Scottish prisoners file thousands of complaints

Scottish prisoners filed 8,976 complaints between January 2013 and July 2014 Scottish prisoners filed 8,976 complaints between January 2013 and July 2014

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Prisoners submitted almost 9,000 complaints to Scotland's prison service over the past 18 months, according to data obtained by BBC Scotland.

Inmates filed 8,976 grievances about issues such as food, staff and bullying between January 2013 and July 2014.

The most complaints (2,316) were about Glenochil prison near Stirling.

The Scottish government is currently reviewing how these grievances will be independently monitored.

You can explore the complaint data for prisons near you using the SEARCHABLE DATABASE developed by BBC Scotland.

BBC Scotland developed an online database allowing readers to find out what Scottish prisoners have complained about BBC Scotland developed an online database allowing readers to find out what Scottish prisoners have complained about

The data - obtained through a Freedom of Information request - reveals which prisons received the most complaints regarding particular issues.

Despite being only the sixth largest prison, Glenochil attracted the most complaints about issues such as food, laundry, bullying, and the prison regime.

Analysis

When studying the number of official complaints lodged by prisoners, it is important to look beyond the raw data to seek some context for the figures.

Glenochil Prison in Clackmannanshire tops the league - but approximately half of the 632 men detained there are convicted sex offenders.

Historically this has been the category of prisoner which generates the most complaints against the regime; in previous years Peterhead, which was the national centre for holding sex offenders saw a significant level of complaints.

Prisons where the majority of inmates are from the local area, and serving short sentences, such as Kilmarnock, Greenock and Inverness tend to have fewer complaints.

One reason is that prisoners on short sentences take time to find their feet - and when they do understand the system, feel reluctant to "rock the boat" before their release.

The raw data does not reveal the number of complainants. Prison staff say a number of inmates, who are particularly litigious, are responsible for a disproportionate number of the complaints received.

As an example, of all of the requests made under Freedom of Information (FoI) provisions, a third come from prisoners, a third from journalists and the rest from other people.

But just three individuals are responsible for the bulk of the FoI requests coming from those in prison.

Edinburgh prison submitted the most complaints related to staff (117) and prisoners' correspondence (88); Barlinnie received the most medically-related complaints (66).

BBC Scotland also obtained data on the numbers of assaults by inmates on prison staff, but found no correlation between these figures and the levels of complaints.

Monitoring changes

These new figures come in the wake of criticism aimed at government legislation which would have abolished independent prison visiting committees without replacing them with another external body.

Established in 1877, these committees monitor the care of prisoners and the conditions in which they are held.

Members, who are unpaid volunteers, currently get free access to prisons to observe conditions and hear complaints from inmates as part of their work.

Neil Powrie, convener of the Association of Visiting Committees for Scottish Penal Establishments, said he was pleased months of campaigning had resulted in the government amending the draft legislation to replace the committees with independent monitors overseen by the Chief Inspector of Prisons.

He said: "Without unpaid volunteers monitoring all areas of jails and processing prisoner problems and issues they raise with VC members, separate to the internal prison complaints system, the Scottish Prison Service (SPS) would be monitoring itself.

"That would be unhealthy for any civilised society in the 21st Century.

"The prisons are closed societies and not open to the same level of public scrutiny as schools and hospitals."

Start Quote

In a closed, contained environment like a prison, issues which would not excite you on the outside suddenly become a lot more important”

End Quote Spokesman Scottish Police Service

Mr Powrie said the complaints data was not necessarily representative of conditions in Scotland's prisons.

"Each complaint is an individual story and each prison has a different type of prisoner and different challenges, and it would be wrong to paint a black picture of any one prison based on such basic data."

A spokesman for the SPS added that while it takes all complaints seriously, and can help identify shortcomings, a disproportionate number of grievances are filed by sex offenders.

"They are among the more prolific complainers, as well as particular individuals, which tends to skew the results for certain establishments such as Glenochil where half of the Scottish sex offender population is based," he said.

"And in a closed, contained environment like a prison, issues which would not excite you on the outside suddenly become a lot more important.

"So people complain about issues like food - if you get fed-up with food in a particular restaurant, you go to another restaurant but people in jail aren't able to do that."

Complaints must be filed to the SPS directly, but prisoners can then contact the Scottish Public Services Ombudsman if they are unhappy with a decision.

Ombudsman figures show only a fraction of prisoner complaints were the subject of appeal in 2012 (318) and 2013 (311).

Prisoner complaints between January 2013 and July 2014

Prison Number of complaints Top three most complained about subjects

SOURCE: Scottish Prison Service

Aberdeen

122

Medical, staff, and property

Addiewell

220

Property, prison regime, and staff

Barlinnie

688

Property, medical, and prison regime

Cornton Vale

151

Staff, physical environment, and property

Dumfries

361

Confidential access, food, and property

Edinburgh

1,347

Property, prison regime, and staff

Glenochil

2,316

Confidential access, gym, and property

Grampian

224

Prison regime, medical, and staff

Greenock

51

Staff, visits, and medical

Inverness

101

Property, home detention curfew, and visits

Kilmarnock

151

Work, property, and staff

Low Moss

1,114

Property, prison regime, and food

Open Estate

179

Home leave, confidential access, and food

Perth

526

Property, prison regime, and food

Peterhead

64

Food, staff, and physical environment

Polmont

289

Confidential access, property, and prison regime

Shotts

994

Prison regime, food, and property

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