the reason for the sanction, while sanctions should be applied appropriately and consistently and with greater levels of discretion and support, the committee recommended.
Conservative committee member Alex Johnstone dissented from the report's findings.'Safety net'
A spokeswoman for the DWP said: "Sanctions are only used as a last resort, but it's only right that people claiming benefits should do everything they can to find work, if they are able.
"We make it clear to people at the start of their claim what the rules are and that they risk losing their benefits if they don't play by them.
She added: "People who are in genuine need can apply for hardship payments. If someone disagrees with a decision made on their claim, they can appeal."
Scotland's Welfare Minister Margaret Burgess said: "Our analysis, published last December, also found that the regime is hitting the most disadvantaged groups in society, such as disabled people and lone parents, the hardest.
"This report clearly shows that the current sanctions regime isn't working. We need to start again with a more positive and proportionate approach designed to support people, not cut off their incomes."