On the Runs scheme 'not amnesty and lawful' says judge
Letters issued to republican terrorism suspects - so-called On the Runs - were not an amnesty and the scheme was lawful, a judge has found.
Lady Justice Hallett's review, ordered by PM David Cameron, found "significant systemic failures" in how it operated.
The scheme was made public when the trial collapsed of a man suspected of the 1982 IRA Hyde Park bombing.
John Downey was wrongly told he was not wanted by any UK police force. However, he was still being sought by the Met.
Lady Justice Hallett said the letter to him was the result of a "catastrophic mistake" by police in Northern Ireland.
This is a very carefully worded report that at times appears almost contradictory even within the same sentence.
Lady Justice Hallett says the On the Runs scheme was not secret but it was kept 'below the radar'.
She concludes there is no evidence that any party other than Sinn Féin knew of the letters, but states dozens of other politicians should have known that a process was in operation.
The judge makes general criticisms about the police, the government and others, but with a couple of exceptions she avoids pointing the finger of blame too directly.
Political cynics are already arguing that there is something for everyone in this review and that could be seen as useful at a time when relationships at Stormont remain strained.
The five months it has taken to compile the report has also distanced it from the initial heat that surrounded this issue and threatened to bring down power-sharing at the Northern Ireland Assembly.
But the row over the On the Runs letters still has the potential to cause political trouble.
The first minister has made clear that he wants the Northern Ireland Secretary to rescind the letters. And there is the potential of more damaging revelations during the ongoing House of Commons select committee into the scheme.
The police had realised they had made a mistake, but the assurance to the County Donegal man was never withdrawn.
"Nothing in law or logic" explained their failure to rectify the error, Lady Justice Hallett said.
Chris Daly, whose brother Lieutenant Anthony Daly was killed in the Hyde Park bomb, said the review went a "long way in answering a lot of the questions that were raised when the John Downey case was thrown out of the Old Bailey".
"I think the report itself is very objective and Lady Justice Hallett has delivered on what she promised when she personally met the families a few months back," he said.
Shelly Gilfillan's uncle Lexie Cummings was murdered by the IRA in Strabane in 1982. A man suspected of involvement received one of the letters saying he was not wanted by the authorities.
"No-one seems to know what will happen next," she said. "The letters should be rescinded."
Lady Justice Hallett's report found the administrative scheme was kept 'below the radar' due to its political sensitivity, but said it would be wrong to characterise the scheme as "secret".
She added: "If there was a lack of clarity and openness, responsibility lies with the UK government."
End Quote Peter Robinson Northern Ireland first minister
This scheme was wrong in principle and shambolic in practice”
There was enough information in the public domain for anyone keeping a close eye on Northern Ireland affairs to have known there was such as scheme, she said.
The judge said she had "detected no sinister motive in the failure to notify the minister for justice, the first minister and the Policing Board of the scheme".
"The hope seems to have been that the scheme could be brought quietly to a close without generating the kind of controversy we have seen in recent months.
"Whether that was a wise policy is for others to decide."
The report, published on Thursday, also found that letters were issued in error to two other republican terror suspects.
Lady Justice Hallett also found:
- The scheme was not designed, but evolved, which meant there was no overall policy nor responsibility and accountability for it
- It lacked proper lines of responsibility, accountability and safeguards
- When errors came to light, opportunities were missed to rectify them
The terms of reference of Lady Justice Hallett's review were to produce a full public account of the operation and extent of the scheme, and to determine whether any letters contained errors.
The judge did not have the power to compel witnesses to give evidence.
Northern Ireland First Minister Peter Robinson said: "This scheme was wrong in principle and shambolic in practice. There were a series of errors that need to be rectified.
"At the heart of the issue is what happens next?"
The Northern Ireland Good Friday Agreement of 1998 meant anyone convicted of paramilitary crimes was eligible for early release from prison.
However, this did not cover those suspected of such crimes, nor did it cover people who had been charged or convicted, but who had escaped from prison.
Sinn Féin sought a scheme that would allow escaped prisoners and those who were concerned they might be arrested to return to the UK, but a formal legal solution proved difficult to establish in the face of strong unionist opposition.
In addition to the Hallett Review, MPs at Westminster's Northern Ireland Affairs Select Committee have been holding public evidence sessions to look at the scheme.
Witnesses who have appeared before the committee include former Northern Ireland secretaries Peter Hain and Paul Murphy, current and former senior police officers, former detectives involved in administering the scheme and relatives of victims of the Troubles.
Separately, police in Northern Ireland are reviewing the process that led to the issuing of the letters.
Police Service of Northern Ireland chief constable George Hamilton said on Thursday: "I want to reiterate PSNI's apology for the additional pain the families have had to endure as a result the failure to secure justice for their loved ones."
He added: "Police have an ongoing responsibility to review evidence, and as is always the case, where new evidence exists, we will investigate and present the information to the prosecuting authorities.
"This specific piece of review work is both time and resource intensive and will be conducted diligently over the coming years."
Meanwhile, the Irish Department of Foreign Affairs has confirmed it put forward the names of two men to British authorities to be considered for the scheme.
In a statement to RTÉ, a spokesperson for the department said it acted "as a conduit for two individual cases" after representations had been made in 2002.