Scottish election: Is a council tax freeze achievable?

composite of council services Councils across Scotland have to make substantial savings over the next few years

The anger of some councillors over pledges by Holyrood parties to deliver another freeze in the council tax hints at the delicate power game between local government and the Scottish government.

Although the council tax has been frozen for four years, each of Scotland's 32 local authorities sets the council tax in its area.

They had the right to refuse to freeze the council tax, although in reality this would have been almost impossible.

Councils are fiercely protective of their powers.

Remember the row last year after the then finance secretary John Swinney announced another council tax freeze?

Glasgow City Council was quick to insist there was no deal even though it later accepted the package on offer, albeit reluctantly.

So, are further deals to freeze the council tax across Scotland - or even a deal to freeze it for five years - achievable?

With the Scottish government's budget likely to remain tight there will be no jacuzzi of government cash for councils with millions extra from Holyrood to local government.

But there are two ways it might be possible to deliver a freeze.

What the parties are saying

The Liberal Democrats dislike the concept of imposing a freeze which breaches local authority autonomy - but offer one, frankly, in order to match the other parties.

Their distinctive offer, pending Local Income Tax, is to scrap the tax for the poorest pensioners, those earning below £10k.

The Tories backed a freeze in the last parliament - and are offering to extend it for a further two years, followed by local plebiscites if a council plans an increase above the rate of inflation.

They are also offering a £200 council tax discount for households where all the adults are pensioners.

Labour is a relatively late convert to the council tax freeze cause, but, with the zeal of the convert, they insist they would make a better job than the SNP.

They are offering to freeze the tax for the next two years - and say that they would "fully fund" such a decision.

The SNP's biggest pitch is to say that they delivered a freeze throughout the past parliament - when there were comparable warnings of doom from the councils and forecasts of failure from others.

Further, they say they would use the five years of the next Holyrood term to prepare the ground for Local Income Tax - once enhanced powers, over income tax and council tax benefit, have been devolved.

One is to legislate to enforce a council tax freeze.

But such a move would risk open conflict between councils and the Scottish government. It could be seen as a move to take power away from councils and place it in the hands of the government.

A second option is the kind of carrot and stick approach which has been used to freeze the council tax since 2007.

Essentially this meant making the kind of offer to councils which would have made it hard for them to increase the council tax while maintaining their right in principle to do so.

For the first three years of the SNP government, councils were given extra money each year to freeze the council tax.

If a council had wanted to put the tax up, it would have lost this extra cash so the increase would have had to be even higher.

Last year's offer to councils was more stark - a cut in government cash if the council tax was frozen, a far bigger cut if it was not.

Many in local government have grave reservations about the effect years of difficult funding settlements will have on local services - even some of those who believe the Holyrood government is giving councils a fair share of its resources.

Ultimately, though, Holyrood does have the power to ensure the council tax remains frozen if that is what a majority of MSPs want.

The question is whether that would be achieved by compulsion or through the kind of offer which councils might, in practice, find hard to refuse - even if some might claim not to like it.

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