Scottish independence: BBC services might not be free, says ex-Trust member

BBC Scotland BBC Scotland is based at Pacific Quay in Glasgow

Access to BBC services in an independent Scotland "would require a great deal of negotiation", a former BBC Trust member has claimed.

Jeremy Peat told MSPs that Scottish viewers might not have "free and unfettered" access to all BBC services.

He suggested that digital services could be cut off and viewers could be required to pay for other services.

The Scottish government said viewers "would still be able to watch all the BBC's output post-independence".

Mr Peat, appearing before the Scottish Parliament's education and culture committee, argued: "I don't think there can be the presumption that access would continue on a free and unfettered basis to all services."

In response to a question from Liberal Democrat MSP Liam McArthur on what was likely to happen in the event of a Yes vote in September's referendum, Mr Peat said: "So far as access to BBC services is concerned post-independence, my understanding is DTT (digital terrestrial television) could be cut off close to the border."

'Requirement to pay'

He added: "Already so far as the iPlayer is concerned and the web is concerned, for countries outwith the UK there is a requirement to pay for access and a somewhat different service is provided.

"I would assume that the starting point again would be that those services would be available to Scotland as an independent nation in a different way from the way they are at the moment, for payment, and potentially a different service."

Mr Peat, who was a member of the BBC's governing body from 2005 to 2010, said viewers in Ireland had "access to the majority of BBC services" but that he believed it was on "a commercial basis".

Viewers in the UK pay a TV licence fee to fund the BBC. The Republic of Ireland's public service broadcaster, RTE, is funded through a licence fee and by advertising.

In 2010 the governments of the UK and the Republic of Ireland signed a memorandum of understanding enabling "the widespread availability of RTE services in Northern Ireland on a free-to-air basis, and BBC services in Ireland on a paid for basis".

Scottish Broadcasting Service

In its White Paper on independence, the Scottish government proposed the establishment of a Scottish Broadcasting Service (SBS).

The SBS would be funded by the licence fee and would supply programmes to the BBC in return for access to BBC programmes.

"The deal that is set out is extremely attractive to Scotland if it can be negotiated and implemented, but I am simply saying it is not a deal that can be deemed done until negotiations and discussions have taken place," Mr Peat told the committee.

Lorne Boswell from the actors' union, Equity, told the same committee: "The BBC is part of the social union of these islands and we should keep the BBC after independence."

Mr Boswell, Equity's Scottish secretary, said he could "see no reason why STV couldn't be the national broadcaster" in an independent Scotland.

However, the White Paper says that "existing licences for broadcasters in Scotland will be fully honoured" and commercial broadcaster STV's current deal with the ITV network is set to continue until 2024.

Licence payers 'entitled'

A Scottish government spokesman said: "Viewers across Scotland would still be able to watch all the BBC's output post-independence, just as they do now.

"The BBC is watched, as live, in Ireland, the Netherlands and Switzerland, so it makes no sense to suggest that an independent Scotland would be uniquely blocked.

"The fact is, Scottish licence fee payers have contributed to the BBC and would be entitled to a reasonable share of that asset following independence.

"Viewers and listeners would continue to receive the programmes and channels they currently enjoy, but with significantly more programmes being commissioned and produced in Scotland."

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Scotland Decides: SCOTLAND VOTES NO

  1. No 1,914,187
  2. Yes 1,539,920
After 31 of 32 counts Results in detail

Referendum Live

  1.  
    David Mundell MP 08:10: Referendum reaction

    Scottish Conservative MP tweets: Was it only 24 hours ago that I was queuing up outside Moffat Town Hall to vote? As we have seen a long time in Scottish politics!

     
  2.  
    08:09: How the No side won

    Vanessa Barford examines how Better Together managed to win the Scottish independence referendum.

    No thanks
     
  3.  
    08:08: 'Business as usual' Douglas Fraser Business and economy editor, Scotland

    Clydesdale Bank statement: business as usual, with strong roots in Scotland.

     
  4.  
    08:03: Throws down the gauntlet Andrew Marr, broadcaster and journalist BBC News

    What started as a vote on whether Scotland would leave the UK has ended with an extraordinary constitutional revolution announced outside Downing Street by the Prime Minister.

    It throws down the gauntlet to the Labour party that we are going to see very big change coming and it had better come quickly.

    We always used to be told that if you laid all the economists in the world end to end they still wouldn't reach a conclusion and I think that could be said often about parliamentary committees and inquiries and commissions.

    Well it can't happen this time because it's not taking place in a sealed room with the Westminster parties, the old smug consensus, getting round an argument with each other as before.

    This is really taking place in a huge glass house, being watched by all the Scottish voters and by millions of people around the UK.

    What the Scottish shock has done is produce a constitutional revolution on a very, very tight timetable. Possibly the most exciting political story in my lifetime.

     
  5.  
    08:00: In Pictures

    Our picture gallery on the story of the day and night, from the polling stations to the reaction in George Square.

    George Square reaction
     
  6.  
    @chrisshipitv 07:58: Chris Ship, Deputy Political Editor, ITV News

    Chris Ship, Deputy Political Editor, ITV News tweets: I see the #indyref story is very quickly moving to England. I can imagine the reaction in Scotland to that is "what's new?"

     
  7.  
    07:57: Cameron: Key quotes

    David Cameron closed his statement by saying: "This referendum has been hard fought, it has stirred strong passions, it has electrified politics in Scotland and caught the imagination of people across the whole of our United Kingdom.

    "It will be remembered as a powerful demonstration of the strength and vitality of our ancient democracy."

     
  8.  
    07:53: The verdict from abroad

    The BBC's Diplomatic Correspondent Bridget Kendall reports on how nations around the world will react following a No vote on Scottish independence.

    Catalan campaigners
     
  9.  
    07:52: Hague appointment

    Just a reminder of another appointment made by David Cameron who said the leader of the Commons, William Hague, alongside a Cabinet committee, will draw up plans to allow English MPs to decide the outcome of laws that only apply to England.

     
  10.  
    07:50: Cameron: Key quotes

    "Now the debate has been settled for a generation, or as Alex Salmond has said: 'Perhaps for a lifetime'. So their can be no disputes, no re-runs, we have heard the will of the Scottish people.

    "Scotland voted for a stronger Scottish parliament backed by the strength and security of the United Kingdom and I want to congratulate the No campaign for that, for showing people that our nations really are Better Together.

    "I also want to pay tribute to Yes Scotland for a well-fought campaign and to say to all those who did vote for independence 'we hear you'."

     
  11.  
    07:48: Cameron: Key quotes

    Prime Minister David Cameron: "The people of Scotland have spoken and it is a clear result. They have kept our country of four nations together and like millions of other people I am delighted.

    "As I said during the campaign, it would have broken my heart to see our United Kingdom come to an end.

    "And I know that sentiment was shared by people not just across our country but around the world because of what we have achieved together in the past, and what we can do together in the future.

    David Cameron

    "So, now it is time for our United Kingdom to come together and to move forward.

    "A vital part of that will be a balanced settlement, fair to people in Scotland and importantly to everyone in England, Wales and Northern Ireland as well.

    "To those in Scotland sceptical of the constitutional promises that were made, let me say this: we have delivered on devolution under this government and we will do so again in the next parliament.

    "The three pro-Union parties have made commitments, clear commitments on further powers for the Scottish Parliament.

    "We will ensure that those commitments are honoured in full."

     
  12.  
    07:46: 'No means a landslide'

    Diane Abbott MP tweets: The 6 million strong city of London (& other cities) must get powers to parallel those being devolved to Scotland #indyref.

    British actor Simon Pegg tweets: Feel sad for those who campaigned hard for a Yes vote. Hopefully some meaningful change will come of this. It was by no means a landslide.

     
  13.  
    07:45: Voter turnout Gary Robertson BBC Radio Scotland

    Official turnout in #indyref verified as 84.6% #bbcgms.

     
  14.  
    07:43: Your emails from Australia

    Paul Gibbings from Melbourne wrote: "John Lennon would be happy, he wanted less countries not more. There needs to be an example set, the world needs to unify."

    Martin Cooper emailed: "Please let the vote result be a peaceful one without reprisals and animosity."

     
  15.  
    @jonsnowc4 07:41: Jon Snow, Channel 4 News

    Channel 4 News presenter tweets: Damp calm pervades Edinburgh... many I have spoken to, whether YES or NO, deeply mistrust Westminster's will to deliver promised reforms

     
  16.  
    07:39: UKIP reaction

    UKIP leader Nigel Farage tells BBC Radio 4's Today: "I'm writing to Scottish MPs to say please commit from today not to vote or debate at Westminster on English issues."

     
  17.  
    07:38: The Key Moment

    Watch the moment when it became official that Scotland had voted No in the independence referendum.

    Scotland votes No
     
  18.  
    07:35: Robinson analysis of Cameron Nick Robinson Political editor

    What is really new is not what he's saying about Scotland - it's what he's saying about England. Specifically a promise to bring in English votes for English laws - a Tory manifesto promise that he didn't deliver on and that there was no coalition agreement to which, in simple terms, means this: Within Westminster when there are matters being discussed which the Welsh Assembly has responsibility for or the Scottish Parliament or the Northern Ireland Assembly that those MPs for should not be allowed to vote in Westminster.

     
  19.  
    07:33: RBS statement Kamal Ahmed BBC Business editor

    Royal Bank of Scotland has given a statement to the BBC's business editor, Kamal Ahmed, it says: "The announcement we made about moving our registered head office to England was part of a contingency plan to ensure certainty and stability for our customers, staff and shareholders should there be a 'Yes' vote. That contingency plan is no longer required. Following the result it is business as usual for all our customers across the UK and RBS."

     
  20.  
    Magnus Gardham 07:32: Devolution move

    The editor of the Daily Herald tweets: Cameron announces @Glasgow2014 chair Lord Smith of Kelvin is to oversee the issue of devolution #indyref

     
  21.  
    07:31: Analysis Andrew Black Political reporter, BBC Scotland

    Now there's been a "No" vote, David Cameron used his speech to aim to show the UK government is immediately grabbing the initiative by announcing Lord Smith of Kelvin, a former BBC governor, to oversee the implementation of more devolution on tax, spending and welfare.

    He said draft legislation would be ready by January, as per the timetable laid out by Mr Cameron's predecessor as PM, Gordon Brown.

    Mr Cameron knows he has to move quickly, to avoid any accusation from the SNP - which of course is still forms Scotland's government - that his more powers pledge was a pre-referendum bribe.

     
  22.  
    07:30: Market reaction

    Mike Amey, managing director and portfolio manage at bond trader PIMCO, tells Today he expects the markets to open higher as a result of the Scottish referendum result. "It will be back to the data for our traders and what the Bank of England will do [on interest rates]."

     
  23.  
    07:26: The scene in Edinburgh Andrew Kerr BBC News

    Dawn is breaking here at the Scottish Parliament. It's a misty, murky autumn morning. Yes supporters are still gathering outside Holyrood.

     
  24.  
    Tweet @bbcscotlandnews 07:24: Get involved

    There have been nearly 180,000 tweets about the Referendum between 6am and 7am this morning. That's up 10% on the previous hour.

    The top tweet in the last hour is from BBC News: "Scotland has rejected independence, #indyref results confirm" retweeted over 6,500 times.

    One of the most shared photos is of a no supporter, wearing a union flag hat and shirt.

    You can join the conversation by using #indyref, tweet @BBCPolitics or go to the BBC News page on Facebook.

     
  25.  
    07:20: UK is stronger - Miliband

    Labour leader Ed Miliband tweets: Our United Kingdom is stronger today than it was yesterday.

     
  26.  
    07:18: 'Settled for a generation' Chris Mason Political correspondent, BBC News

    PM says independence question in Scotland has been 'settled for a generation, or, as Alex Salmond said, perhaps a lifetime.' #bbcindyref

     
  27.  
    07:14: Analysis Brian Taylor Political editor, Scotland

    David Cameron says there is clear support for maintaining the union. It is time now for the UK to come together - with a "balanced settlement" which is fair to Scotland and elsewhere in the UK.

    He says the debate on independence has been "settled for a generation": the settled will of the Scottish people. That latter a conscious echo of words delivered by John Smith about devolution.

    Prime Minister David Cameron

    Now, he says, there is a chance to change the way the British people are governed. Once more, emphasis on all the constituent parts of the UK.

    Insists the promises for Scotland will be delivered "in full". Lord Smith of Kelvin to oversee that process. England, Wales and NI must have bigger say too. A new and fair settlement across the UK.

    More powers for Wales. Make devolved institutions function effectively in NI. But now England must be heard. In short, he wants a decisive answer on West Lothian - with English votes on English issues. William Hague to work on that. To the same timetable as the Scottish action.

    Challenges: can it be done to the timetable; will not some, perhaps many, at Westminster want to move on to other issues; will not the UK parties be focused on fighting the General Election rather than agreeing on the constitution.

     
  28.  
    07:12: Lord Smith appointment

    David Cameron says Lord Smith of Kelvin, chairman of the Glasgow 2014 Commonwealth Games, is to oversee the process of further devolution.

    Draft laws on new powers for Scotland will be published by January, he adds.

     
  29.  
    07:11: Cameron: Devolution pledge

    "We have delivered on devolution and we will do so in the next parliament," adds the prime minister.

    Prime Minister David Cameron

    "We will ensure that those commitments are honoured in full."

     
  30.  
    07:09: Cameron: Referendum was right

    "It was right that we respected the SNP's majority in Holyrood and gave the Scottish people the right to have their say," adds the prime minister outside Downing Street.

    "There can be no disputes. No re-runs. We have heard the settled will of the Scottish people."

    England, Wales and Northern Ireland "should be able to vote" on tax, spending and welfare, he continues.

     
  31.  
    07:08: Cameron 'move forward'

    David Cameron says: "It is time for our United Kingdom to come together and move forward."

    The prime minister credits both sides of the debate for a "hard fought campaign".

     
  32.  
    07:07: Breaking News

    David Cameron says: "The people of Scotland have spoken and it is a clear result. They have kept our country of four nations together and like millions of other people I am delighted."

     
  33.  
    07:06: George Square tensions Ken Macdonald BBC Scotland Science Correspondent

    Police trying to defuse a standoff in Glasgow's George Square between remaining Yes campaigners and a handful of No supporters waving union flags.

    George Square after No vote
     
  34.  
    07:02: Reaction from Germany

    Katrin Göring-Eckhardt, parliamentary leader of German Green Party, said: "The No victory is a huge relief for me. It prevents a further fragmentation of Europe. But the close race shows that people want more participation."

    Ms Göring-Eckhardt made the comments on German public TV ZDF Morning Magazine.

     
  35.  
    07:00: Argyll clear-up

    Result 6am, room cleared by 6.10am. That's showbiz... and politics.

    Argyll
     
  36.  
    07:04: Cameron statement

    Prime Minister David Cameron is about to speak outside Number 10 Downing Street.

     
  37.  
    07:00: Analysis Brian Taylor Political editor, Scotland

    Alex Salmond thanks Scotland for 1.6m votes for independence. Acknowledging that there is a majority for No, he urges all in Scotland to accept that outcome.

    The conduct of the plebiscite - and the turnout - are, he says, part of a triumph for the democratic process and for participation in politics.

    First Minister Alex Salmond

    Turning to the consequences, he pledges to work constructively in the interests of Scotland and of the rest of the United Kingdom. Explicitly, he says that the promise of more powers must be honoured "in rapid course".

    A clear indication, once more, of the direction which the SNP will follow: demanding and driving change.

    Equally, though, Mr Salmond is speaking at a rostrum with a logo stating "One Scotland". His approach, therefore, offers a consensual tone following a closely fought and, by simple definition, potentially divisive referendum.

    At the same time, however, he identifies a "scare and a fear" at the heart of the Westminster establishment.

    But his conclusion is that there will be further progress. Not independence. But change.

     
  38.  
    06:58: No vote confirmed

    Chief counting officer Mary Pitcaithly: "It is clear that the majority of people voting have voted No to the referendum question."

     
  39.  
    06:57: 'Up for the fight' Andrew Black Political reporter, BBC Scotland

    The pro-independence business group Business for Scotland is highly sceptical that proper new powers will come to the devolved parliament from Westminster. Chief Executive Gordon MacIntyre-Kemp, says: "We will get nothing without a fight - but we are up for that fight."

     
  40.  
    06:55: RBS reaction expected Kamal Ahmed, BBC Business Editor

    With No confirmed as the winner in the referendum, we can expect the Royal Bank of Scotland to say there is now no need to move domicile to London. The bank had prepared for a "Yes" vote by saying last week that it would move its headquarters from Edinburgh. I wouldn't be surprised if Ross McEwan, the chief executive, re-iterated the bank's commitment to Scotland. I am sure RBS's executives are relieved that the upheaval of independence will now not happen.

     
  41.  
    06:50: Darling 'get on with it together'

    Mr Darling adds: "We must also recognise the debate has created some deep divisions in our country. It has been a campaign that has energised and divided."

    Better Together's Alistair Darling

    He stresses that those divisions must be addressed and everyone has a part to play in bringing the country together.

    Mr Darling ends his speech by saying: "Come on Scotland, let's get on with it together."

     
  42.  
    06:49: A new dawn

    Scotland has voted No to independence, and this is how the result was reflected on the BBC's headquarters in Pacific Quay in Glasgow.

    BBC headquarters after No vote
     
  43.  
    06:10: FIFE RESULT

    "No" wins by 139,788 to 114,148.

    That is 55% for "No" and 45% for "Yes"

    Total votes was 253,936. Turnout was 84%

     
  44.  
    06:46: Lamont on Salmond's speech

    Scottish Labour leader Johann Lamont, speaking on Radio 4's Today programme, questioned the tone of the First Minister's speech. She said she understood the emotional pressure he was under, but hoped he would "reflect".

     
  45.  
    06:45: 'Austerity agenda' Andrew Black Political reporter, BBC Scotland

    Green MSP Patrick Harvie, a key figure in the Yes Scotland campaign, says he's "disappointed" with the result, but adds: "The strength of feeling expressed in the referendum cannot be ignored, and the UK government cannot be allowed to sweep Scotland aside.

    "Any further devolution must not force Holyrood to implement the UK's austerity agenda."

     
  46.  
    06:44: Darling: Silent have spoken

    Better Together campaign leader Alistair Darling thanks everyone who has worked to secure victory, adding: "We've taken on the argument and we've won. The silent have spoken."

     
  47.  
    06:44: Breaking News

    Better Together leader Alistair Darling says: "Today is a momentous result for Scotland but also for the United kingdom as a whole."

     
  48.  
    06:42: Clegg relief for 'family of nations'

    Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg will appear before the media in Edinburgh later this morning, but he's just said: "I'm absolutely delighted the Scottish people have taken this momentous decision to safeguard our family of nations for future generations. In a dangerous and uncertain world I have no doubt we are stronger, safer, and more prosperous together than we every could be apart."

    Mr Clegg adds: "A vote against independence was clearly not a vote against change and we must now deliver on time and in full the radical package of newly devolved powers to Scotland."

    He says the verdict marks not only a new chapter for Scotland within the UK but also wider constitutional reform across the Union.

     
  49.  
    06:41: 'Take forward'

    Douglas Alexander, shadow foreign secretary and part the Better Together campaign, says: "I think there needs to start today a process of reconciliation. Our challenge is to bring our nation together and take our nation forward."

     
  50.  
    06:40: Campaigners' reactions Laura Maxwell, BBC Scotland News

    There have been tears from "Yes" campaigners at Ingliston. But one lady told me she was realistic before coming here this evening, and 45% of the vote was still a vote for change.

    One senior figure from the Conservatives told me he had been at many counts in Ingliston, but rarely on the winning side - he said it was definitely less tiring being on this side of the vote.

     
  51.  
    06:38: Analysis John Curtice Professor of politics at Strathclyde University

    The variation in No support in different kind of councils is very much in line with some of the expectations in advance of the night about the kinds of places in which the No campaign would do relatively well.

    No supporters

    The No vote was generally higher in places with a relatively high migrant population from the rest of the UK, in places with a relatively high middle-class population, in places where there are more older people and in the more rural half of Scotland. These patterns are illustrated by the following figures:

    1 - the No vote has averaged 64% in those councils where more than 12% of the population was born in the rest of the UK and just 53% in those where less than 8% were born elsewhere in the UK

    2 - the No vote averaged 60% where more than 30% of the population are professional and managerial but only 51% where less than 26% are in professional managerial occupations.

    3 - the No vote was 61% on average in those places where more than 24% of the population were aged 65 and over but only 51% where less than 21% are over 65 and over

    4 - the No vote at 60% was higher in the more rural half of Scotland than in the more urban half where it averaged just 53%.

     
  52.  
    06:37: Campaign leaders react
    Salmond graphic

    We're hearing there will also be reaction from Better Together leader Alistair Darling within the hour.

     
  53.  
    06:36: Handing over

    The website's overnight referendum coverage was brought to you by - Andrew Black, Steve Brocklehurst, Marianne Taylor, Aiden James, Martin Currie, Laura Pettigrew, Rob Corp, David Martin, Stuart Nicolson, Louise Sayers, Deirdre Kelly, Cath Lyst, Tom Housden, Jonathan Austin, Carol Duncan, Jamie Ross, Doug Kennedy, Tom Moseley, Graham Gillies, Craig Frew, Kimberley Patterson, Scott Currie, Paul Mcfadyen Oliver Thompson.

     
  54.  
    06:35: Highest Yes votes

    The local authorities will the highest proportion of Yes votes are:

    Dundee 57%

    West Dunbartonshire 54%

    Glasgow 53%

    North Lanarkshire 51%

     
  55.  
    Analysis 06:34: What happens now? Andrew Black Political reporter, BBC Scotland
  56.  
    06:33: Cameron statement James Landale Deputy political editor

    David Cameron's advisers say he will make a "significant statement" when he speaks shortly after 07:00.

     
  57.  
    Email Haveyoursay@bbc.co.uk 06:32: Join the conversation

    Ian Rochester in Northumberland asks: 55% of the Scottish voting population have decided on retaining the "status quo" between Scotland and the rest on Great Britain, so why are people now saying that fundamental changes must now happen?

     
  58.  
    06:31: Celebrations from No Laura Maxwell BBC Scotland

    Robbie MacNiven, 22, from Inverness and 21-year-old Solvein Siem from Norway celebrate the No vote at Ingliston.

    Robbie MacNiven, 22, from Inverness and 21-year-old Solvein Siem from Norway celebrate the No vote at Ingliston.
     
  59.  
    @TogetherDarling 06:28: Alistair Darling

    Alistair Darling, leader of the Better Together campaign tweets: An extraordinary night. Humbled by the level of support and the efforts of our volunteers. Will give speech in Glasgow shortly. #indyref

     
  60.  
    06:28: Cameron statement Cameron tweet

    David Cameron tweets: I'll be making a statement following the Scottish Referendum results just after 7am. #indyref

     
  61.  
    06:26: Salmond: 'Forward as one nation'

    Mr Salmond ended his speech by saying: "We shall go forward as one nation."

     
  62.  
    06:25: Salmond 'not business as usual'

    "We have touched sections of the community who have never been touched before by politics. These communities have touched us... I don't think that will ever be allowed to go back to business as usual in politics again."

    Alex Salmond
     
  63.  
    06:24: Scotland deserves 'enormous credit'

    Mr Salmond added: "I think the process by which we have made our decision as a nation reflects enormous credit upon Scotland. A turnout of 86% is one of the highest of the democratic world, in any election or any referendum in history."

     
  64.  
    06:21: Salmond 'accepts' electorate's verdict

    Mr Salmond said he "accepted the verdict of the people and called on Scotland to accept the democratic verdict of the people of Scotland".

    "I call on all of Scotland to follow suit in accepting the democratic will of the people of Scotland," he adds.

     
  65.  
    06:20: Darling tweet

    Alistair Darling tweets: An extraordinary night. Humbled by the level of support and the efforts of our volunteers. Will give speech in Glasgow shortly. #indyref

     
  66.  
    06:19: Salmond speaks

    Alex Salmond says he now knows there will be a majority for the No campaigners.

    "Our referendum was an agreed and consented process. Scotland has decided No at this stage to become and independent country and I accept that verdict."

     
  67.  
    06:18: Salmond cheered by supporters

    Alex Salmond has thanked 1.6 million Scottish voters for voting for independence.

    Mr Salmond was cheered by supporters in Edinburgh moments after Better Together won the independence referendum to ensure Scotland remains part of the UK.

     
  68.  
    Breaking News

    Following the result in Fife, the official result is in. Scotland has voted No to independence.

     
  69.  
    06:05: ARGYLL AND BUTE

    "No" wins by 37,143 to 26,324.

    That is 58.5% for "No" and 41.5% for "Yes".

    Total votes was 63,467. Turnout was 88.1%

     
  70.  
    06:03: ABERDEENSHIRE RESULT

    "No" wins by 108,606 to 71,337.

    That's 60.4% "No" to 39.6% "Yes".

    Total votes 179,943. Turnout 87%.

     
  71.  
    06:02: EDINBURGH RESULT

    "No" wins by 194,638 to 123,927

    That is 61% "No" to "39%" Yes.

    Total votes 318,565 Turnout 84.3%

     
  72.  
    05:51: Sturgeon concedes defeat

    Deputy First Minister Nicola Sturgeon has conceded that the No side have won the referendum.

     
  73.  
    05:50: Ingliston tears Laura Maxwell BBC Scotland

    There have been tears from "Yes" campaigners at Ingliston this evening. But one lady told me she was realistic before coming here this evening, saying 45% of the vote was still a vote for change.

    One senior figure from the Conservatives told me he'd been at many counts in Ingliston, but rarely on the winning side - he said it was definitely "less tiring".

     
  74.  
    05:45: A nation speaks Andrew Black Political reporter, BBC Scotland

    And so, Scotland was asked, and, it seems, a nation has answered.

    Even though the predicted "No" result in the Scottish independence referendum will see it remain in the United Kingdom, the nation has changed forever.

    While voters in Scotland expressed a desire to keep the nation in the UK, it's also become clear the current devolution settlement is not enough.

    And while many will wonder what First Minister Alex Salmond's next move is, focus will also turn to the pro-Union political parties - Labour, the Conservatives and Liberal Democrats, to make good on their promise on delivering new powers to the devolved Edinburgh parliament.

    This strategy was dismissed by the independence campaign as an election bribe, but given the Conservative and Labour leaders David Cameron and Ed Miliband have put their names to it - and one of these two men will probably be the next prime minister - they'll now have to come good.

     
  75.  
    05:44: No party loyalties

    Prof Charlie Jeffrey said party loyalties do not seem to have mattered in the vote.

    He said: "We have seen results in Labour strongholds like Glasgow and North Lanarkshire where there has been a "Yes" vote, and in SNP strongholds like Angus and Perthshire there has been a "No" vote.

    "What we have found is a very strong correlation between the Yes vote and a higher level of unemployment.

    "But also a slightly less strong relationship between the more British you feel the less likely you are to vote "Yes".

    "These seem to be more significant influences than political party in the outcome."

     
  76.  
    05:41: Pound strengthens

    This chart shows how the pound has faired against the dollar since the polls closed on Thursday evening. As you can see it's strengthened from a low of $1.63 to above $1.65. In currency market terms that's a huge move in a short space of time.

    Pound versus dollar
     
  77.  
    05:41: Impact on the SNP Brian Taylor Political editor, Scotland

    If there is a "No" vote - as seems likely - what might be the impact upon the SNP? Clearly, there would be a period of introspection. But would the party fragment? I think not.

    Firstly, even if the vote is lost, this would be a good performance for the wider independence cause.

    Secondly, the SNP is not the same party as the one which faced a rethink in the aftermath of the very different referendum in 1979.

    The Nationalists are now a party of government, a decidedly outward-looking and professional outfit.

    Thirdly, and perhaps most significantly, there would be a clear role for the SNP in acting as a form of chief whip, driving the demands for further change: both constitutional and in the lives of people.

     
  78.  
    05:40: Cameron tweet

    David Cameron tweets: I've spoken to Alistair Darling - and congratulated him on an well-fought campaign. #indyref

     
  79.  
    05:39: Salmond tweet

    Alex Salmond tweets: Well done to Glasgow, our commonwealth city, and to the people of Scotland for such a incredible support

     
  80.  
    05:38: Yes progress John Curtice Professor of politics at Strathclyde University

    Although the "Yes" side has clearly lost and it has not done as well as it did in the final opinion polls, it has clearly done better than the polls were anticipating at the beginning of August.

    The "Yes" campaign did make progress in the final weeks of the campaign.

     
  81.  
    05:36: Analysis John Curtice Professor of politics at Strathclyde University

    Those areas with more middle-class folk were more likely to vote "No" than those areas with more working class people.

    Those areas where there were more people who have come to Scotland after being born in the rest of the UK have a relatively high "No" vote.

    Thirdly, those places with a relatively older population are again the places where "No" did well.

    Although it is true that the overall "Yes" vote seems to be below what the opinion polls were predicting - it looks as if it might be short by three points or so - that is not uncommon in these referendums where people are being asked to make a big change. They often draw back at the last minute.

     
  82.  
    05:36: Time to re-cap
    No supporter A supporter from the "No" Campaign watches as votes are announced, at the Better Together Campaign headquarters in Glasgow

    With just a handful of declarations to go, it's probably best to summarise where we are at....

     
  83.  
    05:34: 'Scotland has changed'

    The status quo is officially not popular tonight. "Scotland has changed," Lib Dem MP Michael Moore says. "It is inconceivable that we would just sit and tolerate the status quo."

     
  84.  
    05:33: Better Together Eleanor Bradford BBC Scotland Health Correspondent

    Historian and broadcaster Dan Snow says he "hoped, believed and prayed you would vote for shared bonds of citizenship" so that we can "face very real challenges we all face together, and not separately."

     
  85.  
    05:32: Salmond statement Sarah Smith, BBC Scotland News presenter

    We are expecting to hear a statement from Alex Salmond from his official residence at 10:00.

     
  86.  
    05:30: Yes party Ken Macdonald BBC Scotland Science Correspondent

    Dwindling numbers here at the "Yes" party. Among those who remain, are those eyes bleary or teary?

     
  87.  
    05:29: Holyrood supporters Andrew Kerr BBC News

    A large crowd has been outside the Scottish Parliament at Holyrood, keeping an all-night vigil. Some are drifting away now. It's fairly noisy and there are Saltires being waved. Bottles are being cleared away.

    Yes supporters
     
  88.  
    05:28: 'No mandate'

    "The status quo has not got any kind of endorsement or mandate tonight," Nicola Sturgeon says.

     
  89.  
    05:27: 'Absolutely believed'

    Nicola Sturgeon says she "absolutely believed in my heart and in my head" that the "Yes" campaign would win the referendum.

     
  90.  
    Tweet @bbcscotlandnews 05:23: Get involved

    There were 115,000 tweets about the referendum between 04:00 and 05:00, up 45% on the previous hour.

    Top tweet in the last hour has come from @BBCBreaking: "Scotland's #indyref totals after 7 of 32 declarations: Yes 172,426 (49.1%) No 178,811 (50.9%)" retweeted 2,600 times.

    Join the conversation by using #indyref

     
  91.  
    05:21: 'Work with anyone'

    Nicola Sturgeon says she will work with "anyone in any way" to secure more powers for Scotland.

     
  92.  
    Tweet using #indyref 05:20: Get involved

    Derek Morison tweets: #indyref I spent 4 hours handing out YES leaflets at 2 Glasgow polling stations... and I find it extremely difficult to believe those figures

     
  93.  
    05:20: 'Changed forever'

    Deputy First Minister Nicola Sturgeon tells the BBC the projected result is "a deep personal and political disappointment" but argues that "the country has been changed forever".

     
  94.  
    05:20: Moore welcome

    Former Scottish Secretary Michael Moore welcomes the projected referendum result, adding that "the establishment" in Scotland is the SNP Scottish government.

     
  95.  
    05:19: 'Move forward together' Brian Taylor Political editor, Scotland

    Deputy First Minister Nicola Sturgeon says there is no endorsement of the status quo.

    She says there is plainly a huge appetite for change.

    An indication of the ultimate response of the SNP: that they have a significant role in pressing the demands for change.

    "Move forward together," says the Deputy First Minister. And she confirms her party will work with anyone to deliver substantial new powers for the Scottish Parliament.

    nicola sturgeon
     
  96.  
    05:18: 'Status quo'

    Comedian and independence campaigner Hardeep Singh Kohli says he felt that the "Yes" campaign had to deal with "the establishment" including the media, Westminster and big business.

    He asks how the Better Together campaign will manage to deliver its promises. "Scotland has voted for the status quo," he says. "Scotland will get the status quo."

     
  97.  
    05:17: Margin of victory John Curtice Professor of politics at Strathclyde University

    The BBC is predicting on the basis of 26 results declared so far that the "No" side are going to win the referendum with 55% of the vote while "Yes" will secure 45% of the vote.

    This margin of victory is some three points greater than that anticipated by the final opinion polls.

     
  98.  
    05:17: BBC forecast

    The BBC forecast is that Scotland has voted "No" to independence, with 26 out of 32 local authority areas declared.

     
  99.  
    05:15: BBC FORECAST: SCOTLAND VOTES NO

    Referendum result projected to reject independence.

     
  100.  
    05:11: EAST AYRSHIRE RESULT

    "No" wins by 44,442 to 39,762.

    That is 53% "No" to 47% "Yes".

    Total votes 84,262. Turnout 84.5%.

     

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