Banning parades - why semicolons matter


Predictably, unionists and republicans have responded in completely different ways to Theresa Villiers' appeal for this weekend's planned parade in Castlederg commemorating dead IRA members to be called off.

The DUP's Arlene Foster welcomed the secretary of state's description of the march as "deeply insensitive", while Sinn Fein's Barry McElduff warned Ms Villiers to stay out of parading issues.

So no meeting of minds there. But whatever view you take of the County Tyrone parade, this controversy raises some interesting questions about what circumstances, if any, could see the secretary of state using her legal power to ban a march outright.

The relevant law is the 1998 Public Processions Act, the piece of legislation that was meant to remove secretaries of state from the marching maelstrom by creating the Parades Commission.

The Act handed the new quango the day to day job of placing restrictions on marches and counter protests. But under Section 11 the secretary of state retained a 'last resort' option of prohibiting a parade altogether.


This is the power unionists wanted Ms Villiers to wield in Castlederg.

When you look at the legal criteria she has to take into account, one of them, serious damage to community relations, looks like it could be invoked precisely with this weekend's parade in mind.

However, senior Northern Ireland Office sources say that as well as ticking this 'damage to community relations' box, Ms Villiers would have to fulfil three other criteria.

The law lists these as a threat of serious disorder and damage to property, serious disruption to the life of the community and "any undue demands which the procession may cause to be made on the police or military forces".

Although the Act doesn't say in plain English that all these boxes must be ticked, the NIO is adamant that is their legal advice.

This is where the importance of semicolons comes in.


With her solicitor's eye for detail Arlene Foster says she believes the punctuation of the relevant section supports Theresa Villiers' interpretation that her duty to "have regard" to four criteria means all or nothing.

Since 1998, the banning power has never been used, so the matter has never been tested in the courts.

Unionists may be reluctant to explore the option further, because if they re-read those criteria, such as "serious disorder" or "serious disruption" they might be concerned that once the banning power is invoked it could be used again, potentially against a disruptive Orange parade.

Nationalists might wonder whether having to bring thousands of extra officers over from England in "mutual aid" for the PSNI over the marching season is just part and parcel of normal policing. Or does it constitute - in the words of the 1998 Act - an "undue demand" on the police?

However it seems safe to say that if the secretary of state isn't going to ban a march that she herself has described as insensitive and hurtful, then she's unlikely to ever exercise her Section 11 powers.

So no matter how hot and heavy it gets, don't hold your breath for a repeat of Brian Faulkner's historic 1972 ban on all parades in Northern Ireland.

PS. Here's a question for all you punctuation experts. In my headline should the dash have been a semicolon?

Mark Devenport Article written by Mark Devenport Mark Devenport Political editor, Northern Ireland

Future Northern Ireland Assembly changes outlined by governments

Stormont would put arrangements in place for an opposition as early as March 2015, according to the government paper circulated to the parties at Stormont House last week.

Read full article


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  • rate this

    Comment number 18.

    @10. Chris London
    "Both sides are as bad as each other" how exactly do you work that one out when 90% of the violence over the past few months has been inflicted by just one side - loyalists.
    And it would be great if the OO was only about the craic, then they wouldn't feel the need to parade around catholic neighbourhoods all over the North.

  • Comment number 17.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • rate this

    Comment number 16.

    I regrettably believe the extremist loyalists & republicans deserve one another. They have forgotten nothing and learnt the same. Reliving old grievances & banging the drum does nobody any good. Time to move on! If people cannot behave with a small degree of civilisation then all parades should be banned in the interest of the majority who simply want a quiet decent life.

  • rate this

    Comment number 15.

    The inability of the DUP/ UUP to condemn Loyalist rioting/thuggery last night reminds me of SF inability to condemn IRA violence 20 years ago. Interesting how times have reversed.

    Unionism is really crying out for some leadership here....

  • rate this

    Comment number 14.

    Forget parading legislation. The legislation of importance here ais aniterrorism legislation. Glorifying and encouraging support of a proscribed terrorist organisation is punishable act.

    Why does the secretary of state and UK government keep turning a blind eye to these breaches? If we are to secure a long-term peace then these breaches can't keep being brushed under the carpet.

  • rate this

    Comment number 13.

    How about no more Political motivated parades. It costs the economy more money than its worth, there is no "social" benefit from them, unless you call bring up past tensions a good thing. A example of a good parade would be Gay Pride parade, no political motivation and both straight and gay sides enjoy watching it and best of all no one comes away hurt.

  • rate this

    Comment number 12.

    See below Chris - ban the lot of them - shower of layabouts costing us millions in police time. I'm sick of the lot of them and their sad, mundane little precious "identities".

  • Comment number 11.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • rate this

    Comment number 10.

    I was with you until this one. Both sides are as bad as each other. God forbid but I actually went to a parade last week with a colleague from work and apart from a small minority it was all about the craic. Its a pity that it can't be all about the craic. Orange, Green have caused us years of misery it's about time we changed!

  • rate this

    Comment number 9.

    Orange parades - Loyalists attack police

    Republican parades - Loyalists attack police.

    I'm sensing a theme......

  • Comment number 8.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • rate this

    Comment number 7.

    Put it to the vote BU and let the majority decide. Simplistic, I know, but at least it provides a guarantor/baseline to all the media hyped crap we see that feeds the flames of the mass spongers and bigots we have in NI society which we continue to be beholden to.....pause for breath....

  • rate this

    Comment number 6.

    The religious bigots on both sides will still l be fighting each other in Hell for another thousand years and Satan will be laughing and clapping his hands together the at "Christians" while the the flames of Hell and hatred burn higher and higher....enjoy

  • rate this

    Comment number 5.

    Banning Parades or Bonfires is problematical for any society. Restricting their routes and their timing is the long term best option. More than anything we unionists need to disapprove of the paramilitary links to some of our own parades (Coleraine? N.Belfast?), just as nationalists need to express disapproval at the glorification of terrorist killers at IRA events such as Castlederg.

  • rate this

    Comment number 4.

    Put it to the electorate - an across the board ban on such marches - orange, green etc.

    Maybe the silent majority will get off its ass and vote for once.

    I'd ban them all on the basis that I don't want my tax £'s going on the policing. To hell with "identities" and all that nonsense. Why do we let these scrounging minorities (orange & green) dictate to us?

  • rate this

    Comment number 3.

    The interpretation of S11 powers needs to be tested in the courts and not left to legal advice. A court ruling which allowed the SoS discretion over the criteria to be applied to ban (rather than re-route) a parade would have significant implications for all contentious parades. One option is for SoS to ban the 'Derg parade and have S11 interpreted in a legal challenge that would surely result.

  • rate this

    Comment number 2.


    Agree totally on both points. Your "juvenile" comment is well observed, there were riots here in Derry when the council tried to MOVE a bonfire as it was in an unsafe place. The average age of the rioters - about 12!

  • rate this

    Comment number 1.

    Ban all bonfires. There must be a list, as long as your arm, of by-laws that they contravene. And anyway, they're just so juvenile.



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