Scotland's referendum: What are the issues around defence?

The issue of how Scotland might defend itself in the event of independence has been hotly debated.

The Scottish government say after a Yes vote it will get rid of nuclear deterrent Trident from Scottish waters and establish a 15,000-strong defence force. However, pro-Union supporters believe the UK's shared defence set-up provide benefits of scale.

Here, we bring together the main stories, explainers and official documents covering the issue.

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Soldiers in Scotland
What's the current set up?

There are about 101,00 British Army regulars who are based both in Britain and abroad. Its defence hardware includes nearly 300 jets and helicopters, four nuclear submarines and an array of seagoing vessels including 13 frigates. In November 2001, British Army personnel took part in the invasion of Afghanistan and two years later, they took part in the invasion of Iraq.

Find out more....

Who is right on UK defence capability?

Cameron unveils armed forces cuts

What powers does Scotland have?

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What could change post-Yes?

In its White Paper on independence, the Scottish government said the UK's Trident missile submarines, currently based on the Clyde, would have to go. The SNP says it will set up a 15,000-strong "defence force" that would aid overseas peacekeeping and disaster relief operations, but would not be sent into contentious conflicts like the Iraq War. After independence, Faslane Naval Base would become Scotland's naval HQ under a £2.5bn defence and security programme.

Find out more....

White Paper: International relations and defence

What do we know about the SNP's vision?

SNP would outlaw nuclear weapons

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What do the pro-Union parties have to say?

UK Defence Secretary Philip Hammond says the Scottish government's defence plans under independence are not credible. The defence industry in Scotland employs about 12,600 people, generating sales in excess of £1.8bn a year and Mr Hammond believes a "separate Scotland could not hope to develop the same level of protection and resilience".

Find out more...

Defence detail call for White Paper

Minister raises Trident removal cost

MoD 'pressed firms to back Union'

BAE Systems: UK offers 'stability'

Babcock raises independence concerns

Independence 'would be cataclysmic'

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Who is saying what, including you?

Politicians, academics, industry experts and members of the public have had much to say about the current defence system and what might happen to it in the event of a "Yes" vote.

Find out more.....

Viewpoints: Experts on White Paper

Experts examine referendum claims

Q&A: Your independence questions

Independent Scotland 'needs SAS'

Dr Phillips O'Brien answers your questions on defence in an independent Scotland.

An animated recap of the arguments over defence in the Scottish independence referendum

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Big reading - defence reports in full

More on This Story

Referendum issues

More Scotland politics stories

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Scotland Live

  1.  
    09:20: Cold snap hits the Highlands

    Heavy snow falls have closed a small number of schools and affected driving conditions in the Highlands.

    Cannich Bridge, St Clement's, Stratherrick and Drummond schools have been shut because of the weather.

    Snow has been falling over large parts of the Highlands including Inverness

    The Met Office has a yellow "be aware" warning in place for large parts of Scotland, Northern Ireland, England and Wales.

    It warns of wintry showers and ice.

     
  2.  
    Text using 80295 Cannabis - Your views

    Anon: I have used cannabis from the age of 15 and am now in my 50s. I have always worked and have had two very successful careers in very different fields. I also have two prolapsed discs in my neck and cannabis is the only thing that eases the pain. I have visited Holland on many occasions to visit their coffee shops and a very pleasurable experience was had but a lot of the grass now available should be treated and used carefully; it can cause some people very serious psychological problems if abused.

    Steve fae Dunoon: I have smoked cannabis daily for 45 years and worked throughout raising three kids to degree level. Skunk is no more harmful. I just use less as drinkers do with whisky. Legalise now.

     
  3.  
    08:54: Dave Mackay was the 'perfect midfielder'

    Former Scotland manager Craig Brown has paid tribute to Scotland and Hearts legend Dave Mackay, who has died aged 80.

    "Dave Mackay would be in my all-time greatest Scottish team," Brown told BBC Radio's Good Morning Scotland.

    Former Scotland manager Craig Brown

    "I watched him play for Hearts, as a boy at the time in the 1950s and, any time Hearts came to the west of Scotland, my father took me to see Dave Mackay.

    "He was inspirational in everything he did and was a wonderful player."

    Brown met Mackay "in his latter years" when he was supporting Derby County in a play-of final against West Brom.

    "As always (he was) modest, like the big stars: Billy McNeill, John Greig, Lawrie Reilly and Gordon Strachan," Brown added.

    "Dave Mackay was the perfect midfield player and would've been worth an absolute fortune today.

    "When you see players like Gareth Bale going to Real Madrid you wonder what Dave Mackay would've been worth in the present market.

    "He was, in every respect, an outstanding exponent."

     
  4.  
    BBC Scotland Travel Latest

    #PerthAndKinross #Snow.Police reporting v bad conditions esp smaller back roads heading onto main routes. #M90 particularly bad @ Kinross

     
  5.  
    08:34: Morning Call BBC Radio Scotland
    Morning Call

    Call 0500 92 95 00 or text 80295. The show gets under way on BBC Radio Scotland at 08:50.

    Listen live to the programme here.

     
  6.  
    08:30: On the back pages

    The boardroom battle at Rangers, Stuart McCall tipped for the Ibrox hot seat and Chelsea eye Celtic goalkeeper Craig Gordon. It's all the gossip on today's back pages.

    Craig Gordon
     
  7.  
    08:21: Ellon bypass

    Aberdeenshire councillors are being encouraged to opt for a new bypass in Ellon instead of a bridge over the River Ythan.

    The plans form part of the proposals for the Cromleybank development, which would see almost 1,000 homes being built in the town.

    New schools, shops, a hotel, and sports pitches are included.

    The 3km road would link the B9005 to the A920. The issue will be discussed at the Formartine area committee.

     
  8.  
    08:16: Online abuse of young Celtic fan

    A man has been charged in connection with "offensive comments" posted online about a young Celtic fan with Down's Syndrome.

    Celtic fan Jay Beatty wins the Scottish Professional Football League Goal of the Month Award for January with a half-time penalty at Hamilton

    Jay Beatty, 11, of Lurgan, County Armagh, won the Scottish Professional Football League Goal of the Month for January.

    Comments about him were allegedly posted on social media after Sunday's match between Celtic and Aberdeen.

    The 19-year-old man is due to appear at Aberdeen Sheriff Court at a later date.

     
  9.  
    08:05: Speed, bonnie blow...

    The equipment used to measure wind speeds on the Skye Bridge is to be examined to try to find out why the crossing has been closed so often in the last six months.

    Skye Bridge

    According to figures, it was shut to high-sided vehicles almost 100 times between September and January and closed to all vehicles 14 times.

    In the previous two years, the bridge was only closed once because of the weather.

     
  10.  
    07:57: Murphy's tuition fees pledge

    Scottish Labour leader Jim Murphy will today promise that his party will keep universities free of tuition fees - should they form the next government at Holyrood.

    Jim Murphy

    Mr Murphy will confirm the party's policy when he meets students in Glasgow.

    The MP will also announce a funding package "to ensure Scottish universities are properly supported alongside Labour's plan to reduce tuition fees in England".

    The SNP have accused Mr Murphy of "shameless hypocrisy" after he previously voted to impose tuition fees at Westminster.

     
  11.  
    07:51: Taxi drivers - 'you talking to me?'

    Taxi drivers in Dumfries and Galloway could get help with their English language skills as part of new proposals to improve the service.

    It is one of a range of measures being considered by the local licensing panel.

    Drivers could get English language help as part of proposals to improve the service

    Stricter medical standards, a dress code, customer care training and CCTV in vehicles could also be brought in.

    A report to the licensing panel is seeking agreement on whether or not to take the proposals forward.

     
  12.  
    07:42: Read all about it

    The Daily Record says "welfare axeman" Iain Duncan Smith has launched a new bid to hammer the poor.

    The Herald leads with the UK's privacy watchdog warning that plans to create a "super ID database" may lead to the creation of a national identity number for every Scot by default.

    Tuesday's newspapers

    Nicola Sturgeon has unveiled a £70m fund to help families on low and moderate incomes in Scotland buy their first homes, writes The Scotsman.

    Celtic defender Emilio Izaguirre is locked in a £240,000 legal fight over a "dodgy" property deal, according to the Scottish Sun.

    The National says a Labour MP's comments are piling pressure on Ed Miliband.

    Read our newspaper review here.

     
  13.  
    07:35: Goram: 'King is the man' Kenny Macintyre BBC Scotland

    Former Rangers favourite Andy Goram believes Dave King is the right man to bring the good times back to Ibrox.

    Former Rangers goalkeeper Andy Goram

    King, a Glaswegian now based in South Africa, aims to seize control at Rangers following Friday's extraordinary general meeting, which he called to oust the current board.

    "It's a massive thing for the fans to get King in," said Goram.

    "He's the man that the fans want. He's put his money in before, he's a Rangers man and he's a businessman."

     
  14.  
    07:28: Human trafficking bill

    MSPs are to begin taking evidence on new legislation to tackle human trafficking in Scotland.

    In 2013 there were 55 human trafficking victims identified in Scotland

    The Human Trafficking and Exploitation (Scotland) Bill aims to strengthen the law.

    It will introduce a new single offence and increase the maximum penalty for offenders to life imprisonment.

    Holyrood's justice committee will hear from Barnardo's Scotland, the Scottish Refugee Council and Victim Support Scotland.

     
  15.  
    @BBCScotWeather 'Snow and ice'

    Met Office yellow warnings issued for snow and ice. Wintry showers continue - here's the latest radar picture.

    Snow and ice warning
     
  16.  
    @BBCHighlands Inverness under snow

    Overnight snow blankets Inverness this morning...

    Snow in Inverness
     
  17.  
    07:20: Plane 'dived after lightning strike'

    The Air Accidents Investigation Branch (AAIB) has published a report into a serious incident as a plane approached Sumburgh airport in Shetland.

    Sumburgh airport

    The aircraft was struck by lightning and went into a steep dive.

    During the incident last December, the pilots initially struggled to control the plane due to a misunderstanding involving the autopilot system.

    Control was eventually regained and the plane diverted to Aberdeen. There were no injuries.

     
  18.  
    07:18: Pun in the oven...

    On Monday, we asked you to send us your favourite shop pun names.

    Captain Dugwash, Airdrie

    Here are our favourites.

     
  19.  
    07:12: Inequality speech

    Tackling inequality would generate £1,600 more per head of population, according to the Scottish government.

    Nicola Sturgeon

    In a speech later, First Minister Nicola Sturgeon will highlight new analysis of research by the Organisation of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).

    Ms Sturgeon will argue that policies which are fair and equal will lead to greater prosperity.

    The UK government insists its austerity policies have led to record employment levels in Scotland.

     
  20.  
    @BBCTravelScot Jack-knifed lorry BBC Scotland Travel Latest

    Westbound #M8 - a jack-knifed lorry - one lane is closed at J4a Heartlands - between the slips... slow and wintry.

     
  21.  
    07:06: Stabbing near school

    A teenager has been arrested in connection with an alleged serious assault outside a school in the southside of Glasgow.

    Holyrood Secondary

    Two 14-year-old boys were injured in the incident which happened close to Holyrood Secondary at about 13:20.

    It is understood the boys were stabbed. One was taken to the Victoria Infirmary and the other did not require hospital treatment.

    Police Scotland said a 15-year-old boy had been arrested.

     
  22.  
    @BBCScotWeather 'More wintry' showers' BBC Scotland Weather Latest

    Morning, Gillian here. Ice risk this A.M. more wintry showers to come, especially in the West. Turning to rain/sleet at low levels later. Windy, 5C.

     
  23.  
    07:02: Tributes to Scotland legend

    Tributes have been paid to Scotland legend Dave Mackay who has died, aged 80.

    The Edinburgh-born midfielder won 10 major honours as a player in British and European football, starring for Hearts, Tottenham and Derby County.

    The late Scotland and Hearts midfielder Dave Mackay

    He also won 22 caps for his country and was named 'Footballer of the Year' in both Scotland and England.

    Hearts described Mackay as "a fearless defender regarded as the club's greatest-ever player, Dave won the league title, Scottish Cup and Scottish League Cup (twice) with Hearts before going on to star for Tottenham Hotspur and Derby County".

    The Edinburgh club also quoted the late midfielder as saying: "For as long as I can remember, all I wanted in my life, nothing else, was to play for Hearts, which is my dream team. And to play for Scotland - I had no ambition for anything else. Always Hearts."

     
  24.  
    07:00: Good morning Graham Fraser BBC Scotland

    Rise and shine! Welcome to Tuesday's edition of Scotland Live. We will bring you all the latest news and sport throughout the day, with a little weather and travel mixed in.

    You can get involved with the big stories by emailing us your opinions at newsonlinescotland@bbc.co.uk

     

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