'Rare' Lizard juniper plant reintroduction hope by conservationists

Lizard juniper In 2012, fruit was collected from five wild female plants with the aim to grow the junipers from the seeds
Gew Graze Valley The plant is only found in the UK in one valley on the Lizard Peninsula
Lizard juniper at the Eden Project Lizard juniper plants are being grown at the Eden Project's nursery

Conservationists hope to save an "extremely rare" plant which is only found in the wild in the UK in one valley in Cornwall.

The team from the Eden Project and Natural England are growing the Lizard juniper at a nursery and hope to plant them in the wild.

Only 13 junipers remain in the Gew Graze Valley, on the Lizard Peninsula, a spokesman from Natural England said.

He added that reintroducing them to the area could begin in 2014.

Why is protection needed?

  • The Lizard juniper was historically recorded at several sites on the Lizard
  • Fire, grazing by animals, reduction in fertility by aging plants and male and female fragmentation are believed to be behind the decline
  • In the last 30 years regeneration rates are believed to have been very low
  • In 2010, detailed surveys found no natural regeneration at all
  • Faced with the risk of extinction the programme began

Source: Natural England

John Martin, from Natural England, said the people of Cornwall should be "very proud of the Lizard's botanical importance". It has a number of rare species.

Cuttings from all known wild juniper plants on the Lizard were taken in 2010 to the Eden Project in Cornwall.

Fruit was collected from five wild female plants two years later with the aim to grow plants from the seeds.

Both methods are now being used to help grow junipers.

"The 13 individuals live close together [in the wild] and we want to see if former sites where they used to be found might be suitable for the reintroduction," Mr Martin said.

"It will help protect them if something bad happens to those in the Gew Graze Valley."

'Protect our habitats'

Dr Tim Pettitt, from the Eden Project, said seedlings had been germinated from the collected seeds, but they had to be "robust enough" before being reintroduced.

Start Quote

It's a very important project not just for conserving one population of plants, but also understanding the scientific methods of how best to protect our habitats and plants”

End Quote Dr Alistair Griffiths Project founder

"It's part of our native flora and we need to do more to understand why there has been such a strong decline," he said.

"The species was once abundant and we should endeavour to keep it."

The plant is a subspecies of the juniper, an evergreen conifer.

Mr Martin said the Lizard was the only place in the UK where it was found.

But he admitted there was some divide in the scientific community as to whether a type of juniper found in southern Europe was the same subspecies.

He said: "They live in different habitats, there would be no gene flow between the two populations, and they do differ, but at this stage it's unclear whether it is the same subspecies or not."

Dr Alistair Griffiths, who is one of the founders of the project, said: "It's a very important project, not just for conserving one population of plants, but also understanding the scientific methods of how best to protect our habitats and plants."

He added the research methods used for the Lizard juniper, as a case study, could help towards safeguarding other species.

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