Mary Rose museum opens in Portsmouth at cost of £35m

Purbrook Bowmen fire a volley of flaming arrows from Southsea Castle A volley of flaming arrows was fired from Southsea Castle during the museum's opening-day events
Mary Rose Museum is officially opened Royal Navy Sea Cadets lowered the Tudor standard to mark the museum's official opening
HMS Duncan crew carry chip's bell into Mary Rose Museum Crew members from HMS Duncan carry the original ship's bell to the The Mary Rose Museum during the opening ceremony
Mary Rose wreath laying Crew from HMS Duncan laid a wreath at the wreck site of the Mary Rose
The purser's belongings Thousands of personal items were found such as these, belonging to the purser
Geoff Hunt's picture of the Mary Rose This painting by Geoff Hunt shows what the Mary Rose would have looked like
Bones from cattle (9), cod (10), hake (11) and conger eel (12) The backbone of a cod that went uneaten was among the food items found on board
surgeon/barber's cabin A recreation of the surgeon's quarters on board - the bench was used for amputating limbs
The  Mary Rose archer This is the recreated face of an archer - one of 92 near complete skeletons

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A £35m purpose-built museum for Henry VIII's flagship, the Mary Rose, has been officially opened in Portsmouth.

The 16th Century hull will once again be on display at the Historic Dockyard museum - yards from where the Tudor warship was built 500 years ago.

The new museum finally reunites the Mary Rose with many thousands of the 19,000 artefacts found with it.

The ship was discovered in 1971 and raised from the seabed of the Solent in 1982.

The new museum will be fully open to the public from Friday but tickets have to be booked in advance.

At the scene

John Lippiett, chief executive of the Mary Rose Trust rings the Mary Rose Bell

To mark the opening of the new museum a flotilla of boats sets off at dawn to the wreck site.

The rain is getting heavier and the wind is picking up, just as it did the day when the Mary Rose was raised back in 1982.

A simple yellow buoy marks the spot where the ship sank.

John Lippiett, chief executive of the Mary Rose Trust, rings the bell that once hung on the ship and was also recovered.

That marks the start of the ceremony - a short service to remember those who died in the sinking nearly 500 years ago.

A bugler from the Royal Marines Band Service then plays a solemn piece before the Reverend Monsignor Andrew McFadden says a prayer for the men and boys who were lost here - about 500.

Crew from HMS Duncan, the Royal Navy's newest warship, then lay a wreath of poppies on the water from the deck of WWII seaplane tender.

The flotilla returns to the dockyard to a gun salute and the bell is taken onboard HMS Duncan ahead of its installation in the museum during the evening celebrations.

Faces of some of the crew have been recreated by forensic science experts using skulls found with the wreck.

The areas of the ship where they lived and worked, such as the surgeon's cabin and the gun deck have also been recreated.

Wreath laying

Up to 500 men and boys died when the ship sank and the new museum has been dedicated to them.

A day of events to mark the opening started with the laying of a wreath at the spot where it sank.

The Reverend Monsignor Andrew McFadden said: "Today is as much about the men as it is about the ship. Similar prayers would have been said on the Mary Rose.

"The skeletons represent the spirit of those people who gave their lives on the Mary Rose, and the bell represents a continuation of them and the ship today."

The Mary Rose Bell was then taken from the wreck site to HMS Duncan.

A giant Tudor flag covered the museum before it was lowered to a fanfare by the band of the Royal Marines earlier.

The day-long event has marked the symbolic journey of the ship's bell as the last artefact to be placed into the new Mary Rose museum ahead of its public opening.

Since it was brought up, the hull had been constantly sprayed with water and wax chemicals but the jets were turned off last month.

For the next four years it will be kept in a "hot box" chamber to be dried out but visitors to Portsmouth Historic Dockyard will be able to view it through windows.

Faces from the past

Mary Rose crew member

Discover how the Mary Rose crew members were revealed after 500 years

Examine life and death onboard the ship

Learn how a drowned sailor's appearance was recreated

'Beyond belief'

After that the hull will be on full view in the museum, in which a mirror image of the decks has been created to give people a feeling of what life was like on the ship.

John Lippiett, chief executive of the Mary Rose Trust, said: "People don't believe these things come from the ship.

"We even had the bishop of Portsmouth in here the other day, saying it was 'beyond belief'.

"But everything you see behind glass here was found with it.

"[While the drying out takes place] over the next four years you will be seeing people working on it, which puts the size of the ship into perspective."

The Mary Rose saw 34 years of service before it sank while leading an attack on a French invasion fleet in 1545.

King Henry VIII watched from Southsea Castle as it disappeared, killing all but 35 of the crew. Most of them drowned, trapped underneath netting designed to prevent the enemy from boarding.

The bulk of the £35m funding for the museum and conservation project came from a £23m Heritage Lottery Fund grant, with remaining cash raised through various charitable trusts, fundraising and sponsors.

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