19 December 2012
Last updated at 17:01
The Boxkite was Bristol's first successful production aeroplane in 1910. It was the first aircraft to be produced at the British and Colonial Aeroplane Company - Britain's first aircraft factory - which was based in a former tramway shed at Filton.
The British and Colonial Aeroplane Company was wound up in 1920 and assets transferred to the Bristol Aeroplane Company. Its core business in the 1920s was reconditioned Bristol Fighters.
Filton Airfield saw the maiden flight of the Bristol Brabazon airliner on 4 September 1949. With a wingspan of 230ft, nearly 40ft more than a Jumbo Jet, it was the biggest airliner the world had seen.
The biggest hangar in the world was built to house the Brabazon but, with the development of faster jet engines, the airliner was quickly declared obsolete.
In the meantime, the village of Charlton had been demolished to make way for a runway extension for the Brabazon. The giant hangar and extra long runway secured the future of the civil aircraft industry at Filton, where Concorde would later be built.
Filton saw the first UK test flight of the Concorde prototype in 1969. Alpha Foxtrot, the last Concorde to fly, went on show at Filton in November 2003, but tours stopped in 2010 for maintenance to be carried out.
BAE Systems is donating nearly £2.5m to help build a permanent home for Alpha Foxtrot at Filton. It is giving land on the northern edge of Filton Airfield to the new Bristol Aerospace Centre, which will house the plane.
The A380's wings, landing gear and fuel management system were all designed at Filton. The plane made its British debut on 18 May 2006 with fly-pasts at Filton and Broughton, north Wales.
The Airbus Beluga, or Super Transporter, picked up an A400M wing from Filton earlier in December in what was believed to be its last visit to the airport. In future, Airbus will send the wings by road to Avonmouth, then by sea to France, and finally by Beluga for the final leg to Spain for assembly.
BAE Systems said it would close the airfield at the end of the year after it was found to be no longer viable. Despite a petition by the Save Filton Airfield Campaign, the company said it would halt operations on 21 December before its final closure 10 days later.