Euro crisis 'opportunity for UK' to reclaim powers - PM


David Cameron: ''What kind of Europe do we want?''

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The current turmoil in Europe is an opportunity for the UK to "refashion" its relationship with Brussels, David Cameron has said.

In a speech in London, the prime minister argued powers should "ebb back" from Brussels to Westminster as part of "fundamental" future reform.

Although the EU is "out of touch" on many issues, he said it is not in the UK's national interest to exit.

The PM is under pressure from many of his MPs to renegotiate UK membership.

Some Conservatives want to go further and leave the EU altogether.

The prime minister's authority was directly challenged last month when 81 Tory MPs defied the leadership and voted for a referendum on the UK's continued place in the EU.

'Outward looking'

Mr Cameron used a major foreign policy speech in the City of London to argue that the eurozone financial crisis has challenged longstanding assumptions about how the EU should evolve and its 27 members must now ask what kind of union they want in the future.


It was a speech heavy on the criticism, but there was little in the way of concrete solutions to Europe's current woes.

David Cameron said the EU is an organisation in peril. It was out of touch and he blamed it for pointless interference.

The comments will be welcomed by eurosceptics in his own party who have pushed him to do more to rebalance the relationship between EU institutions and parliament.

But the UK will not be leaving, he said. Britain must stay in the EU so it can retain its influence over the open and free markets that Mr Cameron said he wants to see more of.

The reality is that the UK is not in the Euro, so not in a position to have huge influence over its fate. However, the prime minister believes stability and an end to the debt crisis is crucial for any chance of a recovery in the UK economy.

Claiming that the EU is too often seen as an "abstract end in itself" and detached from economic reality, he outlined his vision for a more "outward looking", "flexible" and "diverse" union which puts advancing its citizens living standards above all else.

"We have a right to ask what the European Union should and should not do and change it accordingly," he said.

"As I said, change brings opportunities. An opportunity to begin to refashion the EU so it better serves this nation's interests and the interests of its other 26 nations.

"An opportunity, in Britain's case, for powers to ebb back instead of flow away and for the European Union to focus on what really matters to underpin prosperity, stability and growth.

"That is the kind of fundamental reform I yearn for."

Staying inside

Mr Cameron has been urged to spell out what powers he wants to claw back from Brussels and when negotiations on this might begin but he has appeared to rule out such a possibility in the short term and his Lib Dem coalition partners are wary of such a step.

But Tory MPs have said negotiations on amending EU treaties to allow for closer fiscal integration among eurozone members could start as early as next month and the UK must be prepared for this.

In his speech, the prime minister warned that Europe is "slipping behind" other economic powers and that unless it becomes more competitive, it will remain a "continent in trouble".

But he insisted that the UK's future remains within the EU, not outside it.

"Leaving the EU is not in our national interest," he will argue. "Outside, we would end up like Norway, subject to every rule for the single market made in Brussels but unable to shape those rules.

"Believe me, if we weren't in there helping write the rules they would be written without us - the biggest supporter of open markets and free trade - and we would not like the outcome."

'We sceptics'

The BBC's political correspondent Robin Brant said this was a strong message about what the PM saw as the limits of ever-closer union with Mr Cameron referring at one point to "we sceptics".

Labour indicated earlier on Monday it was prepared to consider the case for "rebalancing" the division of powers between the UK and Europe but said this should not be a priority amid continuing efforts to stabilize the euro and the need to secure the future of the single market.

Shadow Treasury minister Chris Leslie said despite Mr Cameron's rhetoric, the government had actually been "sitting on the sidelines" in crucial debates about Europe's future.

In a wide-ranging address, the prime minister also defended the UK's intervention in Libya and said the new Libyan authorities had found evidence of chemical weapons hidden by the Gaddafi regime.

He also revealed that the UK plans to host an international conference on Somalia next year, saying it is a "failed state that directly threatens British interests".

The event will look at ways of dealing with piracy off the coast of Somalia, protecting ships in the Gulf of Aden, challenging extremist groups in Somalia and the risk of UK citizens being radicalised there.


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  • rate this

    Comment number 433.

    In the age of empires size didn't matter. Small countries like ours could do well. In more enlightened times size does matter: the size of America and of China and India et. al., gives them a workforce and automatic vast share in their own markets from which they can look out on the world. We either share and shape the vast, advanced market of Europe or forever press our noses to the window.

  • rate this

    Comment number 385.

    Yes, let's have Europe disintegrate like the little Englanders want. Then in a decade or so when the Asian economies are even stronger, we will be picked off one by one. We need a strong, cohesive Euro trading block to compete against increased globalisation. It needs to improve and become more efficient, but we do need it. I can't believe how ignorant and short-termist people are being here.

  • rate this

    Comment number 384.

    Has Britain ever really been in the EU? Seems to me as if it has always been one foot in and one foot out, We have our own taxes & VAT and border rules so our Government can hike prices and amend rules as it sees fit. It works too because, unlike in say Germany and Holland, people here can not just drive across the border and shop elsewhere in protest. Membership for us is pointless.

  • rate this

    Comment number 363.

    Virtually every rule and regulation emanting from Brussels has served to make the "European" economy more sclerotic and undermine its world competitiveness. That didn't really matter for some time but, as China, India, Brazil etc industrialise our weakness is ever more apparent and the future is no longer rosy.

    Economics are defeating the "Grand Projet".

  • rate this

    Comment number 352.

    The current crisis is an oportunity fort Europe to become more united to make sure this kind of crisis. Camerion is so out of touch and a follower of narrow minded nationalism. That's the exact opposit of what Europe needs right now.


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