Offshore tax evasion: Osborne sets out new penalties
- 12 April 2014
- From the section UK Politics
People who hide their money overseas to avoid paying tax face bigger fines and could be jailed more easily under government plans to fight tax evasion.
To prosecute at present, tax officials must prove a person holding income offshore has intended to evade tax.
But under a new criminal standard officials would only have to show money was taxable and undeclared.
Chancellor George Osborne said the changes would mean there was "no safe haven" for those evading tax.
But Labour said the government was "failing to tackle tax avoidance and evasion".
A consultation will be held to let the public have their say on the plans.
In recent months, the UK has joined other G20 countries in focusing on moves to share information about tax evasion.
Now, Mr Osborne says the government will consult on a new criminal standard, harsher fines and increased jail sentences.
At present, offshore tax evaders can be fined twice the amount they owe, and can face criminal prosecution and a possible prison sentence.
The government will look at options to increase these penalties, as well as the possibility of financial rewards for whistleblowers who "help uncover" untaxed offshore assets.
Mr Osborne, who is in Washington DC for the spring meeting of the International Monetary Fund and World Bank, said: "A very important part of our economic plan is that everyone makes a fair contribution.
"We've already done a lot to crack down on those who don't pay their taxes, now we're introducing a new criminal offence for people who hide their money offshore.
"And the message is very simple - if you're hiding your money offshore, we are coming to get you and the criminal law is going to come and find you."
Bill Dodwell, head of tax at Deloitte, told the Times newspaper the plans were "horrifying".
"People should not be put in prison unless you can prove intent," he said.
"I'm shocked to find that an offence which could lead to a prison sentence could be decided on a strict-liability basis.
"If this change applies to all evasion cases I think that's unacceptable."
'Prodigal son policy'
Ray McCann, tax partner at the law firm Pinsent Masons, said: "I think what we'd probably be seeing here would be a sort of lower level criminal offence, largely intended to give further encouragement to those who have been evading tax to come forward.
"I would be surprised if we see an increased number of people ending up in the dock and very surprised if any of them were being sent to prison as a result."
Bob Rothenberg, senior partner at Blick Rothenberg chartered accountants, said he believed the government wanted to frighten people people into owning up, rather than prosecute them.
"That certainly has been the objective that they've followed up to now, with their various... so-called amnesties," he said.
"And I think that they are thinking that they may get a greater number of people coming forward if the threat of criminal prosecution is there."
Mr McCann added: "The over-arching difficulty that the Revenue have got is that for about 100 years in this country, we've operated a sort of prodigal son policy.
"So if someone who has got hidden assets decides to come clean and march into the local tax office, put their hands up and confess all, then the public policy put forward by the government in this country was not to prosecute them.
"And that policy is still in place."
Mr Osborne predicted a tax deal struck between the British and Swiss governments in 2011 would recover about £3bn in previously unpaid taxes in 2013. Figures showed about £800m was collected last year.
Shadow exchequer secretary Shabana Mahmood said: "For all the tough talk, this government is failing to tackle tax avoidance and evasion.
"The amount of uncollected tax rose last year and the chancellor's Swiss tax deal has raised less than a quarter of the revenues promised.
"At a time when families are facing a cost-of-living crisis and the deficit is still high, this simply isn't good enough."
BBC business reporter Michelle Fleury said finance leaders from the world's 20 leading economies had been ramping up their fight against tax evasion.
Prime Minister David Cameron made tax a key issue during Britain's presidency of the G8 last year.
More than £1.5bn has been recovered from offshore tax evaders over the past two years, according to HM Revenue & Customs.