Scottish independence: What might happen to?

If people in Scotland voted for independence would there be border controls for dogs and would Royal Mail be renationalised?

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Scotland's Future graphic

Go to the BBC's Scotland's Future page for analysis, background and explainers.

These are just a couple of questions sent in by BBC news website readers focusing on what might happen in the event of a Yes vote on 18 September.

Do you have a referendum-related question? If so, email it to newsonlinescotland@bbc.co.uk (Please put "referendum questions" in the message field)

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Border collie
A pug getting ready to travel
David Beattie asks: "In an independent Scotland, would there be border controls for dogs between Scotland and the remainder of the UK?"

It's unlikely that your dog would have to show his or her passport at the Scottish border, as long as Scotland becomes an EU member.

The Scottish government says that, within the EU, Scottish pets would be free to holiday throughout Europe.

A Scottish government spokesperson said: "Existing EU rules for both commercial (Council Directive 92/65/EEC) and non-commercial (EC Regulation 998/2003) movement of pets into Scotland from all other Member States and third countries would remain unchanged."

However, a Better Together spokesperson said: "Everything would be up for negotiation if we leave the UK and reapply to join the EU."

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The Open
The Open trophy in St Andrews
Andrew Higgins asks: "Will it be possible for the Open to be played on Scottish courses as it is a UK event and there is a separate Scottish Open?"

The R&A, based in St Andrews, is the ruling authority for golf throughout the world (outside of the United States and Mexico) and decides which venues will host The Open championship.

It confirmed that The Open would definitely be played at St Andrews in 2015 and Royal Troon in 2016 regardless of the referendum result, but it didn't want to speculate any further.

However, the Scottish government said: "Of the nine venues on the currently established Open rota, five are in Scotland and we have worked closely with the R&A to establish consistent arrangements to prepare, deliver and maximise the opportunities from future Open Championships in Scotland.

"Scottish independence will not change that."‬

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Post independence
A postman
Fiona Stewart asks: "It is proposed that, should Scotland become independent, the Royal Mail will be brought back into a state-owned entity. As a Royal Mail shareholder, what happens to my shares? Do I have to sell them back to the Scottish government?"

The UK government still owns about a third of the Royal Mail, and the SNP-run Scottish government plans to negotiate for a share of that stake if Scotland becomes independent.

A Scottish government spokesperson added: "Individual shareholdings would not be affected as Royal Mail would continue as a private company in the rest of the UK, unless a UK government decided otherwise.

"Our approach will be considered in the light of circumstances at the point of independence, including the prevailing structure of the Royal Mail. It will also require negotiations with Westminster."

But a Better Together spokesperson responded: "The Nationalists say the Royal Mail will be renationalised but can't give any detail about how this would be paid for. It's just another item on the nationalists' uncosted wish list."

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Sterling in Stirling?
Pound coin
Alexander Hampton asks: "What are the downsides of Scotland using the pound without any agreement with the rest of the UK?"

BBC Scotland Economics Correspondent, Colletta Smith, explains: "Without a currency union, an independent Scotland wouldn't have a say in how the currency was controlled.

"When things get expensive because inflation is really high, then the Bank of England can cut interest rates to try and change that, and visa versa.

"If prices in Scotland start heading in a different direction to the rest of the UK - either up or down, then there would be very little that an independent Scotland could do to make sure the economy didn't overinflate, or underinflate.

"Many view the idea of pegging your currency to another, as equivalent to being on a rollercoaster ride without access to the controls."

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MEP map redrawn?
European parliament
Joshua Holman asks: "This year Scotland will elect its six MEPs along with the rest of the UK. If Scotland votes for independence next September, what happens to them?"

If an independent Scotland becomes an EU member, then MEPs elected this year won't be visiting the job centre.

The Scottish government said: "Whatever the outcome of the referendum, Scottish MEPs elected in May this year will serve a full term until the next elections in 2019.

"In terms of future representation, an independent Scotland stands to be better represented in Europe, and that includes having a higher number of MEPs. For example, Denmark, which is almost identical in population to Scotland, currently has 13 members - while Cyprus, which is much smaller, has six MEPs, the same as Scotland's current number."

But a Better Together spokesperson said: "The Prime Minister of Spain, EU legal experts, the President of the European Commission and the President of the European Council have all said a separate Scotland would need to reapply. The idea that everything would stay the same is fantasy."

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    Shop sales fall 10:22:

    Scottish shop sales fell last month despite a strong rise in the number of shoppers hitting the high streets, retailers have reported.

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  2.  
    Your views 10:15:

    BBC Scotland's Morning Call programme asked: Should grandparents be given more recognition?

    Fiona Mackay: I would have been a wreck if my mum and sister had not helped me with my two toddlers. I had two girls within two years and both in nappies at once. I was working full time and suffering sleep deprivation. I think grandparents should be paid the nursery grant if parents choose not to use nursery. Grandparents are the silent props of the economy and should be recognised for this.

    Jai texts: I am sick to the back teeth hearing about parents abdicating their duties about their children. Look after your child or don't have it.

    Muriel in Dumbarton: A wee medal for folk who not only mind their grandweans but are also saddled with their OWN parents who need help with household chores & shopping!

     
  3.  
    Ness Islands body find 10:07:

    The family of a woman whose body was found at Inverness' Ness Islands on Sunday have paid tribute to her.

    Charlotte Hornby

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    Snodgrass Scotland Blow 10:01:

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  5.  
    Replacing plaques 09:54:

    Three plaques stolen from famous Orkney Italian Chapel are set to be replaced.

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    It's Snow Joke... 09:46: John Beattie BBC Scotland

    "Just interviewed David Monteith from Mountaineering Council of Scotland who says there's been some settling snow on Ben Nevis and it's cold."

     
  7.  
    Your views 09:38:

    Is travelling by train still value for money?

    Sandy in Aberdeen: I travelled from Inverurie to Thurso return, and my wife went single journey - total cost £45. Great value and service with friendly helpful staff.

    Jim from Greenock: I recently travelled 400 miles across Portugal, 1st class, £27. It's shocking here.

    Beatrice in Dumfries: I would like to know how on earth the trains get away with NOT providing everyone with a seat. You wouldn't be allowed to stand on a bus, or in a car. Heck you'd even get prosecuted for not wearing the belt let alone standing!!

    Get involved: Text 80295 or tweet @BBCScotlandNews using #ScotlandLive

     
  8.  
    Exams report 09:31: Jamie McIvor BBC Scotland education correspondent

    Students studying for the qualifications that replaced Standard Grades faced too much assessment, according to an official report published today.

    Examhall

    The report says more work needs to be done to help the new National 4 and 5 qualifications bed in.

    Education Secretary Mike Russell said much had been achieved over the past year and it was important to continue to learn while the largest teachers' union the EIS said there was much to welcome in the report but expressed some reservations.

     
  9.  
    No Mubarak for Celtic clash 09:23:

    Wakaso Mubarak will not feature in Celtic's Champions League qualifier with Maribor.

    The Monday night signing deadline for the third-round qualifier passed without Celtic announcing the completion of a proposed loan deal for the Ghana winger from Rubin Kazan.

    Mubarak in action

    Celtic had agreed terms with the Russian top-flight club over a one-year deal for the 24-year-old.

    Wakaso, who was undergoing a medical in Moscow, has 19 caps for his country and appeared as a substitute in Ghana's 2-2 draw with Germany during this summer's World Cup finals in Brazil.

    He has been with Rubin Kazan in Russia's top flight since summer 2013, having previously played for Espanyol in Spain.

     
  10.  
    Your views 09:17:

    Is travelling by train still value for money?

    Willie in Wick texts: Train journeys in this part of the far north are still good value, but I have to admit from Inverness South it's the Gold Bus for me and my wife Glynis. Great comfort, practically non-stop three hours and twenty minutes to Buchanan Street Glasgow with refreshments on board and concessions, you can't beat it.

    Steve from Bathgate: In Berlin, I can travel from Schonefeld airport to the city centre (about 45 mins) for 2.50 euros. For the Bathgate to Edinburgh Haymarket trip (25 mins) it's £5. No, it's not value for money.

    Dennis in Aberdeen texts: If you are over 60 in Scotland you get free travel throughout, even including the luxury Gold express service, including tea coffee and scones taking you city centre to city centre entirely free. Its a great way to travel and see Scotland's cities on a minimum budget.

    Get involved: Text 80295 or tweet us @BBCScotlandNews

     
  11.  
    Education and independence 09:12: Jamie McIvor BBC Scotland education correspondent

    Here's the daily #indyref question - how does education and childcare fit into the debate? Read my answer here.

     
  12.  
    Million 'have inadequate housing' 09:04:

    Nearly one million Scots cannot afford adequate housing according to the largest study of poverty ever conducted in the UK.

    Poverty

    Researchers from universities across Britain, including Heriot-Watt and Glasgow, found that in Scotland more than 400,000 adults go without essential clothing while more than 200,000 children live in homes that are damp.

     
  13.  
    Travel update 08:56: BBC Scotland Travel Latest

    In Midlothian, roadworks mean the A6106 Millerhill Road is closed from The Wisp to the City Bypass.

    The A736 Lochlibo Road is closed between Barrhead and Shillford with traffic being diverted through Neilston.

    Elsewhere, Wellmeadow Street in Paisley is closed following a building fire at the weekend. This is also causing congestion on Castle Street and Well Street.

     
  14.  
    Broadcasting's future 08:48:

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    Blair Jenkins, chief executive of the Yes campaign and a former head of news at BBC Scotland, told Good Morning Scotland: "What we would have for the first time is what every other normal European country has, which is a national television channel, or perhaps more than one, showing programme that are relevant to people here.

    "There would be the full range of programmes. There would be certainly scope to commission drama and co-produce drama. I think there would be a lot of news and current affairs, journalism is very important, but also entertainment and everything else.

    He added: "There is no credible scenario in which we will not be watching BBC programmes and services that we currently enjoy. The bonus is that like other normal European countries we'll have our own domestic production base, which means more Scottish content and definitely more jobs."

     
  15.  
    08:44: The Evening Times

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    Murray seeded for US Open 08:36:

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    Andy Murray seeded

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  17.  
    Broadcasting's future 08:31:

    What happens to the BBC and broadcasting in general if there is an independence Yes vote?

    Shadow Secretary of State for Scotland, Margaret Curran, told Good Morning Scotland: "The proposals are to take Scotland out of the BBC and replace it with a new state broadcaster.

    "I think that would be bad for viewers and I think that would be very bad for the industry in Scotland because ultimately it would lead to a higher licence fee or lower quality.

    "Currently we put £300m in through our licence fee and we get £3bn back. I think the idea of a completely new separate state broadcaster wouldn't have support in Scotland."

     
  18.  
    Travel update 08:27: BBC Scotland Travel Latest

    Traffic is slow on the A90 Dundee Road with gas works causing congestion in both directions at Longforgan.

    There are also delays on the M90 at Perth and Kinross with a lane closed at Junction 9 near Balmanno Hill.

    In Edinburgh, a broken down car on A720 Edinburgh City Bypass is causing queues eastbound back to Hermiston Gait.

    The B1936 through Glenlivet remains closed along with School Road in Hopeman following last week's heavy flooding.

     
  19.  
    Paper review 08:20:

    The Scotsman has a front page picture of Shelley Kerr, the first female manager in Scottish senior football, but its main story is about the referendum.

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    Elsewhere, the Herald and the Scottish edition of The Times have have similar headlines, declaring the English are seeking a "heavy price" for the referendum.

    And the Scottish Daily Mail carries a warning from former BBC director general Lord Birt that Scottish independence would result in cuts to BBC programmes and services.

    See the front pages here in our paper review.

     
  20.  
    Morning Call 08:14: BBC Radio Scotland

    On today's Morning Call we want to know your views on Scotrail's decision to raise peak-time fares by 2.5% next year. The increase is based on the Retail Price Inflation (RPI) figure for July, at which level the Scottish government had said it would cap increases.

    Louise White asks: Is travelling by train still value for money?

    In a speech earlier this week, the Prime Minister highlighted that grandparents are getting a "raw deal" after stepping in to look after children whose parents have died or are unable to provide adequate care themselves. He signalled that thousands could be given parental rights to paid leave and greater financial support.

    Louise asks: Should grandparents be given more recognition?

    Tell us what you think by calling 0500 92 95 00, texting 80295 or emailing. The lines are open now.

    You can listen live to the debate here.

     
  21.  
    Today's weather 08:09: BBC Scotland Weather Latest

    It will be a cold start to the day but it will soon break to see some bright weather and only a few showers in the north. The rain will gradually spread into the northwest and the west Highlands.

    Temperatures will range from 14C in the far north to 17C in parts of the south and east.

    You can watch a full forecast here.

     
  22.  
    08:03:

    Traffic Scotland tweets: A9 both ways at Gleneagles Station Jct - Lane 1 on both carriageways will be closed *continuously* from 20th Aug to 10th Sept.

     
  23.  
    08:00: Steven Brocklehurst BBC Scotland news website

    Good morning. News, sport, weather and travel from across Scotland coming up between now and 6pm.

     

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