Jimmy Mubenga coroner: 'Pervasive racism' in deportation firm
The coroner who ruled on the death of a deportee on a plane bound for Angola has criticised "pervasive racism" in the firm contracted to carry out the government's removals.
Last month, an inquest jury ruled Jimmy Mubenga was unlawfully killed by G4S guards who were restraining him.
A report has highlighted "loutish, laddish behaviour" among guards working for the UK Border Agency at the time.
The Home Office said it would respond to the report findings in due course.
G4S said it took allegations of racism "extremely seriously" and disciplinary action would always be taken where appropriate.
Mr Mubenga, 46, died after becoming ill as a British Airways flight prepared to leave Heathrow Airport, in October 2010.'Unhealthy culture'
On 9 July, a jury found he died of cardio-respiratory collapse, in which the heart stops beating and a person stops breathing.
He was pushed or held down which impeded his breathing unlawfully and first aid was not given by anyone in the cabin, the inquest found.
Karon Monaghan QC said in her report the "numerous" racist text messages found on the mobile phones of two of the officers removing Mr Mubenga "were not evidence of a couple of 'rotten apples' but rather seemed to evidence a more pervasive racism within G4S".
She added there was "real concern" that "endemic racism" might result in "inappropriate treatment" of detainees.
She said there was evidence of an "unhealthy culture" at G4S of "loutish, laddish behaviour" identified by one witness.
She also complained there had been "no changes of any significance" to improve the use of force in detentions and removals nearly three years after Mr Mubenga's death.
The contract is now held by Capita under the trade name Tascor, having been held by Reliance Secure Task Management after G4S.
But Ms Monaghan raised concerns "employees transfer from one contractor to another on transfer of contracts from one provider to another".
A Capita spokeswoman said the employees referred to during Mr Mubenga's inquest were dismissed and had never worked for Tascor.
She said it was working with the Home Office to ensure officers had the right skills needed.'Sympathies with family'
Ms Monaghan criticised the use of contracts which "incentivise the completion of a job" regardless of whether a deportee was fit to be transported.
The handcuffing of detainees behind their backs on flights was also condemned as it can restrict breathing.
Most of the recommendations in the report were directed to the Home Office, she said, reflecting its overall responsibility and the fact contractors are changed frequently.
A Home Office spokesman said: "Our thoughts and sympathies are with Mr Mubenga's family.
"We have received the report and will respond to its findings in due course."
The findings were made under Rule 43 of the Coroner's Rules which states a coroner should report the circumstances of a death to the relevant authorities to avoid similar deaths in future.