Flexible parental leave to give mothers 'real choice' over work-life balance


Nick Clegg says sharing parental leave is better for modern parents

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New mothers will be able to return to work two weeks after childbirth and share the rest of their maternity leave with their partner under new plans.

From 2015, a fully flexible system of parental leave in England, Scotland and Wales will give women a clearer "route back" to work, ministers have said.

Parents will be able to take time off together or in turns and have a legal right to request flexible working.

Unions welcomed the plans but small businesses warned of their cost.

The coalition government has been looking at ways of extending flexible working and making existing parental leave arrangements work better for both partners and conducted a consultation last year.

At the moment, new mothers can take a maximum of 52 weeks of leave after the birth of their child, while fathers are entitled to two weeks of statutory paternity leave of their own.

'Proper notice'

Since April 2011, fathers and mothers have been able to share some of the 52 weeks' existing leave, with the father able to take up to six months beginning after the baby is 20 weeks old.

However, this can only be taken as a single block - as can the leave the mother takes.

Ministers are now promising a new system, to come into effect in 2015, based on "maximum flexibility". In a speech on Tuesday, the deputy prime minister Nick Clegg announced.

  • A new mother will be able to trigger flexible leave at any point after the first two weeks' recovery period
  • Parents will be able to share the remaining 50 weeks between them as they like
  • Leave could be taken in turns, in different blocks, or at the same time
  • Maximum leave will remain 12 months, nine of them on guaranteed pay
  • Couples will need to be "open" with employers and give them "proper notice"
  • Paternity leave to remain at two weeks but to be reviewed in 2018

Members of the public give their views on parental leave

Mr Clegg said ministers considered the option of increasing the amount of statutory paternity leave but that had been put on hold amid concerns in business and government about its cost.

However, expectant fathers will be able to claim unpaid leave to attend two antenatal appointments.

"I have accepted that extending paternity leave should be revisited when the economy is in a stronger state," he said.

"These are major reforms and - at a time of continuing economic difficulty - it is sensible to do them in a number of steps rather than one giant leap. More and more men are taking on childcare duties - or want to - and flexible leave builds on that."

'Impossible equation'

Mr Clegg also said that the government will extend the legal right to request flexible working to all employers.

Millions of parents already enjoy the right to request flexible working - such as changing shifts, varying start and finish times, working from home or shifting to part-time hours.

Start Quote

We must ensure that the new system is simple to administer, and does not give rise to legal action from fathers seeking parental rights that mirror those available to mothers”

End Quote Katja Hall Confederation of British Industry

At the moment, parents with children up to the age of 16, or parents with disabled children up to 18, can request flexible working patterns as long as they have at least 26 weeks of service.

Employers must seriously consider such a request, although they are within their rights to turn it down for sound business reasons.

But the deputy prime minister said there was still a stigma attached to requesting flexible hours and the government intended to legislate to give everyone the right to do so, when parliamentary time allows.

The combined measures, he claimed, will give parents "more options" and professional women a "real choice" about how they balance their careers and family responsibilities while respecting couples who want more "traditional arrangements".

"So many couples feel like they are facing an impossible mathematical equation," he said of current arrangements.

"And it is an equation where the answer is almost always rigged. Because whichever way you look at it, the solution ends up with the mother doing more of the caring and the father doing more of the earning."

Downing Street said the implications for business had been fully considered and administration of the new rules would be "as light-touch as possible".


The Confederation of British Industry employers' group said flexible parental leave was a good way of supporting working families.

"We must ensure that the new system is simple to administer, and does not give rise to legal action from fathers seeking parental rights that mirror those available to mothers," said its chief policy director Katja Hall.

But the Federation of Small Businesses said extending the right to request flexible working would place added burdens on firms.

"Allowing chunks of maternity and paternity leave of as little as one week to be taken will place a disproportionate strain on small firms and will be very complicated to administer," said its national chairman John Walker.

Unions, however, said the changes would make "life easier" for millions of working parents.

"Allowing all staff to ask to work flexibly is common sense to good employers," said TUC general secretary Brendan Barber.

"But we know that too many businesses are still reluctant to modernise working practices so the government is right to give them a nudge with this new universal right to request flexible working."

Labour said flexible parental leave was "helpful" and built on changes introduced by the party when they were in government but warned that women should not be rushed into returning to the workplace before they were ready.

Shadow women's minister Yvette Cooper said cuts to child benefit, child tax credits and childcare were making life difficult for many parents. "Nick Clegg and David Cameron need to wake up to the real financial pressures most working families face, and stop making it harder, rather than easier, for families to manage," she said


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  • rate this

    Comment number 281.

    Equality is an integral part of British life. I can find no reason why a father shouldn't have the same rights as a mother.

  • rate this

    Comment number 280.

    @233.Little Plum While I work in the private sector & received on SMP, I believe (from aquaintances working in NHS) that the supplementary pay paid by the NHS & LAs is repayable if the employee does not return. Correct me if I am wrong.

  • rate this

    Comment number 279.

    269. Muumipeikko
    So your parents didn't claim child benifit or any other benifits like that?


  • rate this

    Comment number 278.

    @ 82 Mr Average

    Please see attached

    Currently, the father can take over the maternal leave, at SMP rate. Something I'm grateful for, as my partner is by far the breadwinner in my household!

  • rate this

    Comment number 277.

    to norcorider
    have you no kids, nieces or nephews or friends children, you should be ashamed of what you just wrote, children who ever they are, are our future, you once were. i agree with fair play in the work force but disagree with people who constantly villify working mothers and their children.

  • rate this

    Comment number 276.



    "Also, I hope you're enjoying your pension- I have to income sacrifice to have one. That, along with a home, is a LUXURY most of our youth with NEVER have."

    Just who do you think paid for my pension ? Entirely self funded private one. The state one,? I have paid enough in to justify that one.Never had children, never moaned about my taxes helping others children

  • rate this

    Comment number 275.

    214. Muumipeikko
    government. At moment you get 6-12 months statory pay, which the employer claims back from Goverment + 5% extra to cover costs."

    The problem for small businesses is not the cost of the maternity/paternity pay - that is recoverable. The problem is the replacement of the employee. This has always been hard, but this proposal makes it MUCH harder to do affordably

  • rate this

    Comment number 274.

    Although I welcome the flexibility and the greater focus on a father's role in raising children, I think the real issue preventing mothers returning to work is the expense of child care - which means only the highest paid women can benefit from the freedom of financial independence which employment brings.

  • rate this

    Comment number 273.


    But the thing is George, you are not paying for the rest of us, you are paying the tax that you should be paying for the salary you receive. Other hardworking people who earn a lot less are also paying tax but at a rate that they are legally obliged to pay. Basically you earn more money so you pay more tax & you are not paying for the rest of us whether or not we have any kids!

  • rate this

    Comment number 272.

    I hope my child - for whom I have just taken 9 months of maternity leave to give her the best start in life - grows up to be a productive member of society, maybe even a leader.

    If at any point in your life you will need a nurse, doctor, lawyer, electrician, bricklayer, train driver or ANY service, you should value the investment parents, employers and the government make in the next generation.

  • rate this

    Comment number 271.

    You have to feel sorry for employers.They don't know whether they are coming or going with all this new legislation.What with reducing the main army personel and replacing it with part timers who may be required to be away from the workplace and now this. The employers would be better to employ single people with no commitment to army or marriage.It's YOUR responsibility for YOUR children.

  • Comment number 270.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • rate this

    Comment number 269.


    So your parents didn't claim child benifit or any other benifits like that?

  • rate this

    Comment number 268.

    This is fine for the big companies but impossible for the small companies. I work in an office where there are only 3 of us, two of which have children and are possibly going to have more. One has already been off on maternity leave twice and each time those left have to cover the work. They should also think of those who do not take 'child related' time off and perhaps give them some incentive to

  • rate this

    Comment number 267.


    thank you Andy tom
    So many people getting the wrong end of the stick

  • rate this

    Comment number 266.

    'just tet u know it is our children that will be the future nurses,police. army, doctors, firefighters, teachers, shop assistants, carers etc'

    Thanks for that - I'd always wondered what happened to children once they got bigger ;-)

  • rate this

    Comment number 265.

    257. David H

    Yes, you're quite right. It was our choice. And with that choice comes the responsibilities and limitations of raising children. It would be nice if all the moaners like you could appreciate that help from employers and the government is valued by parents. We have our experience to offer the workforce, and during the short period of time of raising our children we need extra help.

  • rate this

    Comment number 264.

    Why should companies and shareholders bear the cost of people having children ? It's the parent's choice afterall - it's not mandatory !

  • rate this

    Comment number 263.

    just tet u know it is our children that will be the future nurses,police. army, doctors, firefighters, teachers, shop assistants, carers etc when you are elderly and you need help so stop moaning about other peoples kids and wise up.

  • rate this

    Comment number 262.

    If you can't afford to breed - don't breed.

    If you cannot afford to take time off work for your children, don't breed.

    If you are not capable of being a responsible parent - don't breed.

    And if you do breed - do not expect society to pay and provide for your offspring,


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