IRA 'responsible for Kingsmills'
- 16 June 2011
- From the section Northern Ireland
Families of those killed in the Kingsmills Massacre have received the report into the shootings after an investigation by the Historical Enquiries Team (HET).
The families said the report confirms much of what they already believed.
It found that the IRA was responsible for the atrocity and that the victims were targeted because of their religion.
The full HET report is expected to be made public on 21 June.
Part of the investigation centres on claims that guns used that night may be linked to as many as 90 other murders and attempted murders.
Survivor Alan Black was shot 18 times. He said the memory would "never leave him".
"There is a memorial to the men in the village of Bessbrook, close to where I live, and I think often of my work mates who lost their lives on that terrible evening.
"I have suffered physical and mental scars but the families of the men who died have suffered much more.
"Their grief continues every day and I hope they will find some comfort in the HET report."
On 5 January 1976, the 10 textile workers were travelling home from work in the dark and rain on a minibus in the heart of rural County Armagh.
Just after the van cleared the rise of a hill, there was a man standing in the road flashing a torch.
They stopped and there was the sudden, ominous movement of 11 other men, all armed, emerging from the hedges around them.
Their first thought was that it was the Army, but the gunmen were masked.
A man asked their religions. There was only one Catholic left on the bus. He was identified and ordered away from his Protestant work mates. He was able to run off.
The lead gunman spoke one other word - "Right" - and the shooting began.
Mr Black was the only one to survive.
After the initial screams, he recalled years later: "There was silence. I was semi-conscious and passed out several times with the deadly pain and cold.
"I must have been lying at the roadside waiting on the ambulance for up to 30 minutes. It was like an eternity.
"When help arrived I could not get the words out quick enough. I was afraid I'd die and nobody would ever know what happened.
"I was hysterical and wanted to tell everyone - the ambulance men, nurses, doctors, police."
Bessbrook, a small, Quaker model village that because of the Troubles hosted a massive Army base, was devastated. Nine of the men lived in Bessbrook. They had 14 children.
They were Joseph Lemmon, whose wife was standing over their tea as he died; Reginald Chapman, a Sunday school teacher who played football for Newry Town; his younger brother Walter Chapman; Kenneth Worton, whose youngest daughter had not even started school; James McWhirter, who belonged to the local Orange lodge; Robert Chambers, still a teenager and living with his parents; James McConville, who was planning to train as a missionary; John Bryans, a widower who left two children orphaned; and Robert Freeburn, who was also a father of two.
The van driver, Robert Walker, came from near Glenanne.
The IRA never admitted involvement and was supposed to be on ceasefire at the time.
The South Armagh Republican Action Force claimed the deaths. The HET reinvestigated the killings as part of work spanning three decades of conflict.
More Kingsmills family members are expected to give their reactions soon.