Scottish targets for climate change missed
Scotland has failed to meet its climate change targets for the second consecutive year.
A greenhouse gas report for 2011 showed that emissions narrowly exceeded the official target.
The Scottish government insisted the statistics showed Scotland was on track to meet its overall goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 42% by the end of the decade.
Calculating a country's greenhouse gas emissions is a complex business. Working out whether those emissions are falling, and by how much, is even more complex.
Add the European Union's Emissions Trading System to the mix, and the overall picture becomes more bewildering still.
However, one thing is clear. Scotland has failed to hit its climate change targets for a second year.
We were told the exceptionally cold winter weather was to blame for the failure to meet the 2010 target.
Now, the Scottish government says "methodological changes and new data" made the target for 2011 harder to achieve.
The SNP administration's political opponents are on the attack.
But ministers insist, with some justification, that the overall picture is more encouraging than the headline figures suggest.
They have enjoyed the worldwide acclaim which greeted Scotland's Climate Change Act.
That acclaim has been replaced by intense scrutiny. The pressure is on.
Environmental campaigners described the figures as disappointing.
Emissions fell by 2.9% between 2010 and 2011, but fell just short of the 2011 target for adjusted figures, which take into account the EU Emissions Trading System.
Scotland's Climate Change Minister Paul Wheelhouse highlighted an overall 9.9% reduction in the unadjusted emissions figures.
Mr Wheelhouse said: "Despite changes to the historical data on emissions, making this year's target harder to achieve, we have come within touching distance of it, and the revised targets mean we will all need to focus our efforts in the future to stay on course.
"Whilst I am disappointed we have not achieved our climate change reduction goal for 2011 in carbon terms, we have met it in percentage terms - with a 25.7% reduction between 1990 and 2011."
Overall, the Scottish government wants to cut carbon emissions by 42% by 2020 and is committed to a series of annual emission reductions targets, which are currently legislated from 2010 to 2027.
The government said provisional figures showed almost 39% of Scotland's electricity needs came from renewables in 2012.
Between 2010 and 2011, there were large decreases in greenhouse gas emissions in the energy supply and residential sectors.
This was attributed to reduced consumption of coal in power stations and a drop in natural gas consumption.
Scottish climate change targets
- In 2011, Scottish emissions of were estimated to be 51.3 million tonnes carbon dioxide equivalent (MtCO2e), a 9.9% fall from 2010.
- When adjusted emissions fell by 2.9% between 2010 and 2011 (from 55.893 MtCO2e to 54.252 MtCO2e).
- The annual target for 2011, as published in the Climate Change (Annual Targets) (Scotland) Order 2010, is 53.404 MtCO2e.
Dr Sam Gardner, of the Stop Climate Chaos Scotland coalition, said the missed target was "very disappointing".
He added: "We recognise that this is due in part to complicated changes on how we count our emissions, but the headline of another missed target strongly underlines the need for a much tougher climate action plan, expected out later this month, that will drive down emissions year-on-year and give confidence that future targets can be met.
"With increasingly tougher targets in the future, ministers must up their game if Scotland is to deliver on climate justice and is to reap the rewards of the transition to a low carbon future."
Scottish Labour environment spokeswoman Claire Baker said: "With around 40% of emissions coming from transport and housing then robust discussion must be taking place around the cabinet table.
"The Scottish government must now return to parliament before the summer recess to fully explain why this target was missed and what action they will take to get back on track."
A Scottish Liberal Democrat spokesman said policies to tackle climate change remained "too woolly".