Mark Duggan inquest: Family fury at lawful killing decision

Mark Duggan's aunt Carole, speaking outside court: "He was executed"

Mark Duggan's family have said they will fight for justice after an inquest jury concluded by a majority of 8 to 2 that he was lawfully killed by police.

Mr Duggan was shot dead by armed officers in August 2011 in Tottenham, sparking riots across England.

Following the inquest at the Royal Courts of Justice, his aunt Carole Duggan said he had been "executed".

Metropolitan Police Commissioner Sir Bernard Hogan-Howe has asked for a meeting with local community leaders.

There were angry scenes outside the court, with supporters of Mr Duggan's family chanting "murderers" at Assistant Commissioner Mark Rowley as he read a statement.

'Lethal force'

Jurors concluded Mr Duggan did not have a gun when he was shot by officers who surrounded a minicab he was travelling in.

But the jury said it was more likely than not that he had thrown a gun on to some nearby grass just before he was killed. The weapon was found about 20ft (6m) away from the scene.

Assistant Commissioner Mark Rowley was met with a barrage of chants

The panel of seven women and three men was asked to answer five questions:

  • In the period between midday on 3 August 2011 and when state amber was called at 6.00 pm on 4 August 2011, did the Metropolitan Police Service and the Serious Organised Crime Agency do the best they realistically could have done to gather and react to intelligence about the possibility of Mr Duggan collecting a gun from Mr Hutchinson-Foster? The jury said a unanimous no.
  • Was the stop conducted in a location and in a way which minimised, to the greatest extent possible, recourse to lethal force? Unanimous yes.
  • Did Mr Duggan have the gun with him in the taxi immediately before the stop? Unanimous yes
  • How did the gun get to the grass area where it was later found? A majority of 9 to 1 said it was thrown.
  • When Mr Duggan received a fatal shot, did he have the gun in his hand? A majority of 8 to 2 said no, he did not have a gun in his hand.

Following the verdict his mother, Pamela Duggan, was led out of the court in tears, while Mr Duggan's brother was seen screaming and shouting.

Mark Duggan's mother Pamela (left) and aunt Carole outside court Mr Duggan's family said he was "executed"

BBC News home affairs correspondent Dominic Casciani tweeted: "I don't think I have ever heard of a jury, performing their civic duty, being abused in court by members of the public."

Following the conclusion to the inquest, an Independent Police Complaints Commission (IPCC) spokesperson said: "We note the inquest jury's determination and findings and we are considering them as a matter of urgency in relation to our ongoing investigation."

'No justice, no peace'

Outside court, his aunt Carole Duggan said: "The majority of people in this country know that Mark was executed.

"We're going to fight until we have no breath in our body for justice for Mark, for his children, and for all of those (unclear) with deaths in custody that have had nothing.

Sir Bernard Hogan Howe: "We need to do more to build trust"

"We are not giving up. No justice, no peace!"

But Met Police Commissioner Mr Hogan-Howe said: "I welcome the verdict of a jury that our officers acted lawfully when they confronted an armed criminal who they believed posed a threat to them and to the public.

"The death of Mark Duggan in 2011 was a tragedy for his family and led to a significant reduction in trust between London's black communities and the Metropolitan Police.

"I know that we have much work to do with black Londoners to build trust and confidence in the Metropolitan Police.

"I have asked some of the capital's political representatives, and local community leaders from Tottenham, to meet me tomorrow [Thursday] to discuss how the Metropolitan Police can build better relationships for the future."

'Shot on sight'

The Duggan's family lawyer Marcia Willis Stewart said "We can't believe this was the outcome. He had no gun in his hand, yet he was shot, he was murdered.

"To us, that is unlawful killing."

In a statement later, Ms Stewart said: "The jury has found that Mark Duggan was unarmed at the point at which he was shot.

"We cannot countenance a situation in which an unarmed citizen is shot on sight.

"The jury found that there were failings in the way the police conducted the gathering and actioning of evidence. Had they done their job properly, this fatal shooting could have been avoided.

She added the family would seek an urgent meeting with the IPCC, their MP David Lammy, and MP Keith Vaz, in order to ensure the IPCC "carry a vigorous review".

Deborah Coles, from the charity Inquest, said Mr Duggan's family were considering whether to apply for the decision to be judicially reviewed.

Assistant Commissioner Mark Rowley Assistant Commissioner Mark Rowley attempted to read a statement outside court

Outside court, Assistant Commissioner Rowley attempted to read a statement which said the force had sympathy with Mr Duggan's family.

"No officer sets out at the start of the day to run an operation that results in someone dying," he said.

"We send out well-trained, professional armed officers thousands of times a year to combat this threat [of gun violence], only firing shots once or twice. These careful tactics have significantly reduced gun crime."

He added: "We know the trust is not shared by everyone. I will be offering to meet Mark Duggan's family to express our sorrow."

Tottenham MP David Lammy said the IPCC investigation had questions to answer, in particular what happened days before the shooting.

He said: "The Duggan family's sorrow and anger was palpable in court this afternoon and it is a feeling that will inevitably be reflected in the wider community.

"Further clarification on the events surrounding Mark Duggan's shooting is essential to enable the relationship between the community and the police to move forward.

"There are aspects of this verdict that are somewhat perplexing and seemingly contradictory to those of who us who have carefully followed the proceedings over the last few months."

Tottenham 'calm'

A Home Office spokeswoman said it was "inappropriate to comment" while the IPCC was still carrying out its investigation.

BBC News correspondent Tom Symonds, who is in Tottenham, said the area was "very calm but has a high police presence".

The Met said there was an operation in place across London this evening where they have the ability to deploy extra officers if needed.

After Mr Duggan was shot, rioting spread across London and other parts of England in what became some of the worst disturbances in decades.

The inquest began in September. Before the jurors retired for what was seven days of deliberation, Judge Keith Cutler told them to reach their decisions "on the evidence and the evidence alone".

The coroner thanked the jury and told them they will be excused from future jury service for life if they want.

More on This Story

BBC London

Weather

London

11 °C 6 °C

BBC Local Live

  1.  
    10:49: World Book Day Vanessa Feltz Presenter, BBC London 94.9

    Vanessa Feltz's production team tweets: Next @MichaelRosenYes joins Vanessa on @BBCLondon949 to talk about #WorldBookDay what are your children dressed as?

     
  2.  
    10:46: Sunrays ignite fire

    A woman escaped a fire at a property in Croydon yesterday which was ignited by a concave mirror focusing sunrays onto bedding.

    Mark Ross from London Fire Brigade said: "The winter sun seems to be more prevalent this year so I'd ask everyone to keep mirrors, bottles of water and crystal balls out of direct sunlight. Thankfully the resident was alerted to the fire by her smoke alarm."

     
  3.  
    10:36: Video: Fourth plinth unveiled

    BBC London 94.9 reporter Richard main tweets: 'Gift Horse' by Hans Haacke is unveiled on the #fourthplinth

    Fourth plinth
     
  4.  
    10:30: Chelsea 1-0 West Ham
  5.  
    10:19: Terror arrest men bailed

    Two men arrested by Counter Terrorism Command officers investigating fraud and money laundering have been bailed.

    The men, aged 29 and 23, were arrested in east London and have been bailed to return in April. A third man, 37, was arrested in west London and remains in custody.

     
  6.  
    10:10: Gool Peran Lowen Beth Rose BBC News Online

    If, like me, you're from Cornwall and living in the capital, or just like visiting the county, then Gool Peran Lowen or Happy St Piran's Day!

    Cornish flag

    Here's a list of events and ways to celebrate the national day of Cornwall, including one event in London.

    The day is named after the patron saints of Cornwall, Saint Piran, who is also the patron saint of tin miners.

     
  7.  
    10:00: News on the hour BBC London 94.9 Radio

    The lead story at 10:00 on BBC London 94.9: Scotland Yard detectives investigating alleged child sexual abuse by establishment figures in the 1970s and 80s have raided the home of a former Conservative MP.

     
  8.  
    09:53: Fourth arrest in Alan Cartwright murder

    An 18-year-old man has become the fourth person to be arrested on suspicion of murdering 15-year-old Alan Cartwright who was fatally stabbed while out riding his bike with friends in Islington on Friday evening.

    Alan Cartwright

    Two other men, aged 18 and 21, remain in custody, while a 17-year-old boy has been bailed until April.

     
  9.  
    09:47: Police release suspect image over boy's sex assault

    Detectives investigating a sexual assault on a six-year-old boy in central London have released images of a man they wish to speak to in connection with the incident.

    Image of suspect

    The child was attacked as he used a toilet at the Calthorpe Project, a community centre in Grays Inn Road, on the afternoon of 1 July 2014.

     
  10.  
    09:38: What will it be?

    BBC London 94.9 reporter Richard Main tweets: A beautiful day for an unveiling! The press pack gather for the unveiling of the new #fourthplinth sculpture

    Fourth plinth
     
  11.  
    09:27: Teen pregnancy rates fall

    Teenage pregnancy rates have fallen to an all-time low in Enfield, according to the Enfield Independent.

    The rate in the borough is now 23 per 1,000 births as of 2013, a 58% reduction since 2006 when the rate was 55 per 1,000.

     
  12.  
    09:17: Where should new houses be built?

    Southwark Council tweets: We're building 11,000 new council homes in Southwark. Tell us where we should build them

     
  13.  
    09:07: Appeal over DJ's murder

    Detectives hunting the killer of a man whose body was found on a railway line in north London four years ago have launched a fresh appeal for information.

    Kester David

    DJ and bus driver Kester David, 53, died from burns in the early hours of 7 July 2010. He was found on tracks under a bridge in Palmers Green and this morning police have renewed their appeal to trace two sets of men seen nearby.

    Detectives are also keen to find his Blackberry mobile phone.

     
  14.  
    08:57: News on the hour BBC London 94.9 Radio

    The lead story at 09:00 on BBC London 94.9: The Lib Dem MP and former Home Office minister Norman Baker's calling for primary schools to do more to educate pupils about the dangers of joining gangs.

     
  15.  
    08:47: Gang prevention Vanessa Feltz Presenter, BBC London 94.9

    A Radio Four investigation has found street gangs in London are recruiting ever younger members to try to stay one step ahead of the police. Liberal Democrat MP Norman Baker calling for primary schools to do more to educate pupils about the dangers of joining gangs.

    What do you think? You can listen live on BBC London 94.9 and contact the team on 0207 7224 2000.

     
  16.  
    08:34: Wins for Arsenal and Chelsea BBC Sport

    Arsenal produced an impressive second-half display to record a fourth consecutive Premier League win and consolidate their top-four place after they beat QPR 1-2.

    Elsewhere, Spurs beat Swansea 3-2 while West Ham lost 0-1 to Chelsea, a win which sees the Blues stay five points clear at the top of the Premier League.

     
  17.  
    08:26: Southeastern and Thameslink delays BBC London Travel

    There are 30min delays and cancellations on Southeastern and Thameslink services due to a signal failure in Swanley.

    For the latest information go to our travel page or follow us on Twitter @BBCTravelAlert.

     
  18.  
    08:21: Boris 'misled' Londoners over Garden Bridge Tim Donovan Political Editor, BBC London

    Boris Johnson has been accused of misleading Londoners over how much it could cost to fund a new garden bridge over the River Thames.

    The bridge

    The mayor has promised no public money would go into maintaining the bridge, only £30m would go towards building it.

    But Labour say a letter shows the mayor has agreed to pay the £3.5m annual costs if the trust behind the project fails to find private funding.

    The mayor's office has not responded to claims he misled taxpayers, but has confirmed the letter's contents.

     
  19.  
    08:14: A40 delays BBC London Travel

    The A40 is closed from RAF Northolt to Hillingdon Circus following a serious collision and there are long delays on the approach.

    For the latest information go to our travel page or follow us on Twitter @BBCTravelAlert.

     
  20.  
    08:09: Greater Anglia and Stansted Express delays Paul Murphy-Kasp Journalist, BBC London

    There are delays on Greater Anglia and Stansted Express services through Tottenham Hale due to a late running freight train.

    For the latest information go to our travel page or follow us on Twitter @BBCTravelAlert.

     
  21.  
    08:07: Sunny and dry BBC Weather Latest

    Despite a chilly start with some frost it will feel warmer than yesterday. This morning will see sunny spells, although it will be cloudier this afternoon. It will remain dry throughout.

    11C (52F).

     
  22.  
    08:00: Beth Rose BBC News Online

    Morning! I'm here until 18:00 bringing you all the latest news, sport, weather and travel for London.

    If you want to contact me with a story, comment or photo email or tweet @BBCLondonNews.

     

Features

Try our new site and tell us what you think. Learn more
Take me there

Copyright © 2015 BBC. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more.

This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so.