Economy: bonds, austerity, debt and the Age of Plenty

Sunday Politics logo Andrew Neil will host the Sunday Politics from 15 January

Related Stories

In the summer of 2008, several months before the collapse of Lehman Brothers and the start of the deepest recession since the 1930s, I gave a talk to senior colleagues at the BBC.

My theme was that the Age of Plenty was over and that we were about to move into an era dominated by the Politics of Debt.

This would change the terms of political trade and force politicians on the right, left and centre to rethink almost everything they stood for.

It would mark the end of debt-fuelled capitalism, debt-financed socialism - and debt-drenched consumer spending.

Politicians who wanted to spend more or tax less would no longer be able to do so by borrowing more.

Boom and bust

Indeed the priority would be to reduce existing record levels of debt, not just debt incurred by government but the record borrowings of individuals and companies too.

And so it has turned out to be. British politics used to be about more hospitals or lower taxes. Cheaper fuel or better schools. More generous welfare or investment in roads and railways. Or all of the above.

Start Quote

We are in uncharted territory and the responsibility to hold to account those who rule and those who seek to rule has never been greater”

End Quote

Gordon Brown declared the end of boom and bust and envisaged endlessly rising public spending. The Cameron Tories largely agreed, with only a few wrinkles on how to "share the proceeds of growth" (the possibility of no growth was not considered).

As Labour presided over an unprecedented rise in public spending, the Liberal Democrats called for even more.

Those days are well and truly over, even if it has not yet dawned on all politicians. There is, for now, no (or precious little) growth to share.

Painful reduction

Public spending is no longer a bottomless well. Further borrowing is seriously curtailed by the discipline of the bond markets.

All mainstream politicians agree that they must cut borrowing in the medium-term then begin the painful long-term reduction in accumulated national debt. Individuals and companies are doing the same.

When journalists talk about bond markets eyes can glaze over.

So let me simplify it: the politicians have run out of money to splash around. They could tax the rich a bit more but that produces modest extra revenues and is subject to the law of diminishing returns. The vast majority of folk feel taxed to the hilt already.

More borrowing - the default position of recent years - is seriously curtailed by the fact we are already heading for a national debt of £1.5 trillion.

Crisis jargon buster
Use the dropdown for easy-to-understand explanations of key financial terms:
The best credit rating that can be given to a borrower's debts, indicating that the risk of borrowing defaulting is minuscule.

There is no new money in this Age of Austerity. Those who sought our votes in the 2010 general election sort of admitted this in the campaign but for the most part were in denial.

They recognised there would have to be a squeeze on spending but, despite the efforts of interviewers like myself, refused to spell out the extent or nature of the cuts.

I suspect that is why voters ended up trusting no party with an overall majority.

Even as the coalition sharpened its axe to take a swipe at spending and borrowing, the idea was to endure a few years of pain before normal play was resumed, in good time for the 2015 election, when voters could get back to the traditional task of deciding which party's goody bag was the most appealing.

Lost decade?

Last November's mini-Budget put the kibosh on that. The outlook for tax, spending, borrowing and growth is pretty grim for the foreseeable future.

Even the coalition now thinks it will not get the public finances into respectable order before 2017. If the eurozone crisis is not resolved soon it could be much longer than that.

Some are now talking openly of a Lost Decade, much like Japan's lost years after its great property crash at the end of the 1980s.

Professional pessimists will no doubt point out that Japan has now endured two lost decades.

We do not know what is in store for us. But it is clear we have passed a watershed and that the Politics of Debt challenges our politicians to abandon their traditional discourse and replace it with something more relevant and realistic.

It is a bad time for our wallets and purses - but a good time to be launching a new political programme.

We are in uncharted territory and the responsibility to hold to account those who rule and those who seek to rule has never been greater. The old verities, after all, are largely a busted flush.

The Sunday Politics launches on 15 January on BBC1. The centrepiece of the show will be an extended interview with a senior politician.

The aim will be to be fair but forensic - to test what they have to say against the new rigours of the Politics of Debt. I hope you will join me.

Andrew Neil Article written by Andrew Neil Andrew Neil Daily and Sunday Politics

Andrew Neil on Ed Davey climate change interview critics

Andrew Neil's response to criticism in a Guardian Blog and on Twitter to his Sunday Politics interview with Ed Davey.

Read full article

More on This Story

Related Stories


This entry is now closed for comments

Jump to comments pagination
  • rate this

    Comment number 101.

    'Vote for me and you'll still be poor' isn't going to win many votes. I predict a very low turn out at the polls for the next election.

  • rate this

    Comment number 100.

    Andrew, you are one of the few senior print and broadcast journalists left who went to University at a time of free education. A good outcome for a working class laddie frae Paisley. "A lad o' pairts" maybe. The same cannot be said for our students burdened by decades of debt before they even begin work.

  • rate this

    Comment number 99.


    It's a myth that the young will inherit our debt without any gain.

    Who paid for their X-Boxes, mobile phones. computers in schools, holidays abroad and cars to drive them to and from their new schools? Plus who will inherit the house when their parents die?

    They young have benefited from all of this just as much as everyone else.

  • rate this

    Comment number 98.

    Worlwide money - does multiple accounting go on? Does the amount of liquid assets apparantly available all really exist? If a bank parks its cash elsewhere overnight, whos asset is it? How is a lender's collateral counted?

  • rate this

    Comment number 97.

    .. interesting to see that the.. Tories were in agreement with the spending of the last gov .... seem to remember them ..calling for more spending on equipment, especially helicopters, for Afghanistan & yet are blaming the last government for their spending excesses now.
    Its the benefit spending, building their voteing base
    e.g. single mothers costing the same as 3 Royal Navys


Comments 5 of 101



  • Witley Court in Worcestershire Abandoned mansions

    What happened to England's lost stately homes?

  • Tray of beer being carried10 Things

    Beer is less likely to slosh than coffee, and other nuggets

  • Spoon and buckwheatSoul food

    The grain that tells you a lot about Russia's state of mind

  • Woman readingWeekendish

    The best reads you need to catch up on

  • Salim Rashid SuriThe Singing Sailor

    The young Omani who became a pre-war fusion music hit

BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more.

This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so.