SNP conference: Alex Salmond says it is time to vote for independence
SNP leader Alex Salmond told his party's conference that it was Scotland's time to be independent.
During his speech to delegates gathered in Perth, he also announced that the detailed case for independence would be published on 26 November.
The long-waited white paper will come ahead of the referendum itself, on 18 September next year.
Mr Salmond said: "We are Scotland's independence generation and our time is now."
Scotland's first minister reckoned devolution had provided a "taste of independence", but the country was now ready to make its own decisions.
Mr Salmond also told the 1,000 people gathered that, under independence the national minimum wage would rise at least with the level of inflation, to help people keep pace with the cost of living.
Alex Salmond may have lost a few pounds (he is apparently on the same diet as Beyonce.) However, our newly svelte FM has plainly lost none of his comic timing. The gags themselves were modestly droll but the delivery was impeccable. ”
And he urged bosses at the Grangemouth petrochemical refinery, which has been temporarily shut down due to a dispute with workers to "fire up the plant".
At the same time he urged union officials to drop their threat of strike action.
The SNP leader said the white paper would have two functions, the first being to set out what would happen between achieving a "yes" vote in the referendum and the first elections to an independent Scottish Parliament, in the spring of 2016.
He went on: "It will therefore be clear that independence is not, at its heart, about this party or this administration or this first minister but about the fundamental democratic choice for Scotland - the people's right to choose a government of their own.
"Secondly, the white paper will set out our vision for Scotland - the why of independence - the Scotland that we seek.
"We seek a country with a written constitution protecting not just the liberties for the people but enunciating the rights of the citizen."
Mr Salmond told the conference: "We will not wake up on the morning of 19 September next year and think to ourselves what might have been.
"We will wake up on that morning filled with hope and expectation - ready to build a new nation both prosperous and just.
"After almost a quarter of a century moving forward to this very moment - let us ask ourselves these simple questions: If not us, then who? If not now, when?
Salmond speech highlights
- The Scottish government's White Paper on independence will be published on Tuesday, 26 November.
- A £60m package will be set up to support 43 projects across Scotland, promising to create 3,000 jobs for young people.
Post independence plans
- An SNP government in an independent Scotland would scrap the "bedroom tax". (also pledged by Nicola Sturgeon in her conference speech)
- An SNP government in an independent Scotland would bring Royal Mail back into public hands. (also pledged by Nicola Sturgeon in her conference speech)
- An SNP government post Yes would establish a Fair Work Commission to look at setting up a minimum wage guarantee that rises - at the very least - in line with inflation.
"Friends - we are Scotland's independence generation - and our time is now."
Mr Salmond said of a "yes" vote in the referendum: "It will be, above all, an act of national self confidence and national self belief.
"We, the people of Scotland, have by far the greatest stake in its success."
Mr Salmond said the devolved Scottish Parliament, established in 1999, had been used to enact policies, like the public smoking ban, free personal care for the elderly and a council tax freeze.
He went on: "With just a taste of independence, we've been able to deliver fairer policies than elsewhere in these islands.
"With a measure of independence on health, on education, on law and order we've sought to make Scotland a better place.
"So, let's consider what we can achieve by extending our power over the things we don't currently control.
"Our welfare system, our economy, our energy supplies, our international security.
"Because there is no doubt that we are paying a heavy price for Westminster decisions."
The first minister said Scotland had to move away from Westminster government decisions, which he said people north of the border did not want, from housing benefit welfare reforms - branded the welfare tax by critics - to Trident nuclear weapons on the Clyde.
Mr Salmond said the national minimum wage, which was brought in by the UK Labour government and which benefits about 70,000 people in Scotland, had failed to increase in real terms in almost 10 years.
The first minister said a fair work commission, established under independence by an SNP government, would be to set a minimum wage guarantee.
He said: "This guarantee will ensure that the minimum wage rises at the very least in line with inflation.
End Quote Alex Salmond SNP leader and Scotland's First Minister
Here's the deal prime minister - we'll publish the white paper then you and I must debate, prime minister to first minister”
"Let us pledge that never gain will the wages of the lowest paid in Scotland fail to keep up with the cost of living."
At the same time, Mr Salmond again challenged David Cameron to face him in a referendum TV debate - an invitation the Prime Minister declined after arguing the event should be between the leaders of the campaigns for and against independence.
The SNP leader said: "Here's the deal prime minister - we'll publish the white paper then you and I must debate, prime minister to first minister.
"The choice is yours - step up to the plate or step out of the debate."
Turning to the Grangemouth dispute, Mr Salmond said it was time for an injection of "common sense" into the bitter row between its operator Ineos and the Unite union.
Ineos says the site is losing £10m a month and will close by 2017 unless workers agree to a rescue package which includes a change in their terms and conditions and final salary pension scheme.
Mr Salmond left the conference on Thursday to facilitate talks between the two sides, but no agreement has been reached, and the petrochemical plant remains closed.
The first minister said the threat to Grangemouth grew the longer it was shut, saying: "To the union - drop any strike threat. To the management - fire up the plant and then negotiate against the background of a working facility, not one which is in mortal danger. Find common ground.
"Let us be quite clear - Scotland wants to see Grangemouth operating and the people of Grangemouth working - fire up the plant and do it now."