David Cameron calls for Burma sanctions to be suspended


David Cameron praises Aung San Suu Kyi's "struggle, bravery, courage"

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David Cameron has said economic sanctions against Burma should be suspended in recognition of the changes taking place in the country.

The prime minister spoke after a meeting with pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi in Rangoon.

Ms Suu Kyi welcomed his call and said the suspension of sanctions would "strengthen the hand of the reformers".

Mr Cameron is the first Western leader to visit Burma since her success in a series of parliamentary by-elections.

He is also the first UK prime minister to visit the country since it gained independence in 1948.

Earlier, Mr Cameron met President Thein Sein and said the government had to demonstrate that moves to democracy were "irreversible".

'Send a signal'

Burma was ruled for almost half a century by a military junta that stifled almost all dissent and wielded absolute power. The EU, US and other nations imposed sanctions.

David Cameron and Aung San Suu Kyi Mr Cameron described Aung San Suu Kyi as "a shining example for people who yearn for freedom"

The first general election in 20 years was held in 2010.

The installation of a military-backed, nominally civilian government in March 2011 and a series of reforms since - including the release of hundreds of political prisoners - has led to speculation that decades of international isolation could be coming to an end.

Speaking at a joint press conference with Ms Suu Kyi at the lakeside villa where she spent 15 years under house arrest, Mr Cameron said the arms embargo in place against Burma should remain in place, but it was right to suspend - not lift - the remaining sanctions.

They include an assets freeze imposed on nearly 500 people and restrictions on key industries such as mining and timber.

"[Burma] shouldn't be as poor as it is. It shouldn't have suffered under dictatorship for as long as it has, and things don't have to be that way," the prime minister said.

"I do think it is important to send a signal that we want to help see the changes that can bring the growth of freedom of human rights and democracy in your country."

'Long way yet'

Mr Cameron said it was right to respond to signs of change "with care", adding: "All courses of action are full of risk, but I think this is the right step forward."

He also praised Ms Suu Kyi, calling her "an inspiration for people across the world".

Prime Minister David Cameron and Burma President Thein Sein Prime Minister David Cameron met Burma's president, Thein Sein, in Nay Pyi Taw

She in turn welcomed his call for the suspension of sanctions, saying: "We still have a long way to go but we believe we can get there.

"This suspension will have taken place because of the steps taken by the president and other reformers.

"It would also make it quite clear to those who are against reform that should they try to obstruct the way of the reformers, then sanctions could come back."

EU foreign ministers are to discuss policy towards Burma on 23 April, and sanctions are due to expire on 30 April unless leaders choose to renew them.

The BBC's deputy political editor, James Landale, who is travelling with the PM, says the change in position by the UK makes it very likely that Europe will agree to lift the sanctions.

Sanctions safeguards

But he says Mr Cameron's move is a gamble - and some would call it too much too soon - because if there is any regression by the regime it will be difficult to get European nations to agree to reimpose sanctions once again.

Labour shadow foreign secretary Douglas Alexander said "the sequenced lifting of sanctions along with careful monitoring of developments" was "a sensible way forward".

But former Labour minister Baroness Kinnock, the chairwoman of the all-parliamentary group on Burma, sounded a note of caution, saying there must be "clear measures in place to ensure that sanctions will be reimposed if there's no further progress".

"So we need to see interim measures, we need to see deadlines, we need to see benchmarks," she told BBC Radio 4's World at One.

Wai Hnin, from the Burma Campaign UK, told the BBC the recent changes in the country were proof that sanctions were working, but there was still "no democratic system in Burma yet".

"To remove all the sanctions would be a little bit silly - I'm afraid that these changes will stop," she said.

Mr Cameron also revealed he had invited Miss Suu Kyi to visit Britain in June.

She said that two years ago she would have declined, knowing she would have been prevented from returning to Burma.

"Now I am able to say perhaps. That is great progress," she added.

'Cultural' activities

Burma is the final leg of the prime minister's tour of South East Asia promoting UK interests.

Prior to arriving in Nay Pyi Taw, he stopped briefly in Singapore to meet its leader, Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong.

Ten members of the business delegation, which includes defence firms, accompanying Mr Cameron on his tour are also in Burma.

However, Downing Street has insisted the visit is purely political and the businessmen will merely be carrying out "cultural" activities.

Mr Cameron is not the first major Western figure to visit the country - US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton made a landmark trip to Burma in December 2011.

He is, however, the first sitting UK prime minister to do so - Anthony Eden, who later became PM, travelled there while foreign secretary, and Edward Heath visited after leaving No 10.


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  • rate this

    Comment number 42.

    As good as it is to support fledgling democracies, in order not to become history himself, David Cameron should be concentrating on sorting out the mess his team is making here - tuition fees, pasty tax, reduction in charitable donations, no energy strategy and High Speed 2..to name a few!

  • rate this

    Comment number 41.

    We're in the presence of history!
    In 5 years time, there will be a reporting storm about how Cameron linked himself to this regime, similar to the one surrounding Blair and Libya. You think they'd learn, wouldn't you?

  • rate this

    Comment number 40.

    33.efan ekoku

    8 Minutes ago
    Ironic when we are applauding Burma's path to democracy that you choose to rubbish the democratic right of people to withdraw their labour.

  • rate this

    Comment number 39.

    Unfortunately He will be coming back to the UK

  • rate this

    Comment number 38.

    Dave wants to learn some of Burma's 'methods' for maintaining absolute power.

  • rate this

    Comment number 37.

    The current Myanmar leadership have shown some courage in lessening restrictions. After years of dictatorship it is very difficult. It is like lifting the lid on a boiling pot,as in N.Africa and the Middle East.
    I hope the Government and opposition groups can find a bloodless way forward. Aung San Suu Kyi is a great woman.
    I hope Britain can help.

  • rate this

    Comment number 36.

    Come on David - flog all our killing euipment and killing skills to the highest bidder and still take the morale high ground against the rest of the world . if our leaders are in a country abroad oil and guns are alwayson the agenda ... shame on them

  • rate this

    Comment number 35.

    I'm pretty sure they changed the name to Myanmar because Burma is linked to Buddhism and Burmese speaking people and the new name reflected that there are many different faiths and minorities there. It's not a colonial thing.

  • rate this

    Comment number 34.

    Myanmar likes being called Burma! Interesting how no Myanmar person has ever mentioned that viewpoint me.

  • rate this

    Comment number 33.

    22 I'm glad you can assure me of that, however it is important to secure more deals like that, not fewer - hence his trip is the right thing to do rather than stay at home navel-gazing, like the entire public sector appears to be doing. When they're not on strike.

  • rate this

    Comment number 32.

    Everyone should encourage any country to gain international exceptance having been locked away fro 60 year. Achieving a direction towards democracy is miraculous for Burma. Burma is rich in culture, history and natural beauty which can be opened to the rest of the world.

  • rate this

    Comment number 31.

    30 mygod.

    We make weapons. David Cameron doesnt much care who he sells them to either.

  • rate this

    Comment number 30.

    Do we make that much in this country to sell any more?

  • rate this

    Comment number 29.

    Fair play if he's promoting British industry and commerce but hopefully he's not trotting around with a bunch of Defence contractors trying to flog weaponry.

    Our track record on selling arms to Middle Eastern dictatorships is shameful, hopefully we wont repeat it in the Far East.

  • rate this

    Comment number 28.

    I for one will certainly be cheering on Myanmar in the Olympics at my friend's cafe who has made a Myanmar Mint flavour ice-cream to celebrate them taking part.

  • rate this

    Comment number 27.

    By staying out of the UK for such long periods of time the PM can largely ignore the British Press and not have to answer the questions about the mess him and his chancellor are making of our economy. Of course, like Thatcher before him, he could just be abroad on behalf of the British Arms Industry.

  • rate this

    Comment number 26.

    Burma is a great country which unfortunately always had bad press, more positive things are happening to Burma,I can guarantee that Burma will be a much more thriving economy than Scotland, should Scotland become independant, and Burma would be a much better place to live in too than an independant Scotland

  • rate this

    Comment number 25.

    19. havadram


    Who cares. Why is he not here rather than swanning round on the world stage.

    The economy is still broken Dave.

    What do you think the purpose of this visit is? He's trying to drum up trade.
    ''However, Downing Street has insisted the visit is purely political and the businessmen will merely be carrying out "cultural" activities.''

  • rate this

    Comment number 24.

    Good to see our Dave is getting away from the doom and gloom back home. A nice trip overseas is just what the 'old chap' needs, and where better than Burma, and the chance to shine at the same time. No irksome questions about who's coming to dinner and snooping on emails there. No, have a nice one Dave on us, the British taxpayers. Don't forget to send us a card old chap.

  • rate this

    Comment number 23.

    More cheap exploited labour for the big corporations?


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