The real Gotham: The village behind the Batman stories

Gotham sign and Batman Gotham, Nottinghamshire, had a reputation for "madness" that led to its adoption by Batman writers

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People in Gotham are accustomed to hearing Batman jokes, but many aren't aware of its historical connection to the fictional Gotham City. So how did a sleepy Nottinghamshire settlement lend its name to a city of crime and corruption?

Gotham is now a friendly village popular with families, but a few hundred years ago its residents had a reputation for "madness".

One story goes that King John, also the villain in the legend of Robin Hood, was due to travel through Gotham on his way to nearby Nottingham.

Any road the king travelled on would become a public highway, so the villagers are said to have feigned madness to deter the king - as it was thought to be infectious.

Their absurd acts included building a fence around a bush to prevent a cuckoo escaping, and attempting to drown an eel in a pond.

The trick worked, leading to the saying: "There are more fools pass through Gotham than remain in it." Villagers were also dubbed the Wise Men of Gotham.

Word of the supposedly foolish acts spread, and they were collected in various books including The Merie Tales of the Mad Men of Gotam, published in 1565.

Children perform the Wise Men of Gotham in Eastwood in 1957 Children from Devonshire Drive School in Eastwood, Nottinghamshire, performed the Wise Men of Gotham as part of May Day celebrations in 1957

The American author Washington Irving became aware of the tales and was the first person to link Gotham in England with New York in the US.

He repeatedly referred to Manhattan as Gotham when writing, in 1807, in the Salmagundi papers, a satirical periodical mocking New Yorkers.

A 1630 edition of the The Merry Tales of the Mad-Men of Gottam The Gotham tales have been published in several books

Gotham then became a popular nickname for New York City and is still used today, in shop names and notably at the Gotham Center for New York City History.

Edwin G Burrows and Mike Wallace also explained how the name was adopted by New Yorkers in their book Gotham: A History of New York City to 1898.

They said: "Manhattanites would not likely have taken up a nickname so laden with pejorative connotations - even one bestowed by New York's most famous writer - unless it had redeeming qualities, and indeed some of the tales cast Gothamites in a flattering light."

Gill Hind, former chairman of Gotham Parish Council in England, tried for many years to have Gotham twinned with New York City.

"We always knew there was some sort of a link but we wanted to have it verified, then we found out about the Washington Irving connection," she says.

"We did think it would be so lovely to have have a sign at the beginning of the village saying 'Gotham, twinned with New York'."

Although the city and village have not been twinned, the former mayor of New York sent a letter wishing Gotham well and acknowledging the link between the two places.

Rudolph Giuliani wrote that it was "a pleasure to have this opportunity to acknowledge the cultural and historical link" between the two places.

Cityscape story in The Batman Chronicles #6 in 1996 Gotham in England was first mentioned in a story called Cityscape, in The Batman Chronicles #6 in 1996
Cityscape story in The Batman Chronicles #6 in 1996 A villain plotting murder explains how Gotham City was created
Legends of the Dark Knight #206 from 2006 The village of Gotham is mentioned again in Legends of the Dark Knight #206
Legends of the Dark Knight #206 from 2006 The story recalls the legend of King John and Gotham village

So how did the Batman stories come to be set in Gotham City, rather than New York?

Batman made his debut in issue 27 of Detective Comics, in 1939.

His setting was referred to as an unnamed "teeming metropolis" in issue 29, but by issue 31 it was explicitly identified as "New York".

Cuckoo Bush pub in Gotham The cuckoo bush legend is referenced in the name of a Gotham pub

Writer Bill Finger said he changed the name to Gotham after looking through a phone book and seeing the name Gotham Jewelers.

While Gotham village is pronounced goat-em, stemming from "goat town", the pronunciation goth-am was adopted for Batman.

The link with Nottinghamshire has only been acknowledged by Batman writers in recent years.

In a story called Cityscape, written by Dennis O'Neill in The Batman Chronicles #6 in 1996, a villain plotting murder explains how the Gotham of the Batman universe was created.

He enlists the help of an innocent man to build an asylum in the forest outside the town of Bludhaven, and proposes naming it Gotham "after a village in England where, according to common belief, all are bereft of their wits".

In 2006, Justin Gray wrote about the King John story in Legends of the Dark Knight #206, saying that his couriers "found lunatics running wild in the streets" when they arrived in the village of Gotham.

Letter from Mayor of New York, dated 2 January 2000 The Mayor of New York wrote to the residents of Gotham in a letter dated 2 January 2000
Gotham Tapestry The letter was read out at the unveiling of Gotham's Millennium Tapestry, which includes some of the village's tales

Given the link, Batman fans might be expected to flock to Gotham.

Mrs Hind says this doesn't happen, but some of the cast of Batman Live did visit Gotham in 2011 for a photocall when the touring production came to Nottingham.

A sculpture representing some of the legends of Gotham was unveiled in the village in September, and features Batman climbing up the side.

"If you say you come from Gotham people say 'Oh, Gotham City?' and we always smile," Mrs Hind adds.

"It's always been tongue in cheek but people haven't known that there's a proper reason for it."

Gotham City

Gotham, Nottinghamshire

Notable people

Batman is the city's most famous resident.

Former US presidents George HW Bush, Bill Clinton and George W Bush and can reportedly trace their descendants back to Gotham.

Population

Generally referred to as the world's greatest city, Gotham's population is certainly in the millions.

The Gotham ward, which also includes the villages of Thrumpton and Barton in Fabis, had 1,994 residents in the 2011 census.

Crime

Crime is high, with villains including the Joker, Penguin and Riddler.

No larger-than-life villains. Crime levels are lower than average, compared to similar areas in England and Wales.

Landmarks

Landmarks similar to those in New York, including Gotham's Twin Towers. Wollaton Hall, in Nottingham, was used as Wayne Manor in 2012 film The Dark Knight Rises.

The medieval Manor House, St Lawrence Church and the Village Pump.

Police chiefs

Gotham City Police Department is led by Commissioner James Gordon.

Former MP Paddy Tipping is Police and Crime Commissioner for Nottinghamshire.

Local politicians

Gotham City has had several mayors.

Councillor Mike Sheppard is the current chairman of Gotham Parish Council.

Important industries

Wayne Enterprises operates across a range of sectors and markets, including shipping, food, and industrial research and development.

Land around the village is used for farming and surrounding hills were mined for gypsum in the past.

Local media

The Gotham Gazette is one of the major newspapers.

The Nottingham Post is the area's daily newspaper.

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